|Other names||Manchester City vs Manchester United|
|First meeting||12 November 1881
West Gorton 0–3 Newton Heath
|Latest meeting||12 April 2015
United 4–2 City
|Next meeting||24 October 2015|
|Stadiums||City of Manchester Stadium
|Most wins||Manchester United (70)|
|Most player appearances||Ryan Giggs (36)|
|Top scorer||Wayne Rooney (11)|
|All-time series||Manchester City: 49
Manchester United: 70
|Largest victory||United 1–6 City (1926)
United 0–5 City (1955)
United 5–0 City (1994)
United 1–6 City (2011)
- 1 History
- 2 Statistics
- 3 Honours
- 4 Non-competitive derbies
- 5 All-time results
- 6 Shared player history
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The first meeting between the two teams occurred on 12 November 1881, when West Gorton (St. Marks) – who would later become Manchester City – hosted Newton Heath – who would later become Manchester United. The game finished 3–0 in favour of Newton Heath and was described by the Ashton Reporter as "a pleasant game". At this time, the clubs were just two of many fledgling sides in the Manchester area, and the fixture had no special significance. Both clubs grew in stature as the 1880s progressed, leading to their first meeting of the 1890s being billed as "a meeting of two local clubs, [Ardwick (City)] just rising to the highest standard in the football world whilst [Newton Heath] are nearly in the front rank". The pair became the dominant teams in the Manchester area; the winner of the Manchester Cup was either Newton Heath or Ardwick every year between 1888 and 1893. Both teams joined the Football Alliance, a short-lived rival to the Football League. During this period both clubs made unsuccessful attempts to gain election to the League (Newton Heath in 1889, 1890 and 1891; Ardwick in 1891). Admission to the Football League finally came in 1892. Newton Heath joined the First Division, and Ardwick the new Second Division.
The first Football League meeting between the teams came in the 1894–95 season, Newton Heath beating Manchester City 5–2 at Hyde Road. The first meeting between the clubs to take place at the highest level of English football occurred in December 1906, a 3–0 City win in a First Division match for which the gate receipts exceeded £1,000, a very large figure for the era. At this time City were suffering the after-effects of a financial scandal in which the club were found guilty of making off-balance sheet payments to players. As a result seventeen players were suspended and banned from ever representing the club again, including the core of the team which had won the 1904 FA Cup. When the suspensions ended in January 1907, four players (Jimmy Bannister, Herbert Burgess, Billy Meredith and Sandy Turnbull) joined United, where they helped United gain their first league title in 1908. In contrast to modern antipathy, the transfers were generally welcomed for helping a fellow Manchester club. The following season Turnbull became the first player to be sent off in a derby.
Before the Second World War, many football supporters in Manchester watched City one week and United the next. After the war, a stronger rivalry developed and following both teams became uncommon.
The first floodlit Manchester derby was played on 26 February 1889 at the Belle Vue Athletic Ground. Wells electric lights were placed around the ground and a crowd of 10,000 watched Newton Heath defeat Ardwick 3–2. The match was played in aid of the Hyde Coal Mine disaster.
The first competitive floodlit derby was the Charity Shield match played in October 1956. The game was a break with tradition as Charity Shield games were typically played at the home ground of the League Champions, but as Old Trafford had yet to install lights, the game was played at Maine Road.
Manchester derbies in the 1970s were frequently bad tempered. In the December 1970 derby, a tackle by George Best broke the leg of Glyn Pardoe; the severity of the injury almost resulted in the City defender losing his leg. The following season, an entertaining 3–3 draw saw Francis Lee accuse George Best of diving and emphasised the point to the referee by throwing himself theatrically to the floor. The first derby of the 1973–74 season saw Mike Doyle and Lou Macari each receive a red card in a dour contest which finished 0–0 at Maine Road. Both players refused to leave the pitch, leading the referee to take both teams back to the dressing room until the two players accepted their dismissals.
The Denis Law game
The return fixture came at Old Trafford on the penultimate day of the season (United still had an away game to play at Stoke) with United trying to avoid relegation with a win, although they were also relying on Norwich beating Birmingham that day for their result to matter. After 80 minutes, with no score, Francis Lee played the ball towards former United player Denis Law who was standing with his back to goal. Law back-heeled the ball past goalkeeper Alex Stepney into the net. Law was immediately substituted and never played league football again. In the closing minutes of the match, United supporters invaded the pitch and forced an abandonment. However, the result stood, and other results meant that United would have still been relegated if the match had ended in a United win or a draw.
