Manistee, Michigan

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Manistee, Michigan
City
Location of Manistee, Michigan
Location of Manistee, Michigan
Coordinates: 44°14′37″N 86°19′17″W / 44.24361°N 86.32139°W / 44.24361; -86.32139Coordinates: 44°14′37″N 86°19′17″W / 44.24361°N 86.32139°W / 44.24361; -86.32139
Country United States
State Michigan
County Manistee
Area[1]
 • Total 4.47 sq mi (11.58 km2)
 • Land 3.29 sq mi (8.52 km2)
 • Water 1.18 sq mi (3.06 km2)
Elevation 663 ft (202 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 6,226
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 6,173
 • Density 1,892.4/sq mi (730.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 49660
Area code(s) 231
FIPS code 26-50720[4]
GNIS feature ID 1620680[5]
River waterfront in downtown Manistee

Manistee is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 6,226 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Manistee County.[6] The name "Manistee" is from an Ojibwe word first applied to the principal river of the county.[7] The derivation is not certain,[8] but it may be from ministigweyaa, "river with islands at its mouth".[9][10] Other sources claim that it was an Ojibwe term meaning "spirit of the woods".[11]

Manistee Township is located to the northeast of the city, but is politically separate. The city is located at the mouth of the Manistee River on Lake Michigan.

History[edit]

Missionaries visited Manistee in the early 19th century, and a Jesuit mission house is known to have been located on the NW shore of Lake Manistee in 1826. In 1832, a group of traders from Massachusetts built a log house up the Manistee River. However, they were soon driven off by the Ottawa.

The village of Manistee was one of about 15 Ottawa villages along the shore of Lake Michigan in 1830. Much of the Manistee River Valley, including Manistee itself, was an Ottawa Reservation from 1836-1848.[12]

The first permanent Euro-American settlement was made on April 16, 1841, when John Stronach and his son, Adam Stronach, arrived at the mouth of the Manistee River in a schooner loaded with fifteen men and equipment, and established a saw mill.[13]

On October 8, 1871, the town was practically destroyed by fire; on the same day the Peshtigo Fire, the Great Chicago Fire, and fires in Port Huron and Holland occurred.[14] Manistee was incorporated as a city in 1882.[15]

In 2000, Manistee made national headlines after a judge and jury convicted a woman for expressing privately to her mother her wish that immigrants would learn English, deeming it "insulting conduct" consisting of "fighting words" that was punishable under local ordinance. Allegations of improper procedure and irregularities in the court records appeared. Two years later (November 1, 2002) and after the defendant spent four nights in jail, the conviction was overturned by the state Court of Appeals.[16][17][18][19]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Manistee
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 30
(−1)
33
(1)
42
(6)
55
(13)
67
(19)
76
(24)
81
(27)
78
(26)
71
(22)
60
(16)
46
(8)
34
(1)
56.1
(13.5)
Average low °F (°C) 17
(−8)
18
(−8)
25
(−4)
34
(1)
44
(7)
53
(12)
58
(14)
58
(14)
51
(11)
42
(6)
33
(1)
23
(−5)
38
(3.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.13
(54.1)
1.42
(36.1)
2.13
(54.1)
2.80
(71.1)
2.64
(67.1)
3.27
(83.1)
3.03
(77)
3.94
(100.1)
3.58
(90.9)
3.27
(83.1)
2.87
(72.9)
2.28
(57.9)
33.36
(847.5)
Source: U.S. Climate Data,[21]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 6,226 people, 2,816 households, and 1,614 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,892.4 inhabitants per square mile (730.7 /km2). There were 3,599 housing units at an average density of 1,093.9 per square mile (422.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White, 0.5% African American, 3.8% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.

There were 2,816 households of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.7% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the city was 43.6 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.9% were from 25 to 44; 30.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 6,586 people, 2,912 households, and 1,729 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,023.7 per square mile (782.4/km²). There were 3,426 housing units at an average density of 1,052.7 per square mile (407.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.90% White, 0.33% African American, 1.38% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.96% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.20% of the population.

