Manila local elections, 2010

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Manila mayoral election, 2010

2007 ←
May 10, 2010 (2010-05-10)
→ 2013

  Alfredo Lim at Mendiola.jpg Litoatienza.jpg
Nominee Alfredo Lim Lito Atienza
Party KKK PMP
Running mate Isko Moreno Bonjay Isip-Garcia
Popular vote 395,910 181,094
Percentage 59.52% 27.22%

Mayor before election

Alfredo Lim
KKK

Elected Mayor

Alfredo Lim
KKK

Local elections was held in the City of Manila on May 10, 2010 within the Philippine general election. The voters will elect for the elective local posts in the city: the mayor, vice mayor, the six Congressmen, and the councilors, six in each of the city's six legislative districts.

Mayoral and vice mayoral election[edit]

2007[edit]

In the 2007 election, Mayor of Manila Lito Atienza was barred from seeking a fourth consecutive term; his son Ali was named nominee of the Liberal Party; then senator and former mayor Alfredo Lim was named nominee of the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP), Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan, Lim's own party and the United Opposition. The Koalisyong Asenso Manileño, the PDP-Laban and Kabalikat ng Bayan sa Kaunlaran o KABAKA nominated vice mayor Danilo Lacuna for the mayoral election. Lim won with 55% of the vote and gave up his senate seat to serve as mayor. Lim was later expelled from the PMP, and Atienza lost the Liberal Party leadership election to senator Mar Roxas and those opposing Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo; Atienza created a splinter group of Liberals who are loyal to Arroyo but the Supreme Court ruled that Roxas' election was legal. This caused Atienza to quit the Liberal Party; meanwhile, Roxas gave way to senator Benigno Aquino III, whose mother former president Corazon Aquino, was one of Lim's strongest allies.

2010[edit]

Presidential adviser to the peace process Avelino Razon announced his candidacy on August 9 at the Ninoy Aquino Stadium running for the We Are the Reason Movement, under the Nationalist People's Coalition.[1]

Incumbents mayor Alfredo Lim and vice mayor Isko Moreno announced their candidacy for mayor on Moreno's birthday party at the Rizal Memorial Coliseum on October 25, hosted by German Moreno (no relation to Isko), a known Lim ally and Isko's protege. Moreno, despite being backed by the Asenso Manileño party, will be Lim's running mate.[2]

Former three-term mayor and current Environment and Natural Resources secretary Lito Atienza is expected run to reclaim his seat. Atienza has Ma. Lourdes "Bonjay" Isip-Garcia as his vice mayoral running mate. Bonjay Isip is a Councilor of the 6th District and is now running for vice mayor. Isip first won as Councilor in 1992 and later became both Deputy City Administrator and City Administrator. Isip in 1992, was the youngest elected councilor in Manila's history.

Lito Atienza served as mayor from 1998 to 2007. Atienza served as Lim's running mate when Lim served as mayor from 1992 to 1998.[3] Rep. Amado Bagatsing, of the Asenso Manileño party, bolted and joined Atienza's ship. Meanwhile, Lim will support the Liberal Party national ticket of Benigno Aquino III and Mar Roxas, while holding his own Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan (Peace, Prosperity and Justice) standard; Moreno will support the Nacionalista Party ticket headed by Manuel Villar.[4]

After announcement of the Lim-Moreno ticket, former Philippine National Police chief Avelino Razon announced that he had chosen Moreno as his running mate. After Moreno's announcement that he will run under Lim's banner, at least six councilors bolted from Asenso Manileño and went to Razon's side.[5] Moreno eventually became a guest candidate in Razon's ticket, as his vice mayoral candidate.[6]

The primary issue for the upcoming campaign is the retention of the oil depots at Pandacan. Lim and Moreno supported its retention while Atienza and Bagatsing supported its removal.[7]

Atienza, leader of the Liberal Party wing not recognized by both the Commission on Elections and the Supreme Court, will be the "guest candidate" of the Joseph Estrada-led Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP). Atienza, a Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo supporter, has maintained cordial relations with Estrada.[8] In the end, Atienza's certificate of candidacy stated that he was nominated by the Liberal Party,[9] but under the "Buhayin ang MayniLA" (Revive Manila) ticket, and as a guest candidate of the PMP.[10] His guest candidacy was later upgraded to a full-fledged nomination by the PMP as announced by the party's director for political affairs.[11]

Results[edit]

The candidates for mayor and vice mayor with the highest amount of votes wins the seat; they are voted separately, therefore, they may be of different parties when elected.

