The Manili massacre refers to the mass killings of 65-79 Filipino Muslims, including women and children committed in a mosque in Manili, Carmen, North Cotabato, Philippines in June 19, 1971. The Ilaga militant group was supected to be behind the attacks but there were also allegations that the Philippine Constabulary were also behind the incident and collaborated with the Ilaga. No one was found to be responsible for the incident. The incident resulted increased mistrust between Filipino Muslims and Christians. According to T.J.S. George, in his writings, there were no political or religious motives for the incident and characterizes the massacre as "meaningless". George added that the only motive that he can see for the attack was a retaliation for earlier attacks on Christians within the vicinity. In response to the incident, former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi provided military aid to the secessionist group, Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF).