Manitoba Highway 1

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Trans-Canada Highway 1 shield

Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
Route information
Length: 490 km (304 mi)
Existed: 1942 – present
Major junctions
West end: Saskatchewan border near Kirkella
continues west as Hwy 1 (TCH) towards Whitewood and Regina
  PTH 41 at Kirkella
PTH 83 near Virden
PTH 21 near Griswold
PTH 10 in Brandon
PTH 5 near Carberry
PTH 34 near Austin
PTH 16 near Portage la Prairie
PTH 26 near Portage la Prairie
PTH 13 near Oakville
PTH 26 near St. François Xavier
PTH 100 / PTH 101 in Winnipeg
PTH 59 in Winnipeg
PTH 12 near Ste. Anne
PTH 11 near Hadashville
East end: Ontario border near West Hawk Lake
continues east as Highway 17 / TCH towards Kenora and Thunder Bay
Location
Major cities: Brandon, Portage la Prairie, Winnipeg
Towns: Elkhorn, Virden, MacGregor, Elie, Ste. Anne, Falcon Lake
Highway system

Manitoba provincial highways

PTH 110 PTH 1A

Provincial Trunk Highway 1 (PTH 1) is the Manitoba section of the Trans-Canada Highway mainline route. It is a heavily used, 4-lane divided highway, with the exception of a short 18 km section in the southeastern corner of the province. It is the main link between southern Manitoba's largest cities, and also serves as the province's main transportation link to the neighbouring provinces of Saskatchewan (to the west) and Ontario (to the east). The highway is the only major east-west divided highway in Manitoba, and carries a large majority of east-west traffic within and through the province. It has full freeway status sections at Portage La Prairie and Winnipeg. The total distance of the Trans-Canada Highway in Manitoba is 490 km (300 mi).

Manitoba Highway 1 is a very important part of the national highway system in Canada, as it is the sole highway linking the eastern and western regions of the country. It is the only road that links the province of Manitoba with the province of Ontario, making it a major section of Canada's primary commercial and leisure route for all traffic travelling between Canada's largest cities, from Toronto and Montreal in the east to Calgary and Vancouver in the west.

Routing[edit]

Eastbound on the Trans Canada Highway in south-western Manitoba near Carberry.

The highway is routed from west to east across the province of Manitoba. It begins at the western provincial boundary with Saskatchewan, connecting with Saskatchewan's Highway 1 to become Manitoba Trans-Canada 1. The highway is designated as T-C 1 throughout Manitoba until it reaches the eastern provincial boundary with Ontario, where it continues as the main route to Kenora, Ontario and the rest of Eastern Canada as Highway 17.

The entire length of the Trans-Canada Highway in the province of Manitoba is a 4-lane divided highway, with the exception of the Winnipeg city route and an 18 kilometre section in eastern Manitoba between the town of Falcon Lake and the Manitoba-Ontario provincial boundary which is a two-lane highway.

Manitoba PTH 1 has full expressway status on the routes around Winnipeg on the Perimeter Highway, and around Portage La Prairie. Plans do exist to bring the entire length of Highway 1 (except the Winnipeg city route) to full expressway status in the future (mentioned at the list of Manitoba expressways). Currently, exit numbers only exist at three interchanges,[1] and only small sections of Highway 1 and the Perimeter Highway have freeway status.

In the Winnipeg metro area, the Trans-Canada Highway has two official routes. The main route passes directly through the city of Winnipeg on city streets, entering the city from the west and continuing along Portage Avenue, Broadway, Main Street, Queen Elizabeth Way, St.Mary's Road, St.Anne's Road, and Fermor Avenue where it re-joins the Perimeter Highway (T-C 100) and continues east on TC 1. An alternate routing exits the main T-C 1 route on the western edge of Winnipeg onto the Perimeter Highway (T-C 100), which by-passes the city completely. The Perimeter Highway is a ring road which encircles Winnipeg and is frequently used by commuters and through traffic on the Trans Canada Highway wishing to avoid congested city streets.

History[edit]

The first provincial trunk highways in Manitoba were numbered in 1926.[2] The original highway 1 was one of nine highways fanning out from Winnipeg, but was different in that it fanned out from the west and the east. Highway 1 was routed via many already-existing highways and provincial secondary roads. (From west to east), these are:[3][4][5]

The "Welcome to Manitoba" sign, entering Manitoba from Saskatchewan at the provincial boundary on TCH 1.

