Manevychi (Ukrainian: Маневичі; Polish: Maniewicze; German: Manewytschi; Yiddish: מנייביץ) is an urban-type settlement and the administrative center of Manevychi Raion in Volyn Oblast in the western Ukraine. Population: 10,582 (2013 population estimate).
The town originated from a railway station during the Kovel-Sarny railway construction in 1892. In 30 years of the twentieth century it grew rapidly due to the industrial development. In particular, this was based on a Belgian manufacturer of parquet factories La Chepelle. There were bakeries and small meat-processing plants, owned by Klimczuk family. There was also a small sawmill.
The town was predominantly inhabited by Jews (approx. 50%) and Poles (approx. 30%). There were also Ukrainians, Germans and several families from Bessarabia.
Almost the whole Jewish population of Manevychi was killed in 1942 during the World War II (the Manevichi Holocaust Jewish memorial is on the western outskirts of town towards the village Cherevakha); the Polish population was partly exterminated and deported by the Communists in 1939-41. Most Poles left the town after the war. Manevychi is mentioned in the Kresova book of the fair on the pages 53 and 58.
Railway Station (1905) Roman Catholic Church of the God’s Transfiguration (1934) Near Manevychi (at the highway Manevychi-Lutsk) there is a unique hydrological monument - Okonski Spring, known for its unique clean water with a special chemical composition. In the town there still stands a monument to Bolshevik leader Lenin-Ulyanov.
Roman Catholic Church of the Lord’s Transfiguration
Roman Catholic Parish of the Lord’s Transfiguration in Manevychi was formed in 1923. A wooden chapel served as Parish church that was built near the railroad in 1915 as a military chapel. In 1922-1926, its construction was completed. A new stone church was built in 1933-1937 at the expense of the churchgoers. The construction work was conducted by priest Boleslaw Jastrzebski (b. 1893, vysv. 1925, died. 1942). By the end of 1943 the church was operated newly arrived priest Edmund Domanski. After World War II the Soviet authorities closed the church, storing mineral salts in it. The salt, kept there for 40 years, led to inevitable destruction. The first Holy Mass in many years was held in 1990 on the steps of the ruined church by Jan Mucharski OFMCap. The church was returned to the faithful in 1992 after he rebuilt and restored it. Bishop Markijan Trofimiak, auxiliary Bishop of Lviv Archdiocese at that time, re-consecrated the church in Manevychi in June 4, 1995. Through the efforts of priest pralata Ludwik Kamilewski of Lutsk was built plebaniya. In 1992-1994 there was a prior bhp. Adam Halek, and in the years 1994-2001 hp. Kazimierz Boleslaw Zajac. In November 2001, the rector of the parish in Manevichi and Lubeshiv is cop. Andrzej Maciej Kwiczala.
Football club Legia Warsaw
In March 1916 the Polish Legion soldiers, which were stationed in the forests under Manevychi, created the first football team in the Polish army, giving it the name "Legion’s Wife" (Drużyna Legionowa). In autumn, 1916 it was transferred to Warsaw. On July 31, 1922, the team was reorganized in Legia Warsaw.” “Legia Warsaw" is the best club in the history of the Polish first league and is one of the most titled clubs in the Polish international sports arena.
In Manevychi there are a bricks plant, a state woodworking enterprise, and a private sawmill. There is a Ukrainian-Polish joint venture engaged in mushrooms and berries harvesting and exporting them to EU countries. Economic relations with Poland are being developed.
According to the latest National Census (2012), Manevychi’s population is 10.550 people.
The vast majority of the population are Ukrainians; the number of other nationalities is small.
As for the language of the population, the majority of the population according to the National Census of 2001 consider the Ukrainian language as their native language.
Notable people from Manevychi
- Josef Tarnowski (1922-2010), an intelligence officer for the Armia Krajowa after the Soviet Union invaded eastern Poland (now western Ukraine)
- "Чисельність наявного населення України" (in Ukrainian). State Service of Statistics. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
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