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For other uses, see Mandau (disambiguation).
The Mandau near Zittau

The 40.9 km long Mandau (Czech: Mandava) is a river in Bohemia (Czech Republic) and Saxony (Germany).

It originates from multiple springs north of the 580.6m (1902 feet AMSL) Wolf Mountain (Czech: Vlčí hora, German: Wolfsberg) in the Šluknov Hook, which join in Panský (German: Herrnwalde) at 1690 feet above sea level. Coming from Zahrady (German: Gärten) another stream joins in Nové Křečany (Neu Ehrenberg). From there the Mandau flows in a southeasterly direction through Rumburk (Rumburg; Bohemia), Seifhennersdorf (Saxony, Upper Lusatia) and Varnsdorf (Warnsdorf; Bohemia). Afterwards it flows eastwards through another part of Upper Lusatia in which the Lausur joins in Großschönau, from Hainewalde through the Roschertal to Mittelherwigsdorf, where the Landwasser joins, and finally it reaches Zittau where it flows east of the town 747 feet above sea level into the Lusatian Neisse.

Coordinates: 50°54′N 14°50′E / 50.900°N 14.833°E / 50.900; 14.833