Mayoral election results[edit]

Parties are as stated in their certificate of candidacies.[9]

Manila mayoral election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
KKK Alfredo Lim 395,910 59.52 −4.33
PMP Lito Atienza 181,094 27.22 −2.98
NPC Avelino Razon 84,605 12.72 +12.72
Independent Ma. Teresita Hizon 1,900 0.29 +0.29
Independent Onofre Abad 662 0.10 +0.10
Independent Benjamin Rivera 558 0.08 +0.08
Independent Matilde Limbre 477 0.07 +0.07
Majority 214,816 31.03% +0.08
Valid votes 665,206 91.10%
Invalid or blank votes 26,977 3.90%
Total votes 692,183 100.00% +22.02
KKK hold Swing +10.19

Notes:

  • Lim's KKK party is in coalition with the Liberal Party.
  • Atienza is belatedly nominated by Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino; he is indicated as an independent on the ballot.
  • Razon's We Are the Reason Movement slate are guest candidates of the Nationalist People's Coalition and Lakas Kampi CMD.
  • "Change" is compared from 2007 based on the candidates; in 2007, Atienza ran under the Liberal Party and in 2010 ran under the PMP, while Lim ran in 2007 under the PMP and moved to the Liberal-backed KKK in 2010.

Vice mayoral election results[edit]

Parties are as stated in their certificate of candidacies.[9]

Manila vice mayoral election
Party Candidate Votes %
Nacionalista Isko Moreno (Francisco Domagoso) 498,609 79.86%
PMP Bonjay Isip-Garcia 119,380 19.12%
Lapiang Manggagawa Francisco Pizarra 3,614 0.58%
Independent Benjamin Riano 2,765 0.44%
Majority 379,229 60.74%
Valid votes 624,368 90.20%
Invalid or blank votes 67,815 9.80%
Totals 692,183 100.00%
Nacionalista hold
  • Moreno's Asenso Manileño party is in coalition with the Nacionalista Party, and is a candidate of Lim's KKK and a "guest candidate" Razon's We Are the Reason Movement.

Congressional elections[edit]

Each of Manila's six legislative districts elects one representative to the House of Representatives. The candidate with the highest amount of votes wins the seat.

1st District[edit]

Incumbent Benjamin Asilo is also co-nominated by the KKK. Arlene Koa is co-nominated by Asenso Manileño. Former representative Ernesto Nieva, who was supposed to run again under Lakas-Kampi-CMD, died on February 16, 2010 due to cardiac arrest.[12] His daughter Mina was designated as a candidate by substitution.

Philippine House of Representatives election at Manila's 1st district
Party Candidate Votes %
KKK Benjamin Asilo 82,249 58.27%
Lakas-Kampi Mina Nieva 40,880 28.96%
Nacionalista Arlene Koa 14.090 9.98%
KBL Fernando Diaz 3,500 2.48%
Independent Ranilo Dacay 441 0.31%
Valid votes 141,160 93.92%
Invalid or blank votes 9,135 6.08%
Totals 150,295 100.00%
KKK hold

2nd District[edit]

Jaime Lopez of Lakas Kampi CMD is the incumbent, but he is ineligible for re-election since he is on his third consecutive term already. His party didn't nominate anyone in this district; his son Carlo is co-nominated by the Liberal Party and the KKK.

Philippine House of Representatives election at Manila's 2nd district
Party Candidate Votes %
KKK Carlo Lopez 47,710 55.51%
Nacionalista Roland Valeriano 37,141 43.21%
Independent Jaime Balmas 902 1.05%
Independent Jeffry Alacre 203 0.24%
Valid votes 85,956 92.37%
Invalid or blank votes 7,097 7.63%
Totals 93,053 100.00%
KKK gain from Lakas-Kampi

3rd District[edit]

Zenaida Angping is the incumbent.