Law then retired from playing and United returned to the First Division the next season.
The 1980s began with a 2–2 draw at Old Trafford between the two sides on 27 September 1980. It was the beginning of a relatively frustrating season in the league for United, while City dismissed manager Malcolm Allison soon afterwards and improved in the league under his successor John Bond, also reaching the FA Cup Final.
By 1982–83, however, any suggestions that City were a better side than United were silenced as United finished third in the league and won the FA Cup, while City were relegated. The Old Trafford derby on 23 October 1982 ended in a 2–2 draw, but United won the return game at Maine Road 2–1 on 5 March 1983.
City regained their First Division status for the 1985–86 season, and hosted United at Maine Road on 14 September 1985. United won this game 3–0, to extend their winning start to the league season to eight games. They would go onto win all of their opening 10 games and lead the First Division table into the new year, but eventually finished fourth. Although City finished low in the league this season, they did come to Old Trafford on 22 March 1986 and hold the hosts to a 2–2 draw, costing them two vital points as their title hopes continued to fade.
1986–87 brought relegation for City, while United finished 11th in a season which saw them replace Ron Atkinson with Alex Ferguson as manager on 6 November 1986. One of Atkinson's last games in charge of United was the visit to Maine Road in the league on 25 October, which ended in a 1–1 draw. Alex Ferguson first faced City as United manager on 10 January 1987 in the third round of the FA Cup, which United won 1–0. The league clash at Old Trafford came on 7 March 1987, which United won 2–0 to continue their improvement in form under Ferguson and push City closer to eventual relegation.
The 1980s ended on a high note for City as they won promotion back to the First Division in 1989 and were paired with United for the derby match at Maine Road on 23 September 1989, just weeks into the 1989–90 season. City defeated United 5–1, but this would be their last win over United for 13 years.
Peter Schmeichel, who played for both United and City, can claim an unbeaten record in derby games – United were unbeaten during his eight years at Old Trafford, while in his single season at Maine Road, City beat United at home and picked up a point at Old Trafford.
However, in the 1990s, United dominated the fixture, going unbeaten in derbies for the full decade. In 1990–91, with both Manchester clubs competing in the top half of the table but not looking like real title contenders, the Maine Road clash in October delivered a pulsating 3–3 draw, but the return match at Old Trafford in early May saw United win 1–0 and the only goal of the game came from 17-year-old winger Ryan Giggs, scoring for the first time in his career. The 1991–92 derbies were uneventful – a goalless draw at Maine Road in mid-November and a 1–1 draw at Old Trafford in early April.
The first Manchester derby following the creation of the Premier League for the 1992–93 season was a 2–1 win for United at Old Trafford on 6 December 1992. Making his United debut on that day was new signing Eric Cantona, who would go on to score eight goals in Manchester derbies over the next four seasons – the first in the return match at Maine Road that March which ended in a 1–1 draw. 1993–94 saw one of the finest Manchester derbies ever, when United overturned a 2–0 deficit at Maine Road to win 3–2, with Eric Cantona scoring twice. Cantona scored a double on St George's Day as United won 2–0 at Old Trafford. Cantona was on target again in the next Manchester derby in November 1994, though it was Andrei Kanchelskis who stole the show with a hat-trick in a 5–0 win. United won the return game 3–0 at Maine Road three months later. 1995–96 was the last season of the millennium which brought a Manchester derby, as City were relegated at the end of the season. The first derby of the season came at Old Trafford in mid-October with a 1–0 win for United in which Paul Scholes, still only 20, scored the only goal of the game and only a string of superb saves from United goalkeeper Peter Schmeichel prevented City from gaining a surprise win. The return game in early April saw United win 3–2 at Maine Road, with yet another goal from Cantona, who had netted a highly controversial penalty after Uwe Rosler had put City 1–0 FA Cup fifth round two months earlier, which United went onto win 2–1.
