|This article does not cite any references or sources. (March 2007)|
Top: Tawbuid men in Occidental Mindoro
Bottom: A Mangyan woman in traditional attire, c. 1912
|Regions with significant populations|
|Buhid, Tawbuid, Hanunoo, Alangan, Iraya, Tadyawan, Tagalog, English|
|Animism (majority), Christianity (Predominantly Roman Catholic and Evangelical Protestant)|
Mangyan is the generic name for the eight indigenous groups found on the island of Mindoro, southwest of island of Luzon, the Philippines, each with its own tribal name, language, and customs. The total population may be around 100,000, but official statistics are difficult to determine under the conditions of remote areas, reclusive tribal groups and some having little if any outside world contact.
The ethnic groups of the island, from north to south, are: Iraya, Alangan, Tadyawan, Tawbuid (called Batangan by lowlanders on the west of the island), Buhid, Hanunoo. An additional group on the south coast is labelled Ratagnon. They appear to be intermarried with lowlanders. The group known on the east of Mindoro as Bangon may be a subgroup of Tawbuid, as they speak the 'western' dialect of that language. They also have an alphabet which is called the Ambahan.
Mangyan are mainly subsistence agriculturalists, planting a variety of sweet potato, upland (dry cultivation) rice, and taro. They also trap small animals and wild pig. Many who live in close contact with lowland Filipinos sell cash crops such as bananas and ginger.
Their languages are mutually unintelligible, though they share some vocabulary and use Hanunó'o script to write: Tawbuid and Buhid are closely related, and are unusual among Philippine languages in having an /f/ phoneme; Tawbuid is divided into eastern and western dialects; Western Tawbuid may be the only Philippine language to have no glottal phonemes, having neither /h/ or /ʔ/.
Their traditional religious world view is: primarily animistic; around 10% have embraced Christianity, both Roman Catholicism and Evangelical Protestantism (The New Testaments has been published in six of the Mangyan languages).
- Mangyan Heritage Center
- gmanews.tv/story, The legend of the White Mangyans – Olandes
- gmanews.tv/video, iWitness: Ang Alamat ng Puting Mangyan – 29 January 2008 (in Filipino)
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