By the early 1950s, Highway 1 had become an important east-west route in all of the western provinces. Most of the provincial highways that Highway 1 originally traversed on were re-numbered and designated as Highway 4 between 1958 and 1968, and the #1 was relocated to its present route. In 1962, the Trans-Canada Highway in Manitoba was fully completed, and Highway 1 across all of the western provinces was incorporated as part of the Trans-Canada Highway.

In 1955, most intra-city traffic in the Winnipeg area was diverted onto the (then) newly built Perimeter Highway. Later that year, the Perimeter Highway's southern (PTH 100) section was merged with the Trans-Canada Highway system, due to the amount of traffic using it to bypass the city. That section of the highway was highly used, and still is today.

Recent History[edit]

On October 6, 2006 the Trans-Canada Highway Portage La Prairie by-pass was closed due to a structural defect found in the bridge over the CN Rail Line. On October 31, 2007, a $19 million project to rebuild the bridge was completed, and the by-pass was fully re-opened to traffic.

On October 25, 2007, a major federal/provincial construction project twinning the highway in western Manitoba between the Saskatchewan-Manitoba provincial boundary and the town of Hargrave was completed, with 34 kilometres (21 mi) of newly divided highway lanes opened to traffic.

On April 9, 2008, the Government of Manitoba announced that construction of a new interchange would begin in the summer of 2008 at the intersection of Highway 16 (the Yellowhead Highway) and the Trans Canada Highway mainline route, located a short distance west of Portage la Prairie.[6] This project has been delayed and is now scheduled for completion by 2015.[7]

Speed limits[edit]

On February 27, 2008 the Manitoba Highway Traffic Board approved a request by the Government of Manitoba to raise the speed limit on the Trans Canada Highway in Manitoba to 110 km/h along the section between the Saskatchewan-Manitoba provincial boundary and Winnipeg.[8] The speed limit was officially raised on July 1, 2009, though it was only raised on one portion of the highway between the Saskatchewan provincial boundary to Virden.[9] The remainder of the highway is still at 100 km/h, but this may change in the future.

Westbound driving from Kenora, Ontario to Winnipeg, near Lorette (East of Winnipeg)

Saskatchewan provincial boundary to Virden- 110 km/h (68 mph)

Virden- 80 km/h (50 mph)

Western Manitoba- 100 km/h (60 mph)

Brandon- 80 km/h (50 mph)

Portage La Prairie (Freeway)- 100 km/h (60 mph)

Elie- 80 km/h (50 mph)

Headingley-70 km/h (40 mph)

Winnipeg bypass (Perimeter Hwy. PTH #100) - 100 km/h (60 mph)

Winnipeg city route

Portage Ave. - 60 km/h (35 mph) (50 km/h (30 mph) in downtown)

Broadway - 50 km/h (30 mph)

Queen Elizabeth Way. (S. Main Street) - 60 km/h (35 mph)

St. Mary's Rd. - 60 km/h (35 mph)

St. Anne's Rd. - 60 km/h (35 mph)

Fermor Ave. (To Autumnwood Dr./Lakewood Blvd.) - 70 km/h (40 mph)

Fermor Ave. (To Lagimodiere Blvd.) 80 km/h (50 mph)

Fermor Ave. (To Perimeter Hwy.) - 90 km/h (55 mph)

Eastern Manitoba- 100 km/h (60 mph)

All at-grade intersections with traffic lights -80 km/h (50 mph)

List of exits/intersections[edit]

The following is a list of exits/intersections along PTH 1. Only named (in cities and towns only) and numbered highway intersections are included. (In Winnipeg, only major road intersections are included). This list is routed from West to East, starting at the Saskatchewan-Manitoba boundary to the Manitoba-Ontario provincial boundary.