Three years later, in the first Old Trafford derby of the new millennium in April 2001, saw the culmination of a long-standing feud between Roy Keane and Alf-Inge Håland, which Keane received a red card for making a knee-high tackle on Håland. The feud started in 1998, when United captain Keane suffered a cruciate ligament injury when clean through on goal, being chased down by Håland (then playing for Leeds, a team that also have an unpleasant rivalry with United). As Keane lay on the ground, Håland accused him of feigning injury. The game ended in a 1–1 draw; United were already league champions and City's two dropped points brought them closer to eventual relegation, which was confirmed in the penultimate game of the season. It was the first time in nine years that City had come away from Old Trafford unbeaten, and the first time in eight years that they had been unbeaten by United home or away in any competition.
In his autobiography, published in 2002, Keane admitted that the challenge was a premeditated attempt to injure, an admission which resulted in a £150,000 fine and a five-match ban during the autumn of that year.
On 9 November 2002, City, managed by Kevin Keegan, won the last ever derby at Maine Road 3–1, with Shaun Goater scoring his 100th and 101st goals for the club, and Nicolas Anelka scoring the other. This was City's first win over United since the 5–1 victory in 1989, ending a 13-year barren run for the blue half of Manchester. City would later go on to draw at Old Trafford in the same season 1–1, Shaun Goater again scoring the goal. This was the first season since 1991–92 that City had been unbeaten by United in either of their league meetings.
Goater also had a second goal disallowed for handball, which would have handed City their first derby double over United since 1970 and their first win at Old Trafford since the "Denis Law game" of 1974. City followed this up by winning the first ever derby match at their new stadium, the City of Manchester Stadium, 4–1, with goals from Robbie Fowler, Jon Macken, Trevor Sinclair and Shaun Wright-Phillips.
The 2007–08 derby games were both won by Manchester City, 1–0 at the City of Manchester Stadium on 19 August 2007, and 2–1 at Old Trafford on 10 February 2008 (four days after the 50th anniversary of the Munich air disaster; a well-observed one minute silence preceded the match). Darius Vassell and Benjani Mwaruwari scored for City in the 24th and 45th minutes respectively, and Michael Carrick scored a consolation goal for United in the 90th minute. It was the first time since April 1974 that City had beaten United in the league at Old Trafford and the first time they had won both league derby games since the 1969–70 season. United prevented City from winning a third consecutive derby match in the first derby of the 2008–09 season, Wayne Rooney scoring the game's only goal. Cristiano Ronaldo was sent off in the same game for a bizarre handball. Ronaldo and Carlos Tevez then scored in the return match at Old Trafford to give United a 2–0 win.
The seasons following City's big money takeover, in 2008–09, saw two well-contested semi-final fixtures (League Cup and FA Cup) between the clubs. Controversy was generated prior to the start of the 2009–10 season, when City signed Carlos Tevez after his contract with United ended, and erected a billboard reading "Welcome to Manchester" at the top of Deansgate. The billboard provoked Alex Ferguson into claiming City were a "small club with a small mentality" and subsequently called them "noisy neighbours" during the season.
The 2009–10 season featured some tense matches, including two League Cup semi-final legs. Alex Ferguson proclaimed the 2009–10 Manchester derby at Old Trafford as "probably [...] the best derby of all time". Manchester United won this game 4–3 after Manchester City had equalised three times only for Michael Owen to score the winning goal after 95 minutes. The match was voted the greatest Premier League game at the Premier League 20 Seasons Awards in 2012. The sides were drawn against each other in the League Cup semi-finals, meaning a further two games. City won the first leg 2–1 after overturning a 1–0 deficit made by Ryan Giggs with goals from Carlos Tevez. United went 2–0 up in the second leg via Paul Scholes and Michael Carrick before Tevez made it 2–1, levelling the tie and setting the game up for extra time. However, Rooney scored a stoppage time header which won the tie for United and took them to their second consecutive League Cup final. On 17 April 2010, United beat City 1–0 thanks to a 90th minute Scholes goal, but the victory was to little avail as it was not enough to help United chase Chelsea down to win the Premier League title, pipping United by a point.
The 2010–11 season featured three Manchester derbies, with one victory for United, one draw and one victory for City. The victory for United was at Old Trafford, where Wayne Rooney defined the game through a spectacular bicycle kick, this game gave United some space to overcome the rest of the season and get their 19th league title. City's win came in the FA Cup semi-final, knocking United out on the way to their ninth FA Cup Final, and their first trophy since 1976. Consequently the Community Shield that began the 2011–12 season was a Manchester derby, as United won the league the same day City won the FA Cup, 14 May. United won the Community Shield 3–2 at Wembley, coming from two goals behind to clinch the Shield in stoppage time.
