Manila North Cemetery
Entrance of the Manila North Cemetery
|Location||Sta. Cruz, Manila|
|Owned by||Manila City Government|
|Size||54 ha (130 acres)|
|Find a Grave||Findagrave|
The Manila North Cemetery (Spanish: Cementerio del Norte; formerly known also as Paáng Bundók), is one of the oldest cemeteries in Metro Manila, the Philippines. The cemetery is owned by the City of Manila, the national capital, and is one of the largest in the metropolis at 54 hectares. It is located alongside Andrés Bonifacio Avenue, bordering it are two other important cemeteries: the La Loma Cemetery and the Manila Chinese Cemetery. Numerous impoverished families notably inhabit some of the mausoleums.
The Manila North Cemetery was formerly part of La Loma Cemetery, but was separated as an exclusively Catholic burial ground. The cemetery was laid out in 1904. Through the years it serves as the final resting place for key figures in Philippine history such as former Presidents Sergio Osmeña, Ramón Magsaysay and Manuel Roxas; historian Epifanio de los Santos; and actor Fernando Poe Jr.
The cemetery's being one of the oldest cemeteries in the metropolis is evident on the different designs of mausoleums that reflect the prevailing architectural styles in the Philippines. The styles range from simple, plain-painted with a patch of greenery, to very complex designs that contain reliefs that are difficult to carve while also having different colors.
Due to the ever decreasing space for the dead, many tombs are stacked one on top of the other.
Many people already live inside the cemetery and some of them serve as caretakers of the mausoleums where they also stay to survive. When the families or owners of the mausoleums come, especially during and after All Soul's Day, the families transfer to other places. In addition, the informal settlers often serve as informal tour guides, bringing visitors to tombs of famous people and discussing the oral history of the area. Others take advantage of the quantity of visitors during the Allhallowtide holiday, setting up stalls to sell drinks and snacks, and providing visitors other services like renting out their toilets.
The Manila city government is now trying to find solutions on the issue of squatting.
The Bautista-Nakpil Pylon at the North Cemetery was designed by Juan Nakpil as a tribute to both Bautista and Nakpil families, including his uncle and benefactor, Dr. Ariston Bautista. The funerary pylon is a tall, square podium which has four human figures on the top corners that form a gesture of prayer capping off the tall columns. The frontal side is embellished by geometricized flowers, spiraling foliage, and nautilus shells in low-relief concrete panels which has an highly-decorized stoup on the lower portion. An octagonal lantern-like form sits on top of the podium with miniature columns buttressing on all sides and crowned by a rigid dome.
Mausoleum of the Veterans of the Revolution
The Mausoluem of the Veterans of the Revolution (Spanish: Panteón de los Veteranos de la Revolución) was designed by Arcadio de Guzmán Arellano, brother of Juan Arellano, and was built in commemoration of the bravery of the Filipinos in the independence revolution. The memorial was commissioned through Executive Order No. 87, issued by Governor-General James F. Smith on August 28, 1908. The neoclassical structure is a massive cubic structure on an elevated square podium. A shallow dome rests on a drum fenestrated by small openings to allow the circulation of air and primarily to let the natural light to come in. Swags, frets with key patterns, and human figures that represent grief to those who died fill up the façade.
Most of the people have their tombs on the main avenue of the cemetery while other notable people are located near the main entrance.
- María Agoncillo-Aguinaldo (1882–1963), wife of Emilio Aguinaldo. Her tomb once occupied the center of the Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolución, but was exhumed and reburied at the Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite.
- Melchora Aquino (1812–1919), also known as Tandang Sora and Mother of Katipunan. Buried at Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolución.
- Arcadio Arellano, architect
- Juan Arevalo, patriot, son of Bonifacio Flores Arevalo, buried at Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolución, Assembly Member (Declaration of Philippine Independence, Cavite-Viejo, Province of Cavite, 12 June 1898)
- Iggy Arroyo, former congressman of Negros Occidental
- Ladislao Bonus (1854–1908), also called "Father of the Philippine Opera."
- José Corazón de Jesús (1896–1932), poet known as Huseng Batute. Lyricist of the famed protest anthem Bayan Ko
- Tomas Cloma, president of the Philippine Maritime Institute (now PMI Colleges). His mausoleum is shaped like a ship, titled SS Last Voyage.
- Mariano Jesús Cuenco (1888–1964), 4th President of the Senate of the Philippines
- Doña Narcisa Buencamino vda. de León (Doña Sisang), Founder and matriarch of LVN Pictures, Inc. (The "L" of LVN)
- Marcelo H. del Pilar, Philippine author and propagandist. Formerly buried at the Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolución under the name Plaridel, was later exhumed and reburied in his house in Marcelo H. del Pilar Shrine Bulacan, Bulacan.
- Pío del Pilar (1865–1931), Philippine revolutionary figure. Buried at the Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolución
- Manuel Earnshaw (1862–1936), former resident commissioner to the US Congress
- Isauro Gabaldon (1875–1942), former senator and resident commissioner to the US Congress
- Licerio Geronimo, Revolutionary general
- Pedro Guevara (1879–1938), former senator and resident commissioner to the US Congress
- Francis Burton Harrison (1873–1957), former American governor-general
- Amado Hernández, Philippine literary icon and labour leader (National Artist)
- Atang de la Rama-Hernández, wife of Amado, kundiman singer, actress, and National Artist
- Félix Resurrección Hidalgo (1853–1913), painter
- Pilar Hidalgo-Lim (1893–1973), one of the founders of Girl Scouts of the Philippines
- Emilio Jacinto (1875–1899), patriot, the "Brains of the Katipunan"
- Arsenio Lacson (1911–1962), former Manila mayor
- Benito Legarda y Tuason (1853–1915), vice-president of the Malolos Congress and first resident commissioner of the Philippines to the US Congress.
