Manggarainese language

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Native to Indonesia
Region Flores
Ethnicity Manggarai
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 900,000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
mqy – Manggarai
kvh – Komodo
Map location of the Regency of Greater Manggarai which consists of three districts, namely: Manggarai district, West Manggarai district and East Manggarai district, on Flores island, in East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia.

The Manggarainese language (Manggarainese: tombo Manggarai, Indonesian: bahasa Manggarai) is the language of the Manggarainese people from the western parts of the island of Flores, in East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. In addition, there are also some pockets of Manggarainese speakers in the village of Manggarai in Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia. It is the native language of more than 730,000 people, based on statistical data reported by Central Agency on Statistics (BPS) in 2009 for the province of East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. The data include statistics for the population of the Regency of “Greater Manggarai” on Flores island, which consists of three districts: Manggarai district, West Manggarai district, and East Manggarai district. The Manggarainese language is part of the Austronesian family, and is therefore related to Indonesian and other Malay varieties. Most speakers of Manggarainese also speak Indonesian for official and commercial purposes and to communicate with non-Manggarainese Indonesians.

Outside Flores island, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, there are some Manggarainese-speaking people in the village of Manggarai in the eastern part of Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia. Formerly a concentration of workers from “Greater Manggarai”, the population is now just a few of the original people, because the majority in the village has now become the Betawi.


  1. ^ Manggarai at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Komodo at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)