Philippine House of Representatives election at Manila's 3rd district
Party Candidate Votes %
NPC Zenaida Angping 62,085 64.06%
Independent Letlet Zarcal 32,634 33.67%
Independent Erlinda Reyes 912 0.94%
Independent Cristina Zamora 512 0.53%
Independent Wally Dizon 389 0.40%
Independent Rodolfo Flores 381 0.40%
Valid votes 96,913 94.00%
Invalid or blank votes 6,182 6.00%
Totals 103,095 100.00%
NPC hold

4th District[edit]

Trisha Bonoan-David is the incumbent.

Philippine House of Representatives election at Manila's 4th district
Party Candidate Votes %
Lakas-Kampi Trisha Bonoan-David 56,769 55.13%
Liberal Rudy Bacani 46,206 44.87%
Valid votes 102,975 94.96%
Invalid or blank votes 5,464 5.04%
Totals 108,439 100.00%
Lakas-Kampi hold

5th District[edit]

Despite under Atienza's Buhayin ang MayniLA ticket, which is supported by the Joseph Estrada-led Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino, incumbent Amado Bagatsing is the nominee of both Lakas-Kampi-CMD and local party KABACA. Latest election results can be viewed at http://electionresults.comelec.gov.ph/res_reg3900000.html

Philippine House of Representatives election at Manila's 5th district
Party Candidate Votes %
Lakas-Kampi Amado Bagatsing 70,852 59.04%
Nacionalista Joey Hizon 47,902 39.92%
Independent Rodicindo Yee Rodriguez II 626 0.52%
Independent Jayson Española 618 0.52%
Valid votes 119,998 92.92%
Invalid or blank votes 9,148 7.08%
Totals 129,147 100.00%
Lakas-Kampi hold

6th District[edit]

Despite under Atienza's Buhayin ang MayniLA ticket, which is supported by the Joseph Estrada-led Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino, incumbent Benny M. Abante is Lakas-Kampi-CMD's nominee in the district.

Danilo Lacuna is also co-nominated by Asenso Manileño.

This is currently under protest.[13]

Philippine House of Representatives election at Manila's 6th district
Party Candidate Votes %
KKK Rosenda Ocampo 39,985 38.63%
Lakas-Kampi Benny M. Abante 38,113 36.82%
Nacionalista Danilo Lacuna 24,866 24.03%
Independent Ramon Villanueva 204 0.20%
Independent Joven Yuson 160 0.16%
PGRP Marlo Gerardo Artacho 96 0.09%
Bigkis Pinoy Ronaldo Tibig 76 0.07%
Valid votes 103,500 95.70%
Invalid or blank votes 4,654 4.30%
Totals 108,154 100.00%
KKK gain from Lakas-Kampi

City Council elections[edit]

Each of Manila's six legislative districts sends six councilors to the City Council. The election is via plurality-at-large voting: A voter can vote up to six candidates; the six candidates with the highest amount of votes in a particular district are elected.

In addition, the barangay captains and the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) chairpersons in the city's barangays (communities) elect amongst themselves a president that will seat as an ex officio member of the city council with full voting powers. The presidents of the barangay captains and SK chairpersons that were elected after the 2007 barangay elections will serve until the winners of the 2010 barangay elections are seated in late November.

In case of a tie vote, the vice mayor, as the presiding officer, will vote to break the tie.

Summary[edit]

Party Mayoral/vice
mayoral candidate
Total votes Total seats
Total  % Total  %
PMP Lito Atienza 1,225,039 35.6% 14 36.8%
Nacionalista Isko Moreno 977,597 28.4% 12 31.6%
Liberal Alfredo Lim 781,092 22.7% 9 23.7%
KKK 34,999 1.0% 0 0.0%
NPC Avelino Razon 317,923 9.2% 1 2.6%
Independents Varies 102,134 3.0% 0 0.0%
KBL None 4,882 0.1% 0 0.0%
Lapiang Manggagawa Francisco Pizarra 983 0.0% 0 0.0%
PGRP None 518 0.0% 0 0.0%
Total valid votes cast 3,445,167 N/A
Total turnout 689,186 100.00%
Total partisan seats 36 94.7%
Seat for Association of Barangay Captains President 1 2.6%
Seat for Association of Sangguniang Kabataan chairmen President 1 2.6%
Total non-partisan seats 2 5.3%
Total seats 38 100.0%

1st District[edit]

