Manistique, Michigan

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City of Manistique, Michigan
City
Aerial view of Manistique. The Manistique River flows into Lake Michigan through the center of the city
Aerial view of Manistique. The Manistique River flows into Lake Michigan through the center of the city
Location of Manistique, Michigan
Location of Manistique, Michigan
Coordinates: 45°57′28″N 86°14′59″W / 45.95778°N 86.24972°W / 45.95778; -86.24972Coordinates: 45°57′28″N 86°14′59″W / 45.95778°N 86.24972°W / 45.95778; -86.24972
Country United States
State Michigan
County Schoolcraft
Area[1]
 • Total 3.51 sq mi (9.09 km2)
 • Land 3.19 sq mi (8.26 km2)
 • Water 0.32 sq mi (0.83 km2)
Elevation 600 ft (183 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,097
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,047
 • Density 970.8/sq mi (374.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 49854
Area code(s) 906
FIPS code 26-50760[4]
GNIS feature ID 1620685[5]
For the racehorse, see Manistique (horse).

Manistique, also Monistique, is the only incorporated city in and the county seat of Schoolcraft County[6] of the U.S. state of Michigan's Upper Peninsula . As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,097. The city lies on the north shore of Lake Michigan, at the southwest corner of Manistique Township, but is politically autonomous. Manistique was founded where the Manistique River flows into Lake Michigan, forming somewhat of a natural harbor, which has since been improved with breakwaters, dredging, and a lighthouse. The city takes its name from the Manistique River.[7] The economy also depends heavily on tourism.

History[edit]

Originally named Eastport, Manistique replaced Onota as the county seat.[8] Manistique was incorporated as village In 1885 and a city in 1901 by the state legislature. With the river originally spelled Monistique, a spelling error in the city charter led to its current spelling.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.51 square miles (9.09 km2), of which 3.19 square miles (8.26 km2) is land and 0.32 square miles (0.83 km2) is water.[1]

Transportation[edit]

Demographics[edit]

The Historic Manistique Water Tower and Schoolcraft County Museum.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 693
1910 4,722
1970 4,324
1980 3,962 −8.4%
1990 3,456 −12.8%
2000 3,583 3.7%
2010 3,097 −13.6%
Source: Census Bureau. Census 1880, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,097 people, 1,383 households, and 765 families residing in the city. The population density was 970.8 inhabitants per square mile (374.8 /km2). There were 1,617 housing units at an average density of 506.9 per square mile (195.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.0% White, 0.2% African American, 9.7% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 1,383 households of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.7% were non-families. 40.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 43 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 20.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Manistique has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Manistique, Michigan
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b Sawyer, Alvah L. (2005) [1911]. "Chapter XX: Schoolcraft and Delta Counties". A history of the northern peninsula of Michigan and its people. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Library. pp. 351–353. Retrieved 2006-09-12. 
  8. ^ "Schoolcraft County". History of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Library. 2005 [1883]. p. 547. Retrieved 2006-09-12. 
  9. ^ "ST. IGNACE-SAULT STE. MARIE-IRONWOOD". Indian Trails. January 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Manistique, Michigan