On 23 October 2011, Manchester City beat United 6–1 at Old Trafford, giving the latter their first defeat of the season. Jonny Evans was sent off in the 47th minute after fouling Mario Balotelli, with the score at 1–0 to City. United pulled a goal back at 3–0 down before three goals for City sealed their victory. The 6–1 score was the biggest defeat suffered by Manchester United against City at Old Trafford since the 5–0 loss in 1955. It was also the first time since 1926 that City had scored six at Old Trafford, when the score that day also finished 6–1.
United and City met for the second time in the season in the third round of the FA Cup, resulting in a 3–2 win for United. The scoring opened in the tenth minute as Wayne Rooney headed neatly past stand-in keeper Costel Pantilimon, before Vincent Kompany received a red card in the 12th minute for a challenge on Nani. United went 3–0 up by half time, and successfully battled off a second half comeback from City in which they scored twice. The game was notable for the re-emergence of Paul Scholes, who came out of retirement and replaced Nani in the 59th minute.
City beat United 1–0 at the City of Manchester Stadium on 30 April 2012 with Vincent Kompany scoring a header just before the half time whistle. There was also a spat between City boss Roberto Mancini and Alex Ferguson after a challenge on Danny Welbeck by Nigel de Jong. Ferguson claimed that Mancini harangued the fourth official Mike Jones throughout the match, while Mancini laughed off the incident, sarcastically claiming Ferguson never talks to, or harangues the referee –  an offence Ferguson has been found guilty of on numerous occasions, most recently in 2011 for which he received a five-match ban. Consequently, the win put City top of the league on goal difference after being 8 points behind in the league in March. Only two wins against Newcastle United and Queens Park Rangers were required for City to win the league, which they subsequently achieved. City ultimately won the last six league matches to clinch the league title on goal difference – the first time it was decided this way since 1989 and repeated the 1967–68 league season where Manchester City beat Manchester United to the title.
The first Manchester derby of the 2012–13 season was won by Manchester United in the dying minutes of the game. United went ahead with two early goals from Wayne Rooney, before City came back and levelled the match with goals from Yaya Touré and the equaliser from Pablo Zabaleta in the 86th minute. Robin van Persie scored from a free kick that took a deflection off of Samir Nasri in the 92nd minute, to seal the win and three points in the league. Manchester United's victory ended Manchester City's run of being unbeaten in 37 games. During the celebrations following the late winner by Robin van Persie, Rio Ferdinand was hit by a coin thrown by a fan, causing Ferdinand to suffer an injury near his left eye. Another fan invaded the pitch and attempted to confront Ferdinand, only to be restrained by Joe Hart. City won the second derby of the season at Old Trafford, the first time they had won two away derbies in a row since the 1970s.
The first Manchester derby of the 2013–14 season was won by City 4–1 at the City of Manchester Stadium on 22 September 2013. Sergio Agüero opened the scoring on the 16th minute followed by a goal from Yaya Touré just before half time. In the second half Agüero scored his second followed by a Samir Nasri goal three minutes later. Wayne Rooney scored a late free kick for United as a consolation goal. It was the first time in twenty-six years that the Derby had been contested by two new managers: Manuel Pellegrini for Manchester City and David Moyes for Manchester United. Manchester City went on to do the double over United with a third consecutive win at Old Trafford on 25 March 2014, and won the Premier League for the second time in three seasons.
As of 12 April 2015, there have been 169 competitive meetings between the teams. United have won 70 and City 49, the remaining 50 games finishing as draws.
The biggest victories have been to City who have won 6–1 on two occasions in the official league (both times in the away fixture at Old Trafford) on 23 January 1926 and 23 October 2011. But on 14 April 1941 during a war league derby match at Maine Rd, United beat City 7–1, which remains the biggest victory between the two sides overall, this result has been omitted as the official league was suspended but the derby still continued. Both teams have won 5–0 once (City in 1955, United in 1994). The largest attendance for a Manchester derby was 78,000 on 20 September 1947, a time when both clubs were playing at Maine Road, as Old Trafford was being repaired following damage sustained in the Second World War.