- Ramon Magsaysay (1907–1957), 7th President. His wife Luz Banzon Magsaysay is also buried with him, as are his immediate family members.
- Tomas Morato, mayor of Calauag, Quezon, then first appointed mayor of Quezon City
- Gregoria de Jesús-Nakpil, wife of Andrés Bonifacio, later wife of Julio Nakpil
- Juan Nakpil (1899–1986), national artist for architecture
- Julio Nakpil (1867–1960), composer, father of Juan Nakpil.
- Mariano Noriel (1864–1915), Filipino general who fought during the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine-American War. Formerly buried at the Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolución.
- Roman Ongpin (1847–1912), businessman, philanthropist, nationalist, and civic citizen
- Sergio Osmeña (1878–1961), 4th President. . His wife Esperanza Limjap-Osmeña is also buried with him.
- Jose Fortich Ozamiz, former senator and first provincial governor of Misamis Occidental.
- Quintin B. Paredes (1884–1973), former House speaker and senator
- Pedro Paterno, 2nd Prime Minister of the Philippines under the First Republic
- Fernando Poe, Sr. (1916–1951), film producer, director, actor
- Fernando Poe, Jr. (Ronald Allan K. Poe) (1939–2004), movie actor, presidential candidate and National Artist
- Mariano Ponce (1863–1918), active member of the propaganda movement
- Manuel L. Quezon, Commonwealth President. Formerly buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Transferred to Quezon Memorial Circle Museum.
- Aurora Quezón, First Lady, consort of Manuel Quezon.
- Claro M. Recto (1890–1960), former senator and Spanish-language author
- Isabelo delos Reyes, politician, labour union activist, and a founder of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente.
- Paciano Rizal (1852–1930), oldest brother of José Rizal. Remains later transferred to Los Baños, Laguna in 1985.
- Owen Robyns-Owen, Chief Officer, British Merchant Navy (died 9 January 1945 aged 67), the only British Commonwealth war grave in the cemetery.
- Manuel A. Roxas (1892–1948), 5th President.
- Gerardo "Gerry" Roxas, Sr. (1924–1982), former senator
- Gerardo A. Roxas, Jr., former representative of Capiz, son of Gerry.
- Trinidad Roxas, wife of former President Manuel Roxas and former First Lady.
- Epifanio de los Santos (1871–1928), historian and former statesman. EDSA, is named after him.
- Hilarion "Larry" Silva, comedian and politician
- Andres Solomon (also known as "Tugo" or "Togo"), actor
- Trinidad Tecson, revolutionary nurse
- Pancho Villa (1901–1925), boxer
- Antonio Villegas, former Manila mayor. Formerly buried in Reno, Nevada
- Teodoro Yangco (1861–1939), former resident commissioner to the United States Congress and businessman for whom Yangco Market is named.
- American Association plot
- Armed Forces of the Philippines Cemetery
- Boy Scout Cenotaph (in memory of the 24 Boy Scouts who died in a plane crash en route to the 11th World Scout Jamboree)
- Firemen's plot
- Jewish Cemetery
- Masonic burial grounds
- Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolución
- Military and police plot
- Thomasites' plot
- Veterans of Foreign Wars plot (now neglected, since relatives all migrated to the USA)
- The Museum Foundation of the Philippines and Carlos Celdran’s Walk This Way both used to hold walking tours the Chinese Cemetery, North Cemetery and La Loma Cemetery.
- Manila North Cemetery and Chinese Cemetery have a trove of funerary architecture. Mausoleums are designed to look like Chinese pagodas, Hindu Sikhara temples, Egyptian pyramids guarded by Sphinxes, Greek- and Roman-inspired temples, Romanesque-type churches, even Art Deco mausoleums.
- Marcos Museum and Mausoleum
- Quezon Memorial Circle
- La Loma Cemetery
- Manila Chinese Cemetery
- Libingan ng mga Bayani
- Manila American Cemetery and Memorial
- Manila South Cemetery
- Scouting memorials
- James Chance (2010). "Living with the dead: Manila's North Cemetery". Pictures of the Year International. Donald W Reynolds Journalism Institute. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- Republic of the Philippines: Presidential Museum and Library."Our Heritage and the Departed: A Cemeteries Tour".
- Vintage Philippines. December 2, 2010. "Manila North Cemetery: A Time Capsule of Philippine History".
- Philippine Daily Inquirer. November 2, 2012. "Did You Know: Manila North Cemetery".
- Sauler, Erik. November 2, 2012. Philippine Daily Inquirer. "From buko shakes to portalets, entrepreneurs thrive at Manila North Cemetery".
- Lico, Gerard (2008). Arkitekturang Filipino: A History of Architecture and Urbanism in the Philippines. Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press. pp. 331–332, 339. ISBN 978-971-542-579-7.
- Lico, Gerard (2008). Arkitekturang Filipino: A History of Architecture and Urbanism in the Philippines. Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press. p. 289. ISBN 978-971-542-579-7.
-  CWGC Casualty record.
- Walter Ang. October 28, 2013. 8list.ph. "8 Trivia About Manila Cemeteries".
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