Mangalagiri

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Mangalagiri
మంగళగిరి
Totadri
Town
View of Mangalagiri town
View of Mangalagiri town
Mangalagiri is located in Andhra Pradesh
Mangalagiri
Mangalagiri
Coordinates: 16°26′N 80°33′E / 16.43°N 80.55°E / 16.43; 80.55Coordinates: 16°26′N 80°33′E / 16.43°N 80.55°E / 16.43; 80.55
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District Guntur
Established 225 B.C.
Named for The Auspicious Hill
Government
 • Type Municipal council
 • Body Mangalagiri Municipality
APCRDA
 • MLA Alla Rama Krishna Reddy (YSR Congress Party)
 • Municipal commissioner N.V.Nageswara Rao
Area[1]
 • Total 10.49 km2 (4.05 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 43 m (141 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 73,613
Languages
 • Official language Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 522503
Telephone code 91–8645
Vehicle registration AP–07
Lok Sabha constituency Bapatla (SC)
Assembly constituency Mangalagiri
Website Mangalagiri Municipality
A 21st century painting of Sri Panakala Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy

Mangalagiri is a town in Guntur District of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[4] It is one of the 12 municipalities in the district. The town is the headquarters of Mangalagiri mandal and administered under Guntur Revenue Division.[5][6] It is situated on National Highway 5 between Vijayawada and Guntur.[7] The town was known to be existed since 225 B.C..[8]

Etymology[edit]

Mangalagiri translates to The Auspicious Hill (Mangala = Auspicious, Giri = Hill) in the local language. It was derived from the name Totadri.[7] During Vijayanagara Kingdom, it was also known as Mangala Nilayam.[8][9]

History[edit]

Mangalagiri temple main entrance

It is dated to 1520 and mentions the capture of Kondavidu by Timmarasu, general of Krishna Deva Raya, in 1515 from the Gajapati rulers of Kalinga (ancient Odisha). Another stone near the temple of Garudalvar has inscriptions on four sides recording grants in the reign of Sadasiva Raya of Vijayanagara Empire 1538. The lofty gopuram in the temple at the foot of the hill was erected by Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu in 1807-1809, and in terms of sculpture and architecture this temple stands to be an ultimate testament for the ancient vishwakarma sthapathis in planning and sculpting these temples.

Mangalagiri was under the control of Golkonda Nawabs for a long period. It was plundered in 1780 by Hyder Jung but could not be conquered. In 1816, a gang of Pindaris again looted the place. It slowly recovered from these two attacks during the time of Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu who ruled the place from Amaravati. There is a big koneru (tank) in the center of the place which went dry in 1882. As many as 9,840 guns and 44 bullets which might have been related to Pindaris have been found here after the Pindaris looted this place.The picturesque hill was visited by the great Sri Krishna Deva Raya.

In the 1970s there was huge water scarcity in Mangalagiri. Goli Gopala Rao, the then municipal chairman of Mangalagiri, brought water to the town through water pipelines and he was called "Apara Baghiratha" due to his services to the public.

Geography[edit]

Mangalagiri is located at 16°26′N 80°33′E / 16.43°N 80.55°E / 16.43; 80.55.[10] It has an average elevation of 29.08 metres (95.4 ft).

Climate

Average High and Low Temperature for Mangalagiri India

As per Köppen-Geiger climate classification system the climate in Mangalagiri is tropical. The average temperature is warm to hot around the year. Summer clothing suffices through most of the year. The summer season (especially during May/June) has the highest temperatures, but these are usually followed by monsoon rains in that season.

