Manhattan Plaza is a large federally subsidized residential complex at 400 and 484 West 43rd Street in midtown Manhattan, New York City. It has 1,688 units and about 3,500 tenants. 70% of the tenants are from the performing arts, 15% are neighborhood residents, and 15% are elderly. It occupies the city block bounded north by 43rd Street, east by Ninth Avenue, south by 42nd Street, and west by Tenth Avenue.
Constructed in the 1970s, the complex originally was intended to be luxury apartments before the developers declared bankruptcy and left the mostly completed structures vacant. The all-electric heating became uneconomic after the oil crisis raised the costs of electricity, and prospective tenants found the neighborhood of the time, with its crime and sexually oriented book stores and movies, undesirable.
Shortly after Manhattan Plaza opened, the City was hit by the AIDS crisis, and many residents in the performing arts came down with AIDS. To respond to their needs, General Manager Rodney Kirk, an Episcopal minister by training, established social service programs with paid staff and volunteers, and the help of the Actors' Fund, to care for them and for non-residents. According to health officials, a greater proportion of people have died of AIDS in that apartment complex compared to any other residence building in the country. As HIV/AIDS came under control, the focus of the social services program shifted to the elderly, who are aging in place, and are sometimes unable to care for themselves. Kirk retired in 1997 and died in 2001. His work was continued by General Manager Richard Hunnings, his companion of 42 years.
The complex was built with federal U.S. Housing and Urban Development Section 8 subsidies, and New York State Mitchell-Lama. Under Section 8, low-income tenants pay no more than 30% of their income for rent, and the Section 8 program pays the rest. Under Mitchell-Lama, rents are also subsidized but incomes are higher. Manhattan Plaza was designed by architect David Todd.
To compensate for the fact that the block is on a slightly tilted slope, the 10th Avenue building has 46 stories while the other has one fewer, thereby creating the illusion of equal height.
Aside from the McGraw-Hill Building, the complex was the tallest in the Hell's Kitchen area at the time it was completed, and is still highly visible from the north, south, and west sides. Between the two buildings are a multi-story garage, a fitness center (including a swimming pool), a basketball court, a playground, tennis courts, a wall-climbing center, and town houses.
Though the majority of occupants work in the performing arts, there are a number of long-time residents who were offered apartments because they were displaced from the old neighborhood.
Located within the 10th Avenue building is the 43rd St Kids Preschool, which was founded in 1981. It is a private, non-profit, parent cooperative school, and accepts children ages 19 months to 5 years. More than 1,500 one-act plays including more than 40 by Lewis Black have been staged at the Laurie Beechman Theatre in the West Bank Cafe (where Bruce Willis was a bartender) at the base of the building.
In the middle of March 2009, the original playground located on the 3rd floor rooftop was taken down in order to build a new playground built by Kompan and sponsored by former football player Tiki Barber. The company was known as Tiki Recreation. It is 1 of 3 rare and unique playgrounds. It has an electronic setting and virtual interactive games programed within the equipment. The park officially opened June 8, 2009.
Manhattan Plaza has a Summer Day Camp / Youth Program every year for kids ages 7 to 13 from July to August. The camp consists of Swimming, Baseball, Basketball, Dodgeball, Tennis, Wall Climbing, Tae-Kwon-Do, Cooking, and Four Square / Box Ball as well as Performing Arts. Campers also created a "4Square" type game called Nations. The camp has trips and sees movies once a week.
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The building is the subject of an upcoming documentary titled Miracle on 42nd Street. The film is intended to have a festival release and is expected to be aired on television. The filmmakers consist of current and former tenants.
- Thomas Adcock
- Marin Alsop
- Dylan Baker
- Nell Carter (Former)
- Chuck Cooper (Former)
- Mike Freeman
- Dexter Gordon (Former)
- Terrence Howard (Former)
- James Earl Jones (Former)
- Alicia Keys (Former)
- Kenny Kramer
- Chuck Liddell
- Andrea McArdle
- Charles Mingus (Former)
- Shin Otake (Former)
- Al Pacino (Former)
- Mickey Rourke (Former)
- John Spencer (Former)
- Jack Warden (Former)
- Tennessee Williams (Former)
- Joey Dedio
- Larry David, co-creator of the sitcom Seinfeld lived in Manhattan Plaza across from comedian Kenny Kramer.
- Kenny Kramer provided inspiration for the character Cosmo Kramer.
- James Earl Jones has family members throughout the building. His brother provided the original voice heard when entering the "Park & Lock" Garage. Tiki Barber, who was involved with construction of the new playground, has occasionally visited the playground. Samuel L. Jackson worked there as a security officer in his first and only non-acting job.
- Fighting For Change: Fox built in the toughest of markets, BY BENDIX ANDERSON, AFFORDABLE HOUSING FINANCE, July 2008
- Rodney Kirk, 67, Director Of Manhattan Plaza, Is Dead By Wolfgang Saxon, New York Times, July 17, 2001
- Horwitz, Simi (1991-07-29). "The Kindness of Strangers: Helping Theater People With AIDS at the Manhattan Plaza". TheaterWeek.
- Manhattan Plaza Project, New York Public Library, September 12, 2012
- How the Rent Numbers Add Up at Manhattan Plaza, By Nahma Sandrow, New York Times, June 9, 2002
- Manhattan Plaza Near Rental Deal? By Roger Armbrust, BackStage, July 2, 2004
- Manhattan Plaza 20-Year Pact 'Helps Actors' By Roger Armbrust, BackStage, September 24, 2004
- Rent Subsidies Are Preserved for Manhattan Plaza Tenants By DAVID W. CHEN, New York Times, Published: September 14, 2004
- Dunlap, David W (2008-04-02). "David Todd, Architect and Official, Dies at 93". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
- The West Bank Cafe - newyorkrestaurantinsider.com - July 2007
- Official Website of Miracle on 42nd Street
- McSHANE, LARRY (November 24, 2006). "Model for Character Talks About 'Kramer'". Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
- Manhattan Plaza Tenants Association (MPTA). Official organization for residents recognized by the New York City Department of Housing and Urban Development
- MPTA newsletter
- 43rd St Kids Preschool