Manhattan Rebellion

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The heavily damaged Sri Ayudhya listing before it sank on 1 July 1951

The Manhattan Rebellion was a failed coup attempt by officers of the Royal Thai Navy against the government of Prime Minister Plaek Pibulsonggram (Phibun) on 29–30 June 1951. A group of junior naval officers seized Thailand's Phibun at gunpoint during a boat-transfer ceremony at Ratchaworadit Pier on the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok. The occasion of the abduction was the transfer ceremony of the US Navy dredge Manhattan to the Thai navy. Phibun was forcibly taken aboard the Thai navy flagship HTMS Sri Ayudhya and held hostage.[1][2] General stations were called, and the ship began to make way downstream towards the Naval Ordnance Department in Bang Na. However, the coup plotters failed to secure the opening of the Memorial Bridge, and the ship thus could not continue.[2] Fighting quickly ensued, and the naval units that sided with the rebels became heavily outnumbered by the army, police, and air forces, who were loyal to the government.[1][2] Fighting subsided during the night, but resumed and intensified early the next morning. Sri Ayudhya joined the fight, but its engines were soon disabled and the ship became dead in the water in front of Wichaiprasit Fort. It was heavily fired upon from the eastern bank by guns and mortars, and, by afternoon, was also bombarded by AT-6 trainer planes. Heavy fires broke out, and the order was given to abandon ship.[2] Phibun had to swim ashore along with the sailors, but was uninjured.[1] The fires continued throughout the night and into the next day, when fighting ceased. The heavily damaged Sri Ayudhya finally sank on the night of 1 July.[2]The results of the struggle were 17 military personnel, eight police officers, and 103 civilians dead. More than 500 were wounded. Property damage amounted to 15 million baht and the loss of the navy's most powerful warship.[1]:p.41

The wreck of Sri Ayudhya was later salvaged for scrap, as it had become a navigational hazard.[3] The ship was officially struck from the naval register on 8 October 1959 in Ministerial Order 350/21315.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Chaloemtiarana, Thak (2007). Thailand: the politics of despotic paternalism (Rev. ed. ed.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell Southeast Asia Program. p. 41. ISBN 9780877277422. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Fuangrabil, Krisda (May 2007). "สู่วาระสุดท้ายของเรือหลวงศรีอยุธยา: ทหารเรือกับเหตุสำคัญของบ้านเมืองในอดีต (ตอนที่ 4)" (PDF). Nawikasat 90 (5): 6–14. 
  3. ^ Pattaragoson, Dilok (June 2007). "เรือจ้างในลำน้ำ" (PDF). Nawikasat 90 (6): 64–72.