National Languages Committee
|National Languages Committee|
|Literal meaning||National Language(s) Promotion Committee|
|Name at creation|
|Literal meaning||Preparatory Commission for the Unification of the National Language|
|Literal meaning||Preparatory Committee for the Unification of the National Language|
The National Languages Committee was established by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of China with the purpose of standardizing and popularizing the usage of Mandarin in the Republic of China. The Committee was known in English as the Mandarin Promotion Council or the National Languages Promotion Committee until 2003, but the Chinese name has not changed.
It was created as the Preparatory Commission for the Unification of the National Language by the Republic (then still based in Nanjing) on April 21, 1919. On December 12, 1928, the Commission was renamed to the Preparatory Committee for the Unification of the National Language, headed by Woo Tsin-hang and had 31 members. The Committee was revived in 1983 as the Mandarin Promotion Council based on Taiwan.
The decisions reached by the Council include:
- Changing the first- and second-grade textbook titles from Guowen (國文 "National Script") to Guoyu (國語 "National language"), on January 24, 1920
- Publishing the Guoyin Zidian (國音字典 "National Pronunciation Dictionary") edited by Woo Tsin-hang, on December 24, 1920. The Guoyin Zidian later became the Guoyu Cidian (國語辭典), a comprehensive online and CD-ROM Traditional Chinese Mandarin dictionary.
- Gwoyeu Romatzyh (1928–1984)
- Mandarin Phonetic Symbols II (1984–2002)
- Tongyong Pinyin (2002–2008)
- Hanyu Pinyin (starting on January 1, 2009)
Since the Taiwanization movement took hold in government, the Committee also handles:
- Researching mainland Chinese Mandarin usages
- Researching aboriginal Taiwanese languages.
- Researching other varieties of Chinese or languages like Hakka, and Taiwanese Hokkien
- Kaplan, Robert (2008). Language Planning and Policy in Asia: Japan, Nepal, Taiwan and Chinese Characters 1. Multilingual Matters. p. 286.
- "教育部重編國語辭典修訂本". 中華民國教育部. 1994. Retrieved 2010-05-16.