|Competition||City wins||Draws||United wins|
|Wayne Rooney||Manchester United||11|
|Joe Hayes||Manchester City||10|
|Francis Lee||Manchester City||10|
|Bobby Charlton||Manchester United||9|
|Sergio Aguero||Manchester City||8|
|Colin Bell||Manchester City||8|
|Eric Cantona||Manchester United||8|
|Brian Kidd||Manchester United
|Joe Spence||Manchester United||8|
|Paul Scholes||Manchester United||7|
|Dennis Viollet||Manchester United||7|
all statistics exclude the abandoned match from the 1960–61 season
City won their first honour in 1904 with victory in the FA Cup and United in 1908 with the Football League First Division title. There have been three occasions where City and United, finished champions and runners-up in the league, the 1967–68, 2011–12, 2012–13 seasons. On the first two occasions City pipped United to the title in the last game of the season, with both teams going into their final games level on points. The latest occasion United finished 11 points clear to clinch their 20th title. Three semi-finals (two in the FA Cup and one in the Football League Cup) have been played between both clubs, but they have never met in the final of any senior competition.
- Table correct as of 12 May 2014
|Team||League||FA Cup||League Cup||Community Shield||European Cup||UEFA Cup||Cup Winners' Cup||European Super Cup||Intercontinental Cup||Club World Cup||Total|
(Charity/Community Shields includes shared honours after a drawn match, as per competition regulations prior to 1993)
Manchester United = 16 outright, 4 shared
A large number of non-competitive Manchester derbies have taken place. The majority of these occurred during the Second World War, when a total of 44 matches were played between the teams. In recent years, non-competitive matches between the teams have generally been testimonials, such as those for Paul Lake and Denis Irwin. In 1978, for Colin Bell's testimonial, players from City and United lined up side by side against a combined Liverpool and Everton team in a Manchester v Merseyside fixture.
Matches between non-first team sides representing the Manchester clubs also have an element of rivalry, with occasions when the reserve teams meet sometimes referred to as "mini-derbies". This term is also used in reference to when supporters' offshoot clubs (Maine Road F.C. and F.C. United of Manchester) meet. The two clubs have met twice, in the 2006–07 season, with FC United winning the inaugural match 2–1 away at Bower Fold, Stalybridge, in front of 3,181 spectators. United also won the second game 3–0 at Gigg Lane, Bury in a game watched by 3,605. A friendly in 2009 saw Maine Road win 2–1.
Manchester City vs Manchester United
Manchester United vs Manchester City
|3 October 1891†||North Road||5–1||FA Cup First Round Qualifying||11,000|
|27 March 1926||Bramall Lane||0–3||FA Cup Semi-Final||46,450|
|24 February 1955||Maine Road||2–0||FA Cup 4th Round||75,000|
|24 October 1956||Maine Road||0–1||FA Charity Shield||30,495|
|3 December 1969||Maine Road||2–1||League Cup Semi-Final 1st Leg||55,799|
|17 December 1969||Old Trafford||2–2||League Cup Semi-Final 2nd Leg||63,418|
|24 January 1970||Old Trafford||3–0||FA Cup 4th Round||63,417|
|9 October 1974||Old Trafford||1–0||League Cup 3rd Round||55,169|
|12 November 1975||Maine Road||4–0||League Cup 4th Round||50,182|
|10 January 1987||Old Trafford||1–0||FA Cup 3rd Round||54,294|
|18 February 1996||Old Trafford||2–1||FA Cup 5th Round||42,692|
|14 February 2004||Old Trafford||4–2||FA Cup 5th Round||67,228|
|19 January 2010||City of Manchester||2–1||League Cup Semi-Final 1st Leg||46,067|
|27 January 2010||Old Trafford||3–1||League Cup Semi-Final 2nd Leg||74,576|
|16 April 2011||Wembley Stadium||1–0||FA Cup Semi-Final||86,549|
|7 August 2011||Wembley Stadium||2–3||FA Community Shield||77,169|
|8 January 2012||City of Manchester||2–3||FA Cup 3rd Round||46,808|
|United wins||Draws||City wins|
The first meeting between the sides in a national competition occurred in the first qualifying round of the 1891–92 FA Cup. In their early years the Manchester clubs sometimes regarded the FA Cup as a low priority. In the previous season Newton Heath named a reserve team for their tie against Bootle, and Ardwick withdrew from their second round tie at Haliwell, opting to play a friendly against Higher Walton instead. This time both clubs treated the match as a senior fixture. Newton Heath won 5–1 at North Road.
