Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden

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Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden
One of the tigers at the Manila Zoo
Date opened July 25, 1959[1]
Location Adriatico Street, Malate, Manila, Philippines
Coordinates 14°33′53″N 120°59′19″E / 14.5647412°N 120.9886014°E / 14.5647412; 120.9886014Coordinates: 14°33′53″N 120°59′19″E / 14.5647412°N 120.9886014°E / 14.5647412; 120.9886014
Land area 5.5 hectares (14 acres)
Number of animals 832
Number of species 97
Major exhibits botanical garden

The Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden, commonly known as Manila Zoo, is a 5.5-hectare (14-acre) zoo located in Malate, Manila, Philippines that opened on July 25, 1959.


The Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden is home to more than 832 animals from nearly 100 species as of 2007. The zoo's most popular resident is Mali, an Asian elephant who arrived at the zoo in 1977 as 3 year old calf transported from Sri Lanka, after being poached from the wild.[2]

Big Dome[edit]

Tiger Cage[edit]

Big Mammal Cage[edit]

Crocodile Cage[edit]

African Veldt Cage[edit]

Reptile House[edit]

Adjacent Aviary[edit]

New Aviary[edit]

Lagoon Cage[edit]

Goose Cage[edit]

Other Animals[edit]

Wildlife Rescue Center[edit]

The entrance to Manila Zoo.

The Wildlife Rescue Center serves as temporary shelter and repository for confiscated, donated, retrieved, sick, injured and abandoned wildlife species.[3]The Wildlife Rescue Center has been the subject of public scrutiny in regard to their animal welfare standards.[4]

Botanical Garden[edit]

The Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden is home to many plant collections, from the botanically rich and diverse Philippine Islands and South Pacific region.

Animal Welfare[edit]

The Manila zoo by law must operate in accordance to the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 (also known as Republic Act 8485).[5] The purpose of the Act is to ensure that all terrestrial, aquatic and marine animals in the Philippines have their physical and psychological needs met in ways that promote well-being.[6] Inquiries have been made into the compliance of the Manila Zoo with this Act.


The zoo has been criticized due to its inadequate animal care[7] and dirty surroundings.[8] The zoo is responding with efforts to make the animal habitats as comfortable and natural as possible, such as by adding trees and vegetation, and expanding the enclosures.

Mali the Elephant PETA campaign[edit]

"Mali" - an Asian elephant at the Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden, the Philippines.

Mali is the only Elephant in the Manila zoo, and in fact the only Elephant in the Philippines, and she is the subject of a campaign from animal rights organization, PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals).[9] A report issued by PETA [10] points out the numerous issues regarding Mali being kept in captivity.


  1. ^ "The Manila Zoo". Manila Zoo. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  2. ^[full citation needed]
  3. ^ "Wildlife Rescue Center". MyZoo Volunteer Group Foundation Inc. Retrieved 11 September 2010. 
  4. ^ Almazan, Ronnel R.; Rubio, Roberto P.; Agoramoorthy, Govindasamy (2005). "Welfare Evaluations of Nonhuman Animals in Selected Zoos in the Philippines". Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 8 (1): 59–68. doi:10.1207/s15327604jaws0801_5. PMID 16004545. 
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Manila Zoo won't be closed down". GMA News. Retrieved 11 September 2010. 
  8. ^ "Activists bare naked truth about Manila Zoo". April 28, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  9. ^[full citation needed]
  10. ^[full citation needed]

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