Saskatchewan provincial boundary to Brandon[edit]

km Municipality Location Interescting highway Notes
0 Saskatchewan-Manitoba Boundary Hwy 1 (TCH) west – Moosomin, Whitewood, Indian Head, Regina Manitoba section of Trans-Canada Highway
PTH 1 begins
6 R.M. of Wallace Kirkella PTH 41 north – McAuley, St. Lazare, Binscarth
PR 542 south – Kola
18 Elkhorn PR 256 (Cavendish St.) – McAuley, Cromer, Pierson
19 Maharg Rd.
20 Richhill Ave. / Mile 66N formerly PR 441 east
32 Hargrave Mile 158W formerly PR 252 south
35 PTH 83 north – Miniota, Birtle, Russell begin PTH 83 south concurrence
40 PR 259 east – Lenore, Kenton
41 PTH 83 south – Pipestone, Melita, Minot end PTH 83 south concurrence
44 Virden Thomas Dr.
45 King St. Secondary access to PR 259 east – Lenore, Kenton
48 PR 257 west – Kola
62 R.M. of Sifton PR 254 south – Oak Lake Beach begin PR 254 north concurrence
67 Oak Lake PR 254 north – Lenore end PR 254 north concurrence
80 Griswold PTH 21 – Shoal Lake, Hamiota, Hartney, Deloraine
92 R.M. of Whitehead Alexander PR 250 north – Rivers, Newdale begin PR 250 south concurrence
96 PR 250 south – Souris end PR 250 south concurrence
104 PTH 1A east – Brandon (City Route) PTH 1 turns northeast and descends into Grand Valley
trucks required to stay on PTH 1 due to a substandard railway underpass east of Kemnay on PTH 1A
PTH 1A is known as Victoria Avenue and 1st Street inside Brandon city limits
109 PR 459 east (Grand Valley Rd.) – Brandon PTH 1 passes over the Assiniboine River and turns east after ascending out of Grand Valley
112 R.M. of Elton / R.M. of Cornwallis PR 270 north – Rapid City, Basswood

Brandon[edit]

km City Location Interescting highway Notes
120 Brandon PTH 10 south (18th Street N.) – Brandon, Boissevain, International Peace Garden begin PTH 10 north concurrence
121 Black St.
122 PTH 10 north – Minnedosa, Wasagaming, Dauphin
PTH 1A west (1st Street N.) – Brandon City Centre
end PTH 10 north concurrence

Brandon to Portage La Prairie[edit]

km Municipality Location Interescting highway Notes
126 R.M. of Elton / R.M. of Cornwallis PTH 110 south – Brandon by-pass
130 PR 468 – Justice, Chater
138 PR 340 south – Douglas, Shilo, Wawanesa
146 R.M. of North Cypress PR 464 north – Brookdale, Neepawa
147 PR 351 east – Carberry old Highway 1
163 PTH 5 – Neepawa, Carberry, Glenboro, Cartwright formerly PR 258
181 PR 351 west – Melbourne, Carberry old Highway 1
183 R.M. of North Norfolk Sidney PR 352 – Edrans, Arden, Birnie
195 Austin PTH 34 – Gladstone, Holland, Pilot Mound
208 MacGregor PR 350 – Woodside, Katrime, Lavenham
218 Bagot PR 242 – Westbourne, Treherne, Somerset
230 R.M. of Portage La Prairie Bloom PTH 16 west (YH) – Gladstone, Neepawa, Minnedosa, Russell
PR 305 south – Hood Bridge, St. Claude
Yellowhead Highway (not numbered)
continues along PTH 1 to Winnipeg

Portage La Prairie[edit]

km City Location Interescting highway Notes
238 Portage La Prairie PTH 1A east (city route) – Portage La Prairie
247 PR 240 (River Rd.) – Portage la Prairie, St. Claude
252 PTH 1A west (Saskatchewan Avenue E.) – Portage La Prairie (City Route) Westbound exit only
253 PTH 26 east – Poplar Point, St. François Xavier old Highway 1

Portage La Prairie to Winnipeg[edit]

km Municipality Location Interescting highway/road/street Notes
268 R.M. of Portage La Prairie PTH 13 south – Oakville, Elm Creek, Carman
PR 430 north – Poplar Point, St. Ambroise
276 Fortier Road formerly PR 331 west
279 R.M. of Cartier Benard Benard Road formerly PR 426 north
287 Elie PR 248 – Marquette, St. Eustache, Fannystelle
296 PR 332 south – Dacotah, Starbuck, Brunkild
304 PR 424 – St. Eustache, Springstein formerly PR 241
306 PTH 26 west – St. François Xavier, Poplar Point old Highway 1
311 R.M. of Headingley Gaol Road Gaol Road access to Headingley Correctional Centre
313 PR 334 north (Dobbs Road) – Rosser begin PR 334 south concurrence
314 Hudson St
314 PR 334 south (Monterey Road) – Sanford end PR 334 south concurrence
315 Lyons Street / Bresaylor Road
316 Cameron Street / Inglenook Road

