Maner Sharif

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Maner Sharif
मनेर शरीफ़
city
Maner Sharif is located in Bihar
Maner Sharif
Maner Sharif
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°39′N 84°53′E / 25.65°N 84.88°E / 25.65; 84.88Coordinates: 25°39′N 84°53′E / 25.65°N 84.88°E / 25.65; 84.88
Country  India
State Bihar
District Patna
Elevation 54 m (177 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 26,912
Languages
 • Official MagadhiHindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website patna.nic.in

Maner Sharif is a small town in Bihar state, India. It is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Patna on National Highway 30. The town has tombs of Sufi saints Makhdoom Yahya Maneri and Makhdoom Shah Daulat, known as Bari Dargah (the great shrine) and Chhoti Dargah (the small shrine).

History[edit]

Makhdoom Shah Daulat died in Maner Sharif in 1608 and Ibrahim Khan, Governor of Bihar, built a mausoleum to him that was completed in 1616.[1]

Choti Dargah - 1780s painting

The domed mausoleum's walls are adorned with intricate designs and its ceiling has passages from the Qur'an. Maner Sharif also has a mosque constructed by Ibrahim Khan in 1619.[2] Maner Sharif was a regional centre of learning and is where the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini studied.

Maner is known for its variant of laddu made with ghee and promoted by local vendors as being made using the sugar-sweet waters of the Sone river. Maner laddu featured in the Bollywood movie Khudgarz.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Maner had a population of 26,912, consisting of 53% male and 47% female citizens. Maner has an average literacy rate of 52%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 61%, and female literacy is 42%. In Maner, 19% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Politics[edit]

Srikant Nirala of RJD won the Maner seat (assembly constituency no. 192) defeating Sacchidanand Rai of JD(U) in October 2005 and February 2005. Bhai Birendra of SAP defeated Srikat Nirala of RJD in 2000. Srikant Nirala representing Janata Dal defeated Bhai Birendra (Independent) in 1995. Srikant Nirala representing Congress defeated Suryadeo Tyagi of Janata Dal in 1990. Rajmati devi representing Congress defeated Suryadeo Tyagi representing LKD in 1985. Ram Nagina Singh (Independent) defeated Suryadeo Tyagi of Janata Party (SC) in 1980. Suryadeo Tyagi representing Janata Party defeated Ram Nagina Singh representing Congress in 1977.[4]

Maner assembly constituency is part of Pataliputra (Lok Sabha constituency).[5]

187 Maner assembly constituency covers Maner community development block; and Aanandpur, Kateshar, Sikandarpur, Parev, Daulatpur Simri, Mushepur, Shri Rampur, Bihta, Dayalpur Daulatpur, Purshottampur Painathi, Bishunpura, Raghopur, Amhara, Kanchanpur Kharagpur, Sadisopur, Painal, Bela, Neora, Makhdoompur and Shri Chandpur gram panchayats of Bihta CD Block.[6]

Further reading[edit]

  • Encyclopaedia of Sufism (12 volumes edited by Mohammed Imran and Kamlesh) ISBN 81-261-1311-1

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://discoverbihar.bih.nic.in/pages/sufi_circuit.htm
  2. ^ http://www.fonsvitae.com/maneri.html
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "192 - Maner Assembly Constituency". Partywise Comparison Since 1977. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2009-06-05. [dead link]
  5. ^ "General Election 2009 Assembly constituencies". Pataliputra. India elections.co.in. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  6. ^ "Order No. 48, 2007". Delimitation Commission of India. Retrieved 2010-05-04. 

External links[edit]