Manitoga (Russel Wright Home)
Dragon Rock at Manitoga, south elevation, 2009
|Location||Garrison, New York|
|Nearest city||Peekskill, New York|
|Area||75 acres (30 ha)|
|Architect||Russel and Mary Wright
David L. Leavitt
|Governing body||Russel Wright Design Center|
|NRHP Reference #||96001269|
|Added to NRHP||1996|
Manitoga was the estate and modernist home of industrial designer Russel Wright (1904-1976). It is located along New York State Route 9D south of Garrison, New York (US), a short distance north of the Bear Mountain Bridge.
Wright named his masterful synthesis of architecture and nature Manitoga after Algonquin words meaning "place of great spirit". Today, the home, studio and surrounding woodland garden uniquely convey Wright's enduring ideas about good design and living in harmony with nature.
The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. In 2006 the Department of the Interior designated it a National Historic Landmark, the only one to date in Putnam County. Manitoga is a member of the National Trust's Historic Artists' Homes and Studios program and a 2012 World Monuments Watch Site. It is one of the few modern homes open to the public in New York State.
Wright and his wife Mary acquired the property in 1942. The 75 acres (30 ha) had been devastated by previous logging and quarrying, common in the Hudson Highlands in the early 20th century. The couple designed the property with sustainability in mind, a concept not widely applied at the time. In his reclamation efforts, Wright redirected a mountain stream and designed a 30-foot (9.1 m) multi-level waterfall to transform an abandoned quarry pit into an enchanting swimming pond. In addition to trees, streams, boulders, moss and native plants, his woodland landscape design incorporated stone steps, terraces and bridges.
Following Mary's death in 1952, Wright built his experimental home and studio directly into the rock ledge of the quarry. The structures have green roofs, built-in elements and expansive walls of glass, offering dramatic views of the waterfall and surrounding landscape. Their design recalls Japanese temple architecture and an Asian sensibility in handcrafted details and in their deference to nature.
Manitoga includes 4 miles (6.4 km) of walking trails that Wright designed, with numerous plantings. The trails connect with the Appalachian Trail alongside the neighboring ridge of Canada Hill in Hudson Highlands State Park via the Osborne Loop. The outer trails are open to the public daily until sunset for a suggested donation. Guided tours of Dragon Rock - the house, studio and inner landscape - are offered Fridays, Saturdays, and Sundays at 11am and 1:30pm by advanced booking.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Putnam County, New York
- List of National Historic Landmarks in New York
- "Russel Wright and Modern America", by James Zemaitis, in ArtNet Magazine - (Accessed 8/29/2007)
- The Russel Wright Design Center: Manitoga - Gardens and Dragon Rock
- The Russel Wright Design Center - Russel Wright biography
- Putnam County Visitors Bureau