Mangalagiri

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Mangalagiri
మంగళగిరి
Mangalaadri
town
View of Mangalagiri town
View of Mangalagiri town
Mangalagiri is located in Andhra Pradesh
Mangalagiri
Mangalagiri
Coordinates: 16°26′N 80°33′E / 16.43°N 80.55°E / 16.43; 80.55Coordinates: 16°26′N 80°33′E / 16.43°N 80.55°E / 16.43; 80.55
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District Guntur
Established 1336 AD
Founded by Vijaya Nagara Kingdom
Elevation 29.08 m (95.41 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 231,981
 • Density 3,540/km2 (9,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 522 503
Telephone code 91-8645
Vehicle registration AP-07
A 21st century painting of Sri Panakala Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy

Mangalagiri (Telugu: మంగళగిరి) is a town, and a municipality of Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is situated between the cities of Guntur and Vijayawada on Chennai-Kolkata National highway. It is at 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) to the south-east of Vijayawada and 21 kilometres (13 mi) to the north-east of Guntur City. Mangalgiri is part of VGTM region and Vijayawada city urban agglomeration. [1]

History[edit]

Mangalagiri means "the holy hill". Near the foot of the stone flight of steps is a stone pillar with a Telugu inscription, recording grants of villages. It is dated to 1520 and mentions the capture of Kondavidu by Timmarasu, general of Krishna Deva Raya, in 1515 from the Gajapati rulers of Kalinga (ancient Odisha). Another stone near the temple of Garudalvar has inscriptions on four sides recording grants in the reign of Sadasiva Raya of Vijayanagara Empire 1538. The lofty gopuram in the temple at the foot of the hill was erected by Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu in 1807-1809, and in terms of sculpture and architecture this temple stands to be an ultimate testament for the ancient vishwakarma sthapathis in planning and sculpting these temples.

Mangalagiri was under the control of Golkonda Nawabs for a long period. It was plundered in 1780 by Hyder Ali but could not be conquered. In 1816, a gang of Pindaris again looted the place. It slowly recovered from these two attacks during the time of Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu who ruled the place from Amaravati. There is a big koneru (tank) in the center of the place which went dry in 1882. As many as 9,840 guns and 44 bullets which might have been related to Pindaris have been found here after the Pindaris looted this place.The picturesque hill was visited by the great Sri Krishna Deva Raya.

In the 1970s there was huge water scarcity in Mangalagiri. Goli Gopala Rao, the then municipal chairman of Mangalagiri, brought water to the town through water pipelines and he was called "Apara Baghiratha" due to his services to the public.

As the location of the town is etched amidst well developed cities of Guntur and Vijaywada, the real estate business has gone to peaks. The future capital of Andhra Pradesh is also proposed around Mangalagiri.

Geography[edit]

Main article: Mangalagiri mandal

Mangalagiri is located at 16°26′N 80°33′E / 16.43°N 80.55°E / 16.43; 80.55.[2] It has an average elevation of 29.08 metres (95.4 ft).

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 India census,[3] Mangalagiri had a population of 2,00,000. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Mangalagiri has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 59%. In Mangalagiri, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Climate[edit]

Average High and Low Temperature for Mangalagiri India

As per Köppen-Geiger climate classification system the climate in Mangalagiri is tropical. The average temperature is warm to hot around the year. Summer clothing suffices through most of the year. The summer season (especially during May/June) has the highest temperatures, but these are usually followed by monsoon rains in that season.

The winter season (from October to February) is the most enjoyable with a pleasant climate.Winter months may get more rainfall than summer but there are dry spells during the winter season. The wettest month is July. The average annual temperature is 28.5 C and The average annual rainfall is 1046 mm

Economy[edit]

Mangalagiri Sarees

The major occupations of Mangalagiri is an ancient institution of hand-woven fabrics. It produces the most exclusive sarees and dress-materials, having delicate and distinctive designs. Mangalagiri sarees have been conferred the Geographical Indication status by the Geographical Indication Registry, Chennai. Mangalagiri sarees and fabrics also made of pure and durable cotton are exclusive to the Mangalagiri region in the Guntur district of AP. The fabric is woven on a pit-loom and the Nizam border in the sarees. The handloom fabrics are soft and comfortable to wear and also suites all the climates.

Mangalagiri cotton is characterized by pure durable cotton, does not contain any weave designs on the body, Nizam borders, does not contain any gap in weaving the fabric which are unique characteristics of saris in Mangalagiri. The high cost of handloom fabrics is also limiting the marketability. The handloom industry is searching for a breakthrough for survival.

Twin Cities Status[edit]

Mangalagiri geographically falls in between the Twin cities of Vijayawada & Guntur, which directly becomes a pivot point of connectivity & development. All the development projects including the metro rail project make Mangalagiri a central point.