Manila 1st District Sangguniang Panlungsod election
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Ernesto Dionisio, Jr. 88,334 11.39%
NPC Erick Ian Nieva 62,089 8.01%
Liberal Moises Lim 56,020 7.23%
PMP Dennis Alcoreza 54,776 7.07%
Liberal Niño dela Cruz 54,510 7.03%
Nacionalista Irma Alfonso 51,959 6.70%
Nacionalista Jesus Fajardo, Sr. 51,218 6.51%
PMP Rolando Sy 45,683 5.89%
Liberal Ernesto Lim 41,329 5.33%
PMP Edwin Simbulan 33,151 4.28%
Nacionalista Arnel Angeles 32,771 4.23%
PMP Eduardo Solis 32,069 4.14%
Liberal Peter Ong 29,822 3.85%
Liberal Romeo Venturina 29,539 3.81%
NPC Dale Evangelista 14,348 1.85%
Liberal Silvestre Dumagat 13,243 1.71%
Independent Let Miclat 12,733 1.64%
NPC Rogelio Mangila 8,331 1.07%
Independent German Nuñez 7,289 0.94%
PMP Danilo Isiderio 6,180 0.80%
KKK Vicente Ocampo, Jr. 6,111 0.79%
PMP Irineo Duran 5,604 0.72%
NPC Fermin de Jesus 5,277 0.68%
KKK Rogelio Bergado 5,144 0.66%
Nacionalista Ferdinand Sandoval 3,724 0.48%
KBL Almario Jacinto, Jr. 2,906 0.37%
Independent Maria Ocampo 2,829 0.36%
NPC Exmila Rabano 2,161 0.28%
KBL Benedicto Rodriguez 1,976 0.25%
Independent Rejercito Aranas 1,943 0.25%
Independent Bernabe Binuya 1.844 0.24%
Independent Efren Natividad 1,643 0.21%
Independent Dennis Riano 1,454 0.19%
Independent Romano Sacramento 1,316 0.17%
Independent Jaime Pepino 1,265 0.16%
Independent Virginia Quintero 1,122 0.14%
Lapiang Manggagawa Eduardo Lanuza 983 0.13%
Independent Vevincio Cinco 903 0.12%
Independent Luis Cabuang 651 0.08%
Independent Fortunata Gravina 592 0.08%
Independent Josue Longanilla 436 0.06%
Totals 156,160 100.00%

2nd District[edit]

Manila 2nd District Sangguniang Panlungsod election
Party Candidate Votes %
PMP Marlon Lacson 46,305 9.95%
Nacionalista Edward Tan 44,421 9.54%
Nacionalista Ruben Buenaventura 38,640 8.30%
PMP Numero Lim 36,618 7.87%
Liberal Ramon Robles 36,194 7.78%
Liberal Rodolfo Lacsamana 34,333 7.38%
Nacionalista Nelissa Beltran 34,194 7.34%
PMP Pacifico Laxa 28,741 6.17%
PMP Ivy Varona 24,759 5.32%
Nacionalista Filomena Aligayo 22,247 4.78%
PMP John Mark Viceo 20,821 4.47%
Liberal Renato Torno, Jr. 19,193 4.12%
Liberal Lourdes Gutierrez 18,912 4.06%
Liberal Ruben Bunag 17,398 3.74%
PMP Nida Buenaventura-Panti 13,196 2.83%
NPC Fernando Lopez 10,169 2.18%
Independent Cherry Doromal 5,659 1.22%
Independent Enrique Villegas 4,737 1.02%
KKK Liza Go 4,500 0.97%
NPC Jesus Peñoso 1,586 0.34%
Independent Joana Singson 1,394 0.30%
Independent Estrellita Geronimo 902 0.19%
Independent Herminio Manikad, Jr. 630 0.14%
Totals 94,775 100.00%

3rd District[edit]