The second FA cup derby was a far more prestigious occasion — a semi-final at Sheffield United's Bramall Lane in 1926. City won 3–0, but were beaten in the final by Bolton Wanderers. 29 years later City overcame United 2–0 in the Fourth Round, and again reached the final only to be runners-up.
The first League Cup derby was in the 1969–70 season. City won a two-legged semi-final 4–3 on aggregate, and this win went on to win the competition. One month later the teams met once more, in the FA Cup Fourth Round. United avenged their earlier defeat with a 3–0 win. The clubs met in the League Cup twice more in the 1970s, both in the fourth round. In 1974–75 United won 1–0 at Old Trafford. This match is the only competitive derby to have occurred while the clubs were in different divisions. Manchester United were in the Second Division, having been relegated the previous season. The following season the teams met in the competition again, with United a First Division team once more. City won 4–0 at Maine Road, and went on to win the competition. However, the match also saw Colin Bell suffer a knee injury that eventually led to his retirement.
In the 34 years following City's triumph in 1975, only three cup fixtures occurred perhaps symbolising City's worst decline of their 130-year history. All three cup fixtures were in the FA Cup, all at Old Trafford and all won by United. The only cup derby of the 1980s was a 1–0 United win in the 1987 FA Cup Third Round. The next cup meeting was at Old Trafford in 1996, was decided by a hotly disputed penalty for United, described by The Independent as "like prosecuting someone for littering during a riot". Eight years later the next cup meeting was at Old Trafford in the FA Cup with United emerging victorious in an eventful 4–2 victory which saw Gary Neville sent-off for head-butting Steve McManaman.
Players who have played for both clubs
The first transfers of note between the clubs occurred in 1906. During the 1905–06 season City became embroiled in a financial scandal, which resulted in the suspension of seventeen players, including most of the team that had won the 1904 FA Cup Final. United signed four of these players: Billy Meredith, Sandy Turnbull, Herbert Burgess and Jimmy Bannister. All four were subsequently part of the team which won United's first major trophy, the 1908 league championship.
In recent years, direct transfers between the clubs have been rare. Carlos Tevez joined City in 2009 having spent the previous two seasons at United. City then produced billboard posters featuring Tevez and the slogan "Welcome to Manchester".
|Player||Manchester City career||Manchester United career|
Played for one, managed the other
Matt Busby made more than 200 appearances for Manchester City in the 1920s and 1930s, winning an FA Cup medal in 1934. Immediately after the Second World War, Busby became Manchester United manager, completely transforming the club in a 24-year tenure. With United he won a European Cup, five league titles and two FA Cups, and rebuilt the team after eight players were killed in the Munich air disaster in 1958.
Steve Coppell played over 300 games as a right winger for United, winning the FA Cup in 1977. He became City manager in 1996, but resigned after only 32 days, becoming the shortest serving manager in the club's history.
|Matt Busby||Manchester City||1928–1936||226||14||Manchester United||1945–1969
|Steve Coppell||Manchester United||1975–1983||322||53||Manchester City||1996||6||2||1||3||33.33|
|Mark Hughes||Manchester United||1980–1986
Managed both clubs
Ernest Mangnall is the only man to have managed both clubs. He oversaw United's first national trophy wins, gaining two league titles and one FA Cup. In September 1912, Mangnall agreed to join City, but remained in charge of United for two more games. His final match in charge of United was a derby, which his new employers City won 1–0. He signed Billy Meredith for United from City in 1906, and did the same again in 1921, but in the opposite direction. Off the field, he played an important role in both United's move to Old Trafford in 1910 and City's move to Maine Road in 1923.
|Manager||Manchester City career||Manchester United career|
|Span||G||W||D||L||Win %||Span||G||W||D||L||Win %|
- Buckley, Andy; Burgess, Richard (2000). Blue Moon Rising: The Fall and Rise of Manchester City. Bury: Milo. ISBN 0-9530847-4-4.
- Cawley, Steve; James, Gary (1991). The Pride of Manchester – A history of the Manchester derby matches. Leicester: ACL Polar. ISBN 0-9514862-1-7.
- Heatley, Michael; Welch, Ian (1996). The Great Derby Matches – Manchester United v Manchester City. Shepperton: Dial House. ISBN 0-7110-2390-5.
- James, Gary; Mellor, Keith (1989). From Maine Men To Banana Citizens. Temple Press.
