Sjøsanden, a beach in Mandal
Mandal within Vest-Agder
|• Mayor (2007)||Tore Askildsen (KrF) (Frp)|
|• Total||222 km2 (86 sq mi)|
|• Land||210 km2 (80 sq mi)|
|Area rank||319 in Norway|
|• Rank||72 in Norway|
|• Density||66/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||8.1 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1002|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
Mandal (help·info) is a town and municipality in Vest-Agdercounty, Norway. It is the second largest city by population in Vest-Agder after Kristiansand and the fourth largest city in Sørlandet or Agder. Mandalselva is a salmon river that flows through the town and has its river mouth outside town. Mandal has many small, white-painted wooden houses, which is typical of towns at the South Coast of Norway (Sørlandet). The administrative center of the municipality is the town of Mandal.
Mandal borders Lindesnes to the west and northwest, Marnardal to the north, Søgne to the east. It is the southernmost town of Norway and the skerry Pysen (south of the town) is the southernmost point of land.
Besides Mandal proper, Mandal municipality includes the villages (delområde) of Bykjernen, Skjebstad, Sånum-Lundevik, Skogsfjord-Hesland, Holum, Harkmark, Skinsnes-Ime, Tregde-Skjernøy.
The Old Norse form of the presant name Mandal was Marnardalr. The first element is the genitive case of the river name Mǫrn (now Mandalselva) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale".
The old name of the town (before 1653) was Vesterrisør ("western Risør"). The name was originally referring to the island Risøya outside the town, and the first element was added in the 16th century to distinguish it from the town of Østerrisør.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 2 July 1921. The arms show three salmon, symbolizing the importance of salmon fishing on the Mandalselva. Mandal is the southernmost municipality with a large salmon population. Salmon fishing also played a major role in the development of the village.
Mandal is a very popular holiday resort, with its mild and refreshing summer climate. It is famous for its long-stretching beaches surrounding the town. Sjøsanden (The Sea Sand) is the most famous beach, as it stretches for almost a kilometre just outside the town centre. It is frequently ranked as one of Norway's most popular beaches.
The city center is known for its charming concentration of old, white wooden houses and the Mandal river running through it. Another attraction is the city's church: Mandal kirke. It is the largest wooden church in Norway, with 1,800 seats and a pulpit on the wall behind the altar.
The painter Adolph Tidemand (1814–1876) was also born in Mandal. His most famous painting is the national romantic image of a traditional wedding on the Hardanger fjord, which he made together with Hans Gude.
Business and Transport
Mandal is famous for its shipbuilding and engineering industries. There was much trade in sailing ships, where the natural harbor of Kleven at Gismerøya was used. Large yard providing ships and marine equipment in Norway and abroad are Westermoen Hydrofoil and Båtservice yard at Skogfjorden, the later Umoe Mandal.
Moreover, the textile industry has been substantial, with several manufacturing companies that had at most 2-300 employees.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Mandal is twinned with:
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 27 September 2008.
- Buen, official homepage (Norwegian)
- Fant runestein i hagen, Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, 29 September 2009; Kan ha funnet til nå ukjent runestein Verdens Gang, 28 September 2009.
- Lindquist, Ted. "Internationella frågor och vänorter". Oskarshamn Municipality (in Swedish). Retrieved 2013-07-25.
- Media related to Mandal at Wikimedia Commons
- The dictionary definition of Mandal at Wiktionary
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
- Vest-Agder travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Mandal travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Photograph of Hogganvik runestone with colored runes
- Some Photographs of Mandal in August 1986, including the Lodsen Restaurant