There were 2,912 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 24.0% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,351, and the median income for a family was $41,816. Males had a median income of $35,347 versus $20,102 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,810. About 6.9% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

Industry[edit]

In its heyday, Manistee was home to a booming logging industry. Silas C. Overpack was a famous resident in the later part of the 19th century associated with logging. His well known invention that he made downtown was his logging wheels which was used in the logging industry from about 1875 until the later part of the 1920s.

In the late 19th century, Manistee was one of the leading shingle manufacturing cities in the world with over 30 shingle mills on the Manistee river at one time. During the lumber boom of the 1880s, Manistee had more millionaires per capita than anywhere else in the United States.[22]

Manistee is also associated with the salt industry. Manistee is now the home of three factories on Lake Manistee; Packaging Corporation of America, Morton Salt, and Martin Marietta. The town is also a local favorite for tourism and fishing.

Media[edit]

Manistee is home to two radio stations, WMTE (AM) (1340) and WMTE-FM (101.5). The Ludington Daily News, Manistee News Advocate and Traverse City Record-Eagle cover the Manistee area and distribute daily newspapers in the city.

Formerly distributing newspapers in Manistee included the Bear Lake Beacon, the Copemish Courier, the Manistee Advocate, the Manistee Daily Advocate (which became the Manistee News Advocate), the Manistee Daily News, the Manistee Democrat, and the Onekama Lake Breeze.

Movies[edit]

Manistee is home to 10 West Studios[23] which produces full-length motion pictures. Notable movies include: What If..., starring Kevin Sorbo and John Ratzenberger filmed in Manistee, Jerusalem Countdown featuring Randy Travis, Stacy Keach and Lee Majors, and Mickey Matson and the Copperhead Conspiracy starring Christopher Lloyd and Ernie Hudson also filmed in Manistee.

Area activities[edit]

  • Orchard Beach State Park is approximately 2 miles North of Manistee.
  • Little River Casino Resort is approximately 5 miles North-East of Manistee.
  • Manistee National Golf Resort is approximately 2 miles South of Manistee.
  • Manistee Golf and Country Club was established in 1901 and is located within the city of Manistee.
  • There are three public beaches, Fifth Avenue Beach with the small man-made lake next to Fifth Avenue Beach and First Street Beach, located respectively north and south of the harbor entrance on the shore of Lake Michigan.[24]

Local events and attractions[edit]

Manistee has museums, an opera house, and recurring events.[25] These include:

The S.S. City of Milwaukee, a retired railroad car ferry, in Manistee harbor

Retail[edit]

Manistee has a historic downtown with many original buildings from the Victorian era. The entire Downtown District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. There are a good variety of retail stores in Manistee, many of which are locally owned and operated.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Michigan Department of Corrections Oaks Correctional Facility is in Manistee Township, near Manistee.[43][44]

Recreation[edit]

  • Over 40 charter fishing boats[45] operate on Lake Michigan from Manistee County ports.
  • Fishing in the Manistee River can yield salmon and steelhead.[46]
  • Because a large portion of the county is public land, hunting is popular.
  • Filmmaker Michael Moore visited Manistee in February 2011 to support the restoration of the Vogue Theatre in downtown Manistee.[47]

Schools[edit]

Currently operating[edit]

Elementary

  • James Madison Elementary (DayCare, Pre-School, K), Manistee Area Public Schools
  • Thomas Jefferson Elementary (1-3), Manistee Area Public Schools
  • Trinity Lutheran School (K-8), Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod Private School
  • John F. Kennedy Elementary (Location of Former Middle School) (4-6), Manistee Area Public Schools

Secondary

  • Casman Alternative Academy (7-12), Provides an alternative education for those in Manistee County and surrounding areas.
  • Manistee High/Middle School (7-12), Manistee Area Public Schools, Class B/Division 3 ; Division 5 (Football) in sports

All grades

Formerly operating[edit]

Elementary

  • George Washington Elementary (K-6), Manistee Area Public Schools
  • Abraham Lincoln Elementary (K-6), Manistee Area Public Schools
  • John F. Kennedy Elementary (Parkdale Location) (4-5), Manistee Area Public Schools