- James, Gary (2006). Manchester City – The Complete Record. Derby: Breedon. ISBN 1-85983-512-0.
- James, Gary (2008). Manchester – A Football History. Halifax: James Ward. ISBN 978-0-9558127-0-5.
- Penney, Ian (1995). The Maine Road Encyclopedia. Edinburgh: Mainstream. ISBN 1-85158-710-1.
- Whittell, Ian (1994). Manchester City Greats. Edinburgh: John Donald. ISBN 0-85976-352-8.
- Gary James, Manchester: The Greatest City (Polar Publishing, 2002), p.12.
- Toovey, Paul (2009). Manchester City – The Birth of the Blues 1880–1894. Stockport: Paul Toovey. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-9561910-0-7.
- James, Gary (2008). Manchester – A Football History. Halifax: James Ward. pp. 71–72. ISBN 978-0-9558127-0-5.
- ""A quick look back"". Manchester City v Manchester United match programme. 30 September 1967. p. 17.
- Ward, The Manchester City Story, p. 14.
- James, Manchester – A Football History, pp. 117–9
- Cawley & James, The Pride of Manchester, p. 41.
- Gary James & Keith Mellor, From Maine Men To Banana Citizens (Temple Press, 1989), p8.
- Steve Cawley & Gary James, The Pride of Manchester – A History of the Manchester Derby (ACL & Polar Publishing, 1991), p320.
- Gary James, Manchester: The Greatest City (Polar Publishing, 2002), 283.
- "Derby day memories: Lou Macari". Manchester Evening News (MEN Media). 8 February 2005. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
- "From the Vault: Manchester City beat United 5-1". The Guardian (London). 23 September 2009.
- "Man City a small club – Ferguson". bbc.co.uk. 26 July 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
- Ducker, James (21 September 2009). "Sir Alex Ferguson stokes up hostilities with Manchester City after derby victory". The Times (London).
- "Boss Ferguson hails 'best derby'". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 20 September 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- "Ferguson hails 'best ever derby'". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 20 September 2009. Retrieved 20 September 2009.
- "Manchester derby wins 20 Seasons Best Match". Premier League. 12 May 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- McCarra, Kevin (30 April 2012). "Manchester City 1–0 Manchester United". The Guardian (London).
- "Man City boss Roberto Mancini reacts to Sir Alex Ferguson jibe". BBC Sport. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- Slater, Matt (17 March 2011). "Sir Alex Ferguson handed five-match ban for outburst". BBC News. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "Opponents: Manchester United". Mcfcstats.com derby statistics. Retrieved 23 December 2005.
- Julian Baskcomb & Julia Byrne (eds.) Manchester City Official Handbook 1997–98 (Polar, 1997), pp.99–101
- "Club History - Manchester City FC". Manchester City. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "Trophy Room". Manchester United. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "The Shield – A brief history".
- "Reds mini derby revenge mission". Manchester Evening News (MEN Media). 11 May 2004. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
- "Match Report1". fc-utd.co.uk. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- "Match Report2". fc-utd.co.uk. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- Cowley & James, The Pride of Manchester, p. 290.
- Toovey, Manchester City – The Birth of the Blues 1880–1894, p. 109.
- Heatley & Welch, The Great Derby Matches – Manchester United v Manchester City, p. 33.
- Cowley & James, The Pride of Manchester, p. 297.
- Cowley & James, The Pride of Manchester, p. 304.
- Heatley & Welch, The Great Derby Matches – Manchester United v Manchester City, p. 59.
- whitell, Manchester City Greats, p. 95.
- Cowley & James, The Pride of Manchester, p. 298.
- Moore, Glenn (15 February 1996). "Sharpe rounds off United's lucky day". London: The Independent. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- "Man Utd 4–2 Man City". BBC. 14 February 2004. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- James, Manchester – A Football History, p.116.
- Wilson, Steve (18 July 2009). "Manchester City taunt Manchester United with Carlos Tevez 'welcome' poster". Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 3 November 2010.
- James, Manchester City – The Complete Record, pp. 202–3.
- Buckley and Burgess, Blue Moon Rising, p. 132.
- "Roller-coaster years". BBC. 7 May 2001. Retrieved 14 October 2007.
- Penney, The Maine Road Encyclopedia, p. 129.
- James, Manchester City – The Complete Record, p. 238.
- James, Manchester – A Football History, p. 384.