Manila 3rd District Sangguniang Panlungsod election
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Maria Asuncion Fugoso 60,510 12.14%
Nacionalista John Marvin Nieto 60,301 12.10%
Nacionalista Jong Isip 51,238 10.28%
Nacionalista Bernardito Ang 49,414 9.92%
PMP Joel Chua 46,561 9.34%
PMP Ramon Morales 40,351 8.10%
Liberal Thelma Lim 32,824 6.59%
PMP Roberto Ramon Oca 32,283 6.48%
PMP Larsil Silva 28,088 5.64%
NPC Alex Co 23,991 4.81%
Nacionalista Alberto Alonzo 19,721 3.96%
PMP Alejandro Gomez 10,573 2.12%
NPC Paul Alvarez 6,342 1.27%
Liberal Henryson Melon 5,802 1.16%
Liberal Michael James Gonzalez 5,091 1.02%
NPC Angelito Lopez 4,837 0.97%
Independent Gilbert Estrada 4,209 0.84%
PMP Don Neil dela Peña 3,490 0.70%
NPC Alfredo Isla, Jr. 2,734 0.55%
Independent Rodrigo Abante 2,688 0.54%
NPC Elpidio de Sagun 2,326 0.47%
Independent Benito Aragon 1,114 0.22%
Independent Corazon Aringino 1,083 0.22%
Independent Ronaldo Santos 1,042 0.21%
Independent Merlie Gonio 584 0.12%
Independent Rolly Malayon 556 0.11%
Independent Pablo Carisosa 539 0.11%
Totals 103,095 100.00%

4th District[edit]

Manila 4th District Sangguniang Panlungsod election
Party Candidate Votes %
PMP Don Juan "DJ" Bagatsing 60,105 11.21%
Nacionalista Honey Lacuna-Pangan 57,859 10.83%
PMP Edward VP. Maceda 57,720 10.81%
PMP Jocelyn Quintos 56,156 10.63%
Nacionalista Louisito Chua 51,778 9.80%
Liberal Eduardo Quintos XVI 41,353 7.83%
Nacionalista Arlan Vic Melendez 40,247 7.62%
PMP Susan Beltran 30,573 5.79%
PMP Gerino Tolentino 26,721 5.06%
KKK El Dorado Lim 19,244 3.64%
NPC Wilson Ramil 16,362 3.10%
Nacionalista Christopher Ortiz 12,598 2.39%
Liberal Magno Gaza 9,480 1.80%
PMP Ramon Padilla 8,858 1.68%
Liberal Richard Laurel 8,586 1.63%
NPC Ernesto Cayetano 7,694 1.46%
PMP Melchor Trinidad 6,527 1.24%
Independent Alexander Lim 4,599 0.87%
Nacionalista Pepito Suñiga 2,984 0.57%
NPC Milagros Coronel 2,788 0.53%
NPC Michael Gamaliel Plata 2,496 0.47%
NPC Frederick Constantino 2,394 0.45%
PMP Vicente Salgado 1,754 0.33%
Independent Norma Magat 1,712 0.32%
Totals 108,439 100.00%

5th District[edit]

Manila 5th District Sangguniang Panlungsod election
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Josefina Siscar 68,409 10.62%
Nacionalista Reynaldo Yupangco 59,581 9.25%
PMP Cristina Isip 57,745 8.96%
Nacionalista Richard Ibay 54,170 8.41%
PMP Roberto Ortega, Jr. 54,128 8.40%
PMP Rafael Borromeo 51,252 7.95%
PMP Corazon Gernale 49,852 7.74%
NPC Roderick Valbuena 42,957 6.67%
Nacionalista Bartolome Atienza 38,908 6.04%
Liberal Pablo Dario Ocampo IV 34,643 5.38%
PMP Jose Maria Cabreza 26,193 4.03%
PMP Harry Huecas 21,013 3.26%
NPC Miguel Badando 17,814 2.76%
Nacionalista Corina Cruz 14,187 2.20%
NPC Francis Villegas 11,597 1.80%
NPC Turo Valenzona 8,570 1.33%
NPC Susan Cabigao 8,318 1.29%
Independent Christopher Lim 8,243 1.28%
NPC Marlon Lopera 6,115 0.95%
Independent Raymundo Corpin 2,107 0.33%
Independent Marlon Villarojas 1,998 0.31%
Independent Eduardo Dado 1,374 0.21%
Independent Gina Gentio 1,247 0.19%
Independent Lailanie Lerit 1,228 0.19%
Independent Maria Ginny Clidoro 1,037 0.16%
Independent Reynaldo Madelo 911 0.14%
Independent Danny Boy Pacanut 798 0.12%
Totals 131,942 100.00%