Transport[edit]

Mangalagiri Railway Station

Mangalagiri is located on National Highway No.5 that connects Kolkata and Chennai. One can reach Mangalagiri trough on road by a bus either from Vijayawada or Guntur or Tenali. It has also a railway station by the same name in Guntur-Vijayawada section of Guntur division under the South Central Railway.[4] The Indian Railways is one of the most convenient and efficient systems of commute for the people throughout India. Common modes of road transport within the city are cars, buses, and auto-rickshaws.

The closest international airport is located at Hyderabad (4.5 hours travel). Vijayawada Airport is the nearest domestic airport. This airport offers flights to Hyderabad, Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi and Jaipur. There is a proposal to build a more practical airport for the residents on the south-west side of Mangalagiri city but there is no news about the same.

Education[edit]

The town is having good quality schools, colleges and universities.

Universities and colleges[edit]

Tourism and places of interest[edit]

Religious tourism and sacred places[edit]

The auspicious hill of sri Panakala Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy

Mangalagiri means The Auspicious Hill.This place is one of the 8 important Mahakshetrams (sacred places) in India. The eight places where Lord Vishnu manifested himself are (1) Sri Rangam (2) Srimushnam (3) Naimisam (4) Pushkaram (5) Salagamadri (6) Thothadri (7) Narayanasramam (8) Venkatadri. Thotadri is the present Mangalagiri. Lakshmi Devi has donetapas on this hill. That's why it got this name (The auspicious hill). There are threeNarasimha Swamy temples in Mangalagiri. One is Panakala Narasimha Swamy on the hill. Another one is Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy at the foot of the temple. Third one is Gandala Narasimha Swamy at the top of the hill.This shape of the hill looks like an elephant. From all the directions, the hill appears in the elephant shape only. There is an interesting legend to show as to how the mountain came into existence. Pariyatra, an ancient king had a son Hrasva Srungi visited all holy and sacred places to regain normal bodily stature and finally visited this holy place of Mangalagiri and stayed for three years performing penance. All the Devathas (Gods) advised him to stay at Mangalagiri and continue to do penance in praise of Lord Vishnu. The father of Hrasva Srungi came with his retinue to take back his son to his kingdom. But Hrasva Srungi took the shape of an elephant to become the abode of Lord Vishnu who is locally known as Panakala Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy.

The temple of Lakshmi Narasimha swamy

Goddess Lakshmi has done penance on the hill present here. So, the town has got the name Mangalagiri meaning The Auspicious Hill. On the right side of the steps provided to reach the temple, there is a stone inscription by Sri Krishnadeva Raya of Vijayanagar and a little further up, the foot prints of Mahaprabhu Chaitanya are to be seen. Midway on the steps there is a temple of Lord Panakala Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy there is only the face with the mouth widely opened. A dhwajasthambham was erected in front of the temple in 1955. Behind the temple there is the temple of Sri Lakshmi, to the west of which there is a tunnel which is believed to lead to Undavalli caves on the banks of the Krishna. The stone inscription of the kings of Vijayanagar relate besides to the conquest of Rayalu over Kondapalli etc., The steps to the temple were constructed by Sri Channapragada Balaramadasu in 1890. There was a cave next the devi temple on the hill. It is said that, there is a way to Undavalli from that cave, and the sages used to go by that way to take bath in Krishna River. Now, the cave is very dark, and the way could not be seen.

Undavalli caves[edit]

Undavalli caves Side View

A short drive away from Mangalagiri and Vijayawada are the Undavalli caves, a striking specimen of Indian rock-cut architecture. The historic caves are located at the top of the high hills overlooking the Krishna River. Built during the 4th-5th century, their structure suggests that they were hewn out of solid rock on the hillside. Dedicated to Ananta Padmanabha Swamy and Narasimha Swamy, Undavalli Cave Temples are associated with the Vishnukundina kings. It is also believed that Buddhist monks used these caves as rest houses. A remarkable 5 metre long figure of Vishnu reclining on the serpent couch - Anantasayi is the focal point of the second storey of the Caves. The sculptures are testimony to the dexterity and skill of the artisans of the ancient times.[9]

Hinkar Thirtha Jain Temple

Hinkar Thirtha Jain Temple[edit]

Hinkar Thirtha Jain Temple can be categorised under Religious places and is a popular tourist place in Mangalagiri. This Hinkar Thirtha Jain Temple draws huge crowds from the places like Hyderabad, Vizag, Vijayawada, Guntur, Tirupathi, Srisailam, Karimnagar, Nellore, Warangal, Basara, Kadapa.

Agrigold Haailand

Haailand[edit]

Haailand is a Theme Park and Resort near the town is a leisure getaway. Ideal destination for nonstop excitement and adventure. Discover an endless combination of thrilling rides, fantastic entertainment, delightful f&b outlets, authentic ayurvedic wellness centre, exciting retail venues, enlightening cultural areas, superb banquet halls, luxurious resort facilities in the midst of the tranquility and mystique of South East Asia.

[10]

References[edit]