The winter season (from October to February) is the most enjoyable with a pleasant climate.Winter months may get more rainfall than summer but there are dry spells during the winter season. The wettest month is July. The average annual temperature is 28.5 C and The average annual rainfall is 1046 mm

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 73,613. The total population constitute, 36,532 males, 37,081 females and 7,706 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 76.16% with 50,197 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[3][11]

Government and politics[edit]

Civic Administration

The municipality of the town oversees the civic needs, like water supply, sewage, garbage collection etc. It was establishment in the year 1969 and has an extent of 10.49 km2 (4.05 sq mi).[1] During 2010–2011 period, total expenditure per annum was 3.52 crore (US$560,000), while the total income generated per annum was 5.4 crore (US$860,000). The composition of the municipality is of two types, one is Elected Wing, headed by Municipal Council and the second is Executive Wing, headed by Municipal commissioner. The present municipal commissioner of is N.V.Nageswara Rao.[12][13] Services and works undertaken by the municipality are extension and development of roads, of which 100 km (62 mi) were completed. The municipality also runs 15 elementary schools and a maternity and child health center as well.[14]

Politics

Mangalagiri town is a part of Mangalagiri (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Alla Rama Krishna Reddy is the present MLA of the constituency representing YSRCP.[15] The assembly segment is in turn a part of Guntur (Lok Sabha constituency), which was won by Galla Jayadev.[16][17]

Economy[edit]

Mangalagiri Sarees

The major occupations of Mangalagiri is an ancient institution of hand-woven fabrics. It produces the most exclusive sarees and dress-materials, having delicate and distinctive designs. Mangalagiri sarees have been conferred the Geographical Indication status by the Geographical Indication Registry, Chennai. Mangalagiri sarees and fabrics also made of pure and durable cotton are exclusive to the Mangalagiri region in the Guntur district of AP. The fabric is woven on a pit-loom and the Nizam border in the sarees. The handloom fabrics are soft and comfortable to wear and also suites all the climates.

Mangalagiri cotton is characterized by pure durable cotton, does not contain any weave designs on the body, Nizam borders, does not contain any gap in weaving the fabric which are unique characteristics of saris in Mangalagiri. The high cost of handloom fabrics is also limiting the marketability. The handloom industry is searching for a breakthrough for survival.

Transport[edit]

Mangalagiri Railway Station

Mangalagiri is located on NH 5 that connects Kolkata and Chennai.[7] It has a railway station situated on the Howrah-Chennai main line, administered under the jurisdiction of Guntur division of South Central Railway zone.[18] Vijayawada Airport is the nearest domestic airport to the town.

Education[edit]

The town is having many schools, colleges and universities namely

Tourism[edit]

The auspicious hill of sri Panakala

Lord Narasimha temple, the abode of Lord Vishnu, who manifested himself as Thotadri, is present in Mangalagiri. There are three Narasimha Swamy temples.[22]

Undavalli caves, located near Mangalagiri, a specimen of Indian rock-cut architecture. The historic caves are located at the top of the hills overlooking the Krishna River, built during the 4th-5th century. Dedicated to Ananta Padmanabha Swamy and Narasimha Swamy, Undavalli Cave Temples are associated with the Vishnukundina kings.[23]

Hinkar Thirtha Jain Temple,located in Namburu is the largest Jain temple in the region, visited by many Jains, from different parts of the state.[24]

Sports[edit]

Mangalagiri International Cricket Stadium is under construction in Mangalagiri.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Elevation for Mangalagiri". Veloroutes. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Mandal wise villages" (PDF). Revenue Department - AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 6. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Guntur District – At a Glance" (PDF). Official Website of Guntur District. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 64.107. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c "Mangalagiri Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Vijaya Nagara Kingdom Founders from Mangalagiri". mangalagiri.net. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  9. ^ "Mangalagiri - The Auspicious Hill". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Mangalagiri
  11. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "Municipality commissioner". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "Composition of the Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  14. ^ "Public services/amenities". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  15. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 22,31. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "MP (Lok Sabha)". Government of AP. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  18. ^ "Mangalagiri railway station". http://indiarailinfo.com/. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  19. ^ "Nagarjuna University". nagarjunauniversity. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  20. ^ "NRI ACADEMY OF SCIENCES". NRI official website. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  21. ^ "KL University". KL University official website. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  22. ^ "Mangalagiri Temple: Mangalagiri - The Auspicious Hill". Guntur District Government Of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  23. ^ "Tourist places". mangalagiri website. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  24. ^ "Hinkar Thirtha (Jain Temple)" (PDF). vijayawadaonline. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  25. ^ "Construction company". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-05-11. 

External links[edit]