6th District[edit]

Manila 6th District Sangguniang Panlungsod election
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Lou Veloso 66,020 12.33%
Nacionalista Dennis Lacuna 58,590 10.94%
Nacionalista Elizabeth Rivera 56,168 10.49%
PMP Casimiro Sison 51,215 9.57%
PMP Luis Uy 46,274 8.64%
PMP Jocelyn Dawis-Asuncion 43,854 8.19%
PMP Carlos Castañeda 40,645 7.59%
Nacionalista Richard Lontoc 32,398 6.05%
Nacionalista Joel Par 32,139 6.00%
NPC Julio Logarta, Jr. 22,790 4.26%
PMP Vladimir Cabigao 16,838 3.15%
PMP Edward Quintos 10,147 1.90%
Liberal Felix Majabague 9,547 1.78%
NPC Vicente Quillope 9,194 1.72%
NPC Jose Antonio Ibay 8,193 1.53%
Nacionalista George Planas 6,842 1.28%
NPC Regina Aspiras 6,450 1.20%
Independent Urbano Castillo 4,341 0.81%
Independent Rosalina Alvarez 2,813 0.53%
Independent Segundina Jamias 2,717 0.51%
Independent Romeo Concepcion 1,765 0.33%
Independent Eduardo Tan 1,528 0.29%
Independent Imelda Roca 1,455 0.27%
Independent Michael Anglo 1,073 0.20%
Independent Rafael Avecilla 965 0.18%
Independent Wilfredo Meniano 908 0.17%
PGRP Mario Nicosia 518 0.10%
Totals 94,775 100.00%

Reaction[edit]

Lim won the election with more than 250,000 votes clear of Atienza, his nearest rival. After his proclamation on the afternoon of May 12, Lim thanked the Manileños for their support, as Razon conceded to Lim as early as before midnight of May 10. Atienza said that he will contest the result of election as the results did not match the random manual audit of the ballots. Moreno had an even easier time against his nearest rival, Bonjay Isip-Garcia as he won with a margin of almost 380,000 votes.[14]

Atienza put the result under protest. The Commission on Elections' First Division dismissed Atienza's protest on September 13, 2011, confirmed later by the commission en banc, saying that votes included within Atienza's protest would not be enough to overtake Lim's lead. Atienza subsequently withdrew his proteston January 11, 2013.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joyce Pangco Pañares and Tony Macapagal (2009-10-12). "Razon clears the way to Manila City Hall". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  2. ^ Andrade, Jeannette (2009-10-25). "Mayor Lim, Vice Mayor Isko a team in Manila polls". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  3. ^ Tan, Jerry (2009-10-26). "Lim-Isko in 2010". People's Journal. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  4. ^ Leo A. Estonilo and Tony Macapagal (2009-10-31). "Lim-Moreno tandem baffles party watcher". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  5. ^ Andrade, Jeannette (2009-11-07). "Manila vice mayor caught between 2 mayoral bets". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  6. ^ Mendez, Christina (2009-11-12). "Isko takes oath as NP member". Philippine Star (Yahoo! News Philippines). Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
  7. ^ Santos, Pat (2009-11-02). "It’s Lim-Isko Moreno tandem in mayoralty race". The Daily Tribune. Retrieved 2009-11-09. [dead link]
  8. ^ Araneta, Sandy (2009-12-02). "Atienza files COC in Manila". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  9. ^ a b c Tina Santos, Julie M. Aurelio (2009-11-30). "Election fever heats up in M. Manila". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2010-01-08. 
  10. ^ Maragay, Fel (2010-01-06). "Lito is Erap’s bet". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  11. ^ "Atienza adds Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino to LP faction support". Manila Standard Today. 2010-01-21. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  12. ^ http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/insideMetro.htm?f=2010/february/22/metro5.isx&d=2010/february/22
  13. ^ Ocampo, Paulo. 56 electoral cases filed before House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal. philstar.com.
  14. ^ "Old faces land on winning slate in Metro". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2010-05-11. Retrieved 2010-05-16. 
  15. ^ Araneta, Sandy (2013-01-22). "Atienza withdraws poll protest vs Lim". Philippine Star. Retrieved 2013-01-23.