Mangala Valles based on THEMIS day-time image
|Naming||Word for "Mars" in Sanskrit.|
Mangala Valles is a complex system of criss-crossing channels on Mars, located in the Tharsis region originating in the Amazonian epoch. It is thought to be an outflow channel, carved by catastrophic and release of vast quantities of water across the Martian surface. This flooding was probably initiated by tectonic stretching and the formation of a graben at the channels' head, perhaps breaching a pressurized aquifer trapped beneath a thick "cryosphere" (layer of frozen ground) beneath the surface.
Mangala Valles contains several basins which filled, then the overflow went through a series of spillways.  One source of waters for the system was Memonia Fossae, but water also probably came from a large basin centered at 40 degrees S. 
"Mangala" comes from the word for Mars in Sanskrit.
- Michael H. Carr (2006). The surface of Mars. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-87201-0. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
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- ISBN 978-0-521-87501-0
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- Emrick, C. and R. De Hon. 1999. Flood discharge through Labou Vallis, Mars. Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf. XXX: Abstract #1893.
- Zimbelman, J. et al. 1992. Volatile history of Mangala Valles, Mars. J. Geophys. Res. 97: 18309-18317
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- Catalog Page for PIA03827
- The Planet Mars: A History of Observation and Discovery. Chapter 12: Mariner 9. University of Arizona Press
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