Manius Acilius Glabrio (consul 191 BC)

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For others with this or a similar name, see Manius Acilius Glabrio (disambiguation) and Acilia (gens).

Manius Acilius Glabrio was a consul of the Roman Republic in 191 BC.[1] He came from an illustrious plebeian family (gens) whose members held magistracies throughout the Republic and into the Imperial era.[2]

Career[edit]

Glabrio was a tribune of the plebs in 201 BC, plebeian aedile in 197, and praetor peregrinus in 195.[3]

As consul, Glabrio defeated the Seleucid ruler Antiochus the Great at the Battle of Thermopylae, and compelled him to leave Greece. He then turned his attention to the Aetolian League, who had persuaded Antiochus to declare war against Rome, and was only prevented from crushing them by the intercession of Titus Quinctius Flamininus.[2]

In 189 BC, Glabrio was a candidate for the censorship, but was opposed by a patrician faction.[4] He was accused by the tribunes of having concealed a portion of the Syrian spoils in his own house; his legate gave evidence against him, and he withdrew his candidature.

He was the first Roman to introduce the practice of overlaying statues with gold, a practice he initiated after having defeated Antiochus the Great.[5]

Legacy[edit]

It is probable that Glabrio was the author of the law which left it to the discretion of the pontiffs to insert or omit the intercalary month of the year; see Roman calendar.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ For the magistrates and the events of 191 B.C.: T. Robert S. Broughton: The Magistrates Of The Roman Republic. Vol. 1: 509 B.C. - 100 B.C.. Cleveland / Ohio: Case Western Reserve University Press, 1951. Reprint 1968. (Philological Monographs. Edited by the American Philological Association. Vol. 15, 1), p. 352-355
  2. ^ a b c  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Glabrio 1.". Encyclopædia Britannica 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ Broughton, MRR2, p. 525.
  4. ^ Livy Ab urbe condita XXXVII 57,9-58,2
  5. ^ Macellinus, Ammianus. The Roman History. 14:6:8. 
Preceded by
Lucius Quinctius Flamininus and Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica
191 BC
Succeeded by
Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus and Gaius Laelius