Secondary

  • Guardian Angels Schools (7-12), Catholic Church School
  • St. Joseph Schools (K-12), Catholic Church School
  • Newland Academy (6-12), School (Type Unknown) (formerly "Lake Bluff Academy")[48]

Unknown

  • Tomaszewski Country School (K-8), School (One Room Country School)Closed 1959/60 Students moved to Parkdale School
  • Union School (?-?), School (Type Unknown)
  • Woodrow Wilson Elementary (?-?), Manistee Area Public Schools

Transportation[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Clarke Historical Library, Central, Michigan University, Bibliography for Manistee County
  8. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American Place Names of the United States. Norman: Oklahoma University Press, pg. 265
  9. ^ County place names
  10. ^ "Manistee County, Michigan". 50-State Learning Resource Guide. Retrieved 2009-04-07. 
  11. ^ City information, Manistee.
  12. ^ Helen Hornbeck Tanner. Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History. (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987) p. 165.
  13. ^ Powers, Perry F., and Cutler, Harry Gardner (1912). A History of Northern Michigan and Its People, pp. 374-75. Lewis Publishing Company.
  14. ^ H. R. Page & Co. (1882). "The Great Fire of 1871". History of Manistee County, Michigan. Chicago: H. R. Page & Co. 
  15. ^ Charter of the City of Manistee, Michigan (1904).
  16. ^ "Manistee woman cleared in racial slur case". Luddington Daily News. 11-06-2002. p. A3. 
  17. ^ Paul Craig Roberts (2002-11-14). "Costly immigration". The Washington Times. 
  18. ^ Spiros Gallos (2002-11-30). "Manistee woman still sour over 'insulting words' conviction". Luddington Daily News. p. A3. 
  19. ^ Suprynowicz, Vin (01-05-2003). "Jailed for speaking her mind". Las Vegas Review-Journal. p. 2E. 
  20. ^ Lighthouse facts
  21. ^ "Climate - Manistee Michigan - Climate Graph". U.S. Climate Data. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  22. ^ http://www.visitmanisteecounty.com/manistee
  23. ^ "10West Sudios". 10West Studios. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  24. ^ Beaches and local attraction, Visit Manistee.
  25. ^ Manistee Attractions, Events, Culture
  26. ^ Historic Arcadia
  27. ^ Bretheren Church and Museum, Manistee.
  28. ^ Lake Bluff Bird Sanctuary.
  29. ^ Lake Bluff Bird Sanctuary at Pure Michigan.
  30. ^ Lake Bluff Bird Sanctuary information, Michigan Audubon Society.
  31. ^ Manistee Art Institute, About us,
  32. ^ a b Manistee County Historical and Genealogical Society.
  33. ^ Manistee Fire Hall Historical marker Data base.
  34. ^ Manistee Fire Department.
  35. ^ Marilla Historical Museum, Visit Manistee.
  36. ^ Ramsdell Theatre.
  37. ^ Manistee Art Institute at Ramsdell Theatre.
  38. ^ River Walk, Visit Manistee.
  39. ^ SS City of Milwaukee
  40. ^ Victorian Sleighbell Parade and Old Christmas Weekend at Visit Manistee.
  41. ^ Cinema Treasures, Historic Vogue Theatre.
  42. ^ Waterworks Building and Museum, AAA, Michigan.
  43. ^ "Oaks Correctional Facility (ECF)." Michigan Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 10, 2010.
  44. ^ "Manistee township, Manistee County, Michigan." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 10, 2010.
  45. ^ Charter Fishing boats
  46. ^ Fly fishing connection.
  47. ^ "Michael Moore visiting Manistee's Vogue Theater". Muskegon Chronicle. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  48. ^ Braciszewski, Kevin. (March 31, 1998) Manistee County School has New Name, Ludington Daily News.
  49. ^ Fly Manistee
  50. ^ M-55 end point photos
  51. ^ M-22 (Michigan highway), [1]
  52. ^ "Biography for Robert Wadlow". IMDB. Retrieved March 6, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]