|National Cycling Centre|
Former logo of the Manchester Velodrome. Current logo is the logo of the National Cycling Centre.
|Owner||City of Manchester|
|Services engineer||R.V. Webb (Velodrome track)|
|Field size||250 metre track|
|Sky Track Cycling (UCI Track Cycling)
Team Sky (UCI ProTeam)
Manchester Wheelers' Club
Manchester Velodrome, part of the National Cycling Centre, is an indoor cycle-racing track or velodrome in Sportcity, Manchester, England. It opened in September 1994 and remained the only indoor Olympic-standard track in the United Kingdom for 18 years, prior to the completion of the London Velopark for the 2012 Summer Olympics.
A velodrome was proposed as part of Manchester's bid for the Olympic Games of 1996 and 2000, which were awarded to Atlanta and Sydney. Manchester was selected to host the 2002 Commonwealth Games, and the velodrome and the City of Manchester Stadium were centrepieces on the Sportcity site.
The facility is owned by Manchester City Council and has been home to British Cycling since 1994, and the UCI ProTeam Team Sky since it was formed in 2009. The velodrome is located adjacent to the City of Manchester Stadium, and next to the National Indoor BMX Arena which opened in 2011.
It hosted track cycling events in the 2002 Commonwealth Games, the Revolution series and the UCI Track Cycling World Championships a record three times - in 1996, 2000 and 2008. The velodrome has been cited as a catalyst for Britain's successes in track cycling since 2002.
The Manchester Velodrome was developed as a joint venture between Sport England, Manchester City Council and British Cycling, who recognised the need for an Olympic-standard facility in the United Kingdom to improve British track cycling. Funding was provided by the Government, through the Department of the Environment (£6.5m), the Sports Council (£2m) and the Foundation for Sport and the Arts (£1m). Manchester City Council is the freehold owner and the centre is managed by The Velodrome Trust.
The velodrome was designed by FaulknerBrowns Architects and has garnered a reputation for speed since its opening. The centre’s roof structure is based around a 122 metre, 200 tonne arch allowing for an unrestricted viewing area for spectators. Covered by an aluminium roof, the total structure weighs around 600 tonnes. The track is 250 metres long and its bankings reach 42 degrees in the middle. The track is as steep at the top as it is on the black (racing) line. On 21 May 2007 the velodrome closed for resurfacing in Siberian pine at a cost of £400,000. It reopened on 16 July 2007, and is considered a smoother ride.
By 30 March 2008, more than 15 world records had been set, including Chris Boardman's 1996 and 2000 hour records and the 4000 metre team pursuit record set by the Great Britain men's team at the 2008 World Championships.
The UCI hour record set by Boardman in the Best Human Effort category in 1996, was rescinded by UCI in 2000 and subsequent attempts at breaking Eddy Merckx's 1972 record stopped as UCI believed advanced bicycle technology gave cyclists too much help. Boardman set out to break the record on a bike comparable to Eddy Merckx's 1972 machine. He surpassed the record at the velodrome in 2000, achieving a distance of 49.444km as against the 1972 record of 49.431km, and then retired.
The velodrome has become a popular venue for cyclists with taster and practice sessions frequently booked up several weeks in advance. In 2011, the National Indoor BMX Arena was opened next to the velodrome. Plans proposed in 2012 included a mountain bike trail on Clayton Vale, which would be the first facility of its kind in the United Kingdom and would aim to replicate Britain's performance on the track in mountain biking.
The Revolution Series opened in 2003 to build on events such as the world championships and World Cup meetings and provide more regular events. There were four Revolution events over the winter of 2003-04. They built good crowds. The seventh, in 2005, sold all the seats with further fans standing. The first official sell-out was Revolution 14. The series of sprint and endurance events runs on Saturday nights. Internationals compete with British stars and up-and-coming talent. Some riders have retired at Revolution events, rewarded with a retirement presentation. A Future Stars competition has races for young riders aged 15 or 16 to test their sprint and endurance. Olympic riders Jason Kenny and Steven Burke came up through this series. In 2012 it was announced that Revolution events would take place at the recently opened London Velodrome and Glasgow Velodrome from 2013.
On 2 July 2009 Kraftwerk performed at the velodrome as part of the 2009 Manchester International Festival. As they performed Tour de France, four members of the British Olympic cycling team entered and rode laps of the track.
A list of notable events which Manchester Velodrome has hosted:
- 1996 UCI Track Cycling World Championships
- 2000 UCI Track Cycling World Championships
- 2002 Commonwealth Games
- 2003–04 Revolution – Season 1
- 2004 UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classics (Round 3)
- 2004–05 UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classics (Round 3)
- 2004–05 Revolution – Season 2
- 2005–06 UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classics (Round 2)
- 2005–06 Revolution – Season 3
- 2006–07 Revolution – Season 4
- 2006–07 UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classics (Round 4)
- 2007–08 Revolution – Season 5
- 2008–09 Revolution – Season 6
- 2008–09 UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classics (Round 1)
- 2008 UCI Track Cycling World Championships
- 2009–10 Revolution – Season 7
- 2009–10 UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classics (Round 1)
- 2010–11 Revolution – Season 8
- 2010–11 UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classics (Round 4)
- 2011–12 Revolution – Season 9
- 2012 World Masters Track Championships
- 2012–13 Revolution – Season 10 (Rounds 1, 2, and 3)
- 2013 World Masters Track Championships
- 2013–14 Revolution – Season 11 (Rounds 1, 3, and 4)
- 2013–14 UCI Track Cycling World Cup (Round 1)
- "Manchester Velodrome - About us". Manchester Velodrome. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
- "Velodrome tracks by R.V. Webb". R.V. Webb Ltd. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
- "Manchester Wheelers' Club - Track". Manchester Wheelers' Club. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- Andrews, Guy (1 April 2008). "How did Britain get so good at cycling?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-07-13. "As well as bringing in the finest equipment and the best coaches available, British Cycling based everything on one oval track in Manchester, built for the 2002 Commonwealth Games."
- "British pedal power or Queally over-rated?". BBC News. 20 September 2000. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- "FaulknerBrownArchitects - Sport". Faulker Brown Architects. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- Taylor, Paul (2 June 2007). "Velodrome on fast track". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- Liggett, Phil (28 October 2000). "Cycling: Boardman ends career in style". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- "Boardman and the banned Superman". BBC Sport. 26 October 2000. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- "Boardman breaks Merckx record". BBC Sport. 27 October 2000. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- Walker, Peter (2 August 2012). "The road to take to be the next Bradley Wiggins or Lizzie Armitstead". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- "£24m BMX Centre Opened". British Cycling. 6 August 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-2012.
- "Clayton Vale Mountain Bike Trail Consultation". manchester.gov.uk. 16 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
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