Manchester station group

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"Manchester railway station" redirects here. For the station in Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts, see Manchester (MBTA station).
A ticket from Manchester Stns to Preston. Any route is permitted so the passenger has a choice of embarking from either Piccadilly, Oxford Road or Deansgate on the First TransPennine Express North West route or the Northern Rail route, or from Victoria by Northern Rail.

The Manchester station group is station group of four train stations in Manchester city centre, England consisting of Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Victoria and Deansgate. The station group is printed on national rail tickets as MANCHESTER STNS. For commuters in Greater Manchester the four stations are printed as MANCHESTER CTLZ.

All four stations will be directly connected by the Ordsall Chord which will be completed in 2017, reducing journey times and allowing for greater flexibility between stations. The Manchester station group does not include Manchester Airport station, nor does it include Salford Central station which was part of the Manchester station group until 1989. Some routes stop at multiple stations in the group such the First TransPennine Northwest route which calls at Deansgate, Oxford Road and Piccadilly.

It is permitted that rail passengers may board or disembark at any one of these four stations.[1] Local rail passengers from Greater Manchester who travel into Manchester city centre on the train may use Metrolink tram services in the City Zone (between Deansgate-Castlefield, New Islington and Victoria) provided the destination on the orange rail ticket is MANCHESTER CTLZ and on the correct date. National visitors from outside Greater Manchester with MANCHESTER STNS as the destination are not permitted to use Metrolink as it is a locally funded transport service by TfGM and receives no national government subsidy.[2]

Use on Metrolink[edit]

Greater Manchester passengers[edit]

Passengers who travel on rail services from the Greater Manchester area into one of the four Manchester stations will be issued with a ticket stating the destination as Manchester CTLZ as opposed to Manchester Picc or Manchester Vic. This allows visitors to use Metrolink trams between stations in the City Zone for free on the presentation of a Manchester CTLZ rail ticket.[3][4] The Freedom of the City scheme was introduced in 2005 by GMPTE, now Transport for Greater Manchester.[5] The City Zone includes eight Metrolink stations:

National Rail passengers[edit]

Passengers travelling into Manchester from outside the Greater Manchester county are not permitted to use rail tickets to travel around the city centre on the Metrolink. As a consequence the destination on the orange rail tickets is stated as Manchester STNS. The Manchester Metrolink is a locally funded transport system which receives no national subsidy from central government. National Rail passengers can alternatively use the free Metroshuttle bus situated outside stations to get around the city centre.[4]

Future[edit]

A map of the stations in the group and future improvements as part of the Northern Hub.

Many journeys which call at Manchester stations slow down due to the populated nature of Greater Manchester and congested routes; Network Rail have described it as a 'bottleneck'. In 2010 the Manchester hub study was released with a series of proposals to decreasing journey times.

Central to the plan is the Ordsall Chord which will link all four of Manchester's main stations. Two new through platforms will be built at Piccadilly and Victoria will be upgraded. The implementation of the Northern Hub proposals would reduce journey times to and from Liverpool by 15 minutes, Leeds by 15 minutes and Sheffield by 5.[6]

Exchange Square Metrolink station, currently under construction, is a new stop which will be in the City Zone once it opens in 2015.

Stations[edit]

In Use[edit]

Station Image Location Managed by National services Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2009/10[7]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2010/11[7]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2011/12[7]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2012/13[7]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2013/14[7]
Open
date
Terminal
platforms[1]
Through
platforms[2]
Category
Deansgate Knott Mill Station - geograph.org.uk - 1447337.jpg Deansgate Northern Rail Northern Rail
TransPennine Express
Increase 0.300 Increase 0.322 Increase 0.347 Increase 0.350 Increase 0.370 1886 0 2 D
Oxford Road Oxford Road timber roof.jpg Oxford Road Northern Rail Northern
TransPennine Express
Trains Wales
East Midlands
Increase 6.650 Increase 7.116 Decrease 7.077 Increase 7.149 Increase 7.555 1849 1 (none from 2018 - see Northern Hub) 4 C1
Piccadilly Piccadilly Station Manchester - geograph.org.uk - 692981.jpg Piccadilly Network Rail Virgin Trains
Northern Rail
TransPennine Express
East Midlands
CrossCountry
Trains Wales
Increase 19.841 Increase 21.279 Decrease 18.584 Increase 23.158 Increase 24.476 1842 12 2 (4 from 2018 - see Northern Hub) A
Victoria Manchester Victoria station 19-10-2009 12-11-47kopie.jpg Hunts Bank Northern Rail
(Network Rail from 2016)
Northern Rail
TransPennine Express
Increase 6.146 Increase 6.667 Increase 6.782 Increase 6.851 Increase 7.241 1844 2 4 B
Total Increase 32.937 Increase 35.384 Decrease 32.079 Increase 37.508 Increase 39.642 15 12

Closed[edit]

A map of Manchester railway junctions and stations in 1910.

One of the first inter-city railway stations in the world was Manchester Liverpool Road station on Liverpool Street. On 15 September 1830, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway opened and services terminated at the station. Part of the station frontage remains, as does the goods warehouse. Both of these structures are Grade I protected and are part of the Museum of Science and Industry.

All four of Manchester's termini (Piccadilly, Mayfield, Exchange and Victoria) were not recommended for closure in the first Beeching Report, but the reduced rail traffic caused by the closure of other railway lines meant services were transferred to Piccadilly and Victoria.[8] Consequently trains to Exchange and Central stations were withdrawn; the latter was granted Grade II* and later converted into an arena and exhibition centre.

Station Image Location Managed by Open
date
Closed
date
Terminal
platforms[3]
Through
platforms[4]
Notes
Central Manchester Central Arena.jpg Castlefield London Midland Region of British Railways 1886 1969 9 0 Closed as part of the Beeching cuts in 1969. Now used as a conference and exhibition centre. Was shortlisted for High Speed 2 terminus.
Exchange Manchester Exchange 3 railway station 2116696 82c12e3b.jpg Salford London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1884 1969 0 5 Had the longest platform in the world.
Liverpool Road Liverpool Road railway station, Manchester.jpg Liverpool Street Liverpool and Manchester Railway 1830 1844 2 0 The first urban train station in the world
Mayfield Manchester Mayfield Station 3.jpg Piccadilly London and North Western Railway 1910 1960 (to passengers)
1986 (closed)
5 0 Located adjacent to Piccadilly. Station remains today and can been seen on approaching Piccadilly.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FAQs - I have bought a train ticket that states Manchester Stations as the destination. Can I use this on the Metrolink in the city centre?". Metrolink. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  2. ^ "Freedom of Information - Subsidies and passenger numbers for National Rail, Manchester Metrolink and London Underground". gov.uk. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  3. ^ "Free Travel on the Metrolink". TfGM. p. 4. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  4. ^ a b "Freedom of the City". TfGM. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  5. ^ "Free tram rides for train riders". BBC News. 28 October 2005. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  6. ^ "Northern Hub". Network Rail. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Station usage". Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "Manchester Exchange". Retrieved 2013-02-09.