Mangifera

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Mangifera
Starr 071024-0216 Mangifera indica.jpg
M. indica fruits
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Genus: Mangifera
L.
Synonyms

Phanrangia Tardieu[1]

Mangifera is a genus of flowering plants in the cashew family, Anacardiaceae. It contains approximately 69 species, with the best-known being the Common Mango (Mangifera indica). The center of diversity is in subtropical and tropical southeast Asia, while the highest number of species occur in the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, and Sumatra. They are generally canopy trees in lowland rainforests, reaching a height of 30–40 m (98–131 ft).[2]

Uses[edit]

Mangifera species are widely cultivated in Asia and elsewhere. More than 27 species in the genus bear edible, fleshy fruits, especially the Common Mango (M. indica). Others, such as M. foetida, yield astringent fruits that can be eaten pickled.[3]

Species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Mangifera L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-11-23. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  2. ^ Litz, Richard E.; Miguel A. Gómez-Lim (2005). "Mangifera indica Mango". In Richard E. Litz. Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops. CABI. pp. 40–41. ISBN 978-0-85199-662-2. 
  3. ^ Litz, Richard E. (2009). The Mango: Botany, Production and Uses (2 ed.). CABI. pp. 5–8. ISBN 978-1-84593-489-7. 
  4. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Mangifera". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-04.