Winnipeg[edit]

(Major roads only, as there are many local roads PTH 1 intersects.)

km Municipality Location Intersecting highway/route/street Notes
317 Winnipeg Camp Manitou Road PTH 1 enters Winnipeg as Portage Avenue
318 Race Track Road / McCarthy Street Access to Assiniboia Downs and Red River Exhibition grounds
319 PTH 101 north / PTH 100 east – Selkirk, Falcon Lake, Kenora Route 85 begins
319.5 Buchanan Blvd.
320.5

Cavalier Dr.

321 Westwood Dr.
323 Sturgeon Rd.
325 Route 96 south (Moray St)
327 Route 90 (Century St) northbound access to Winnipeg International Airport
327.5 Empress St northbound access to Polo Park Shopping Centre
329 Broadway PTH 1 diverts east on to Broadway
Yellowhead Highway continues along Route 85 east (Portage Ave)
329.5 Route 70 south (Maryland St)
329.5 Route 70 north (Sherbrook St)
330.5 Route 62 (Osborne Street) Manitoba Legislature is located on south-east corner
331 Route 42 south (Donald Street)
331 Route 42 north (Smith St)
331.5 Route 52 (Main St) Broadway ends at Union Station
PTH 1 turns south on Main St.
332 joins Route 52 (Queen Elizabeth Way) from the Main Street Bridge to the Norwood Bridge PTH 1 crosses the Assiniboine River and the Red River;
route now becomes St. Mary's Road
332 Route 115 east (Marion St)
335 Route 150 (Ste. Anne's Rd) PTH 1 turns southeast from St. Mary's Rd onto Ste. Anne's Rd
337 Route 135 (Fermor Ave) PTH 1 turns east on Fermor Ave
339 Route 30 north (Archibald St). access to St. Boniface and the Winnipeg Stock Yards
342 PTH 59 / Route 20 (Lagimodiere Blvd) southbound access to the Royal Canadian Mint
345 Plessis Rd.
349 PTH 101 north / PTH 100 west (Perimeter Highway) – Selkirk, Portage la Prairie, Brandon PTH 1 leaves Winnipeg
Route 135 ends

Winnipeg to Ontario provincial boundary[edit]

km Municipality Location Interescting highway Notes
351 R.M. of Springfield PR 207 – Birds Hill, Lorette, Ste. Anne Deacon's Corner
359 R.M. of Taché PR 206 north – Dugald, Oakbank begin PR 206 south concurrence
362 PR 206 south – Landmark end PR 206 south concurrence
366 PR 501 east – Ste. Geneniéve, Ross
373 R.M. of Ste. Anne PTH 12 – Beausejour, Ste. Anne, Steinbach, Piney, Warroad
385 PR 207 west – Ste. Anne, Lorette
392 Richer PR 302 – Beausejour, La Broquerie, Vita
418 R.M. of Reynolds Forestry Rd. formerly PR 506 north
432 PTH 11 north – Elma, Whitemouth, Lac Du Bonnet, Powerview-Pine Falls
434 PR 503 east
440 PR 506 north (Birch River Road)
454 PR 308 south – East Braintree, Moose Lake, Sprague
476 Whiteshell Provincial Park PR 301 east – Falcon Lake, Star Lake
486 PTH 44 west – West Hawk Lake, Whitemouth, Beausejour, Lockport
490 Manitoba-Ontario Boundary Highway 17 / TCH east – Kenora, Dryden, Ignace, Thunder Bay PTH 1 ends

See also[edit]

Route map: Bing

References[edit]

Preceded by
SK Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
MB Highway 1
Succeeded by
Ontario 17.png ON Highway 17
Preceded by
MB Highway 16
Preceded by
MB Highway 100
Succeeded by
MB Highway 100