Man Mohan Adhikari

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Man Mohan Adhikari (Nepali: मन मोहन अधिकारी June 1920 – April 26, 1999) was the Prime Minister of Nepal from 1994 to 1995, representing the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist). He was the first democratically-elected Communist Party member to be PM in Nepal.

Born in Lazimpat, Kathmandu, Nepal, he spent his childhood in Biratnagar. He was sent to Varanasi to study in 1938. While studying for his B.Sc. in 1942, Man Mohan took part in Quit India movement and he was arrested by the British colonial authorities and put to jail along with other politicians.

During his stay in India Man Mohan became involved in the communist movement, joining the Communist Party of India. He returned to Nepal, where he became a trade union leader in Biratnagar. He took part in the founding of the Communist Party of Nepal in 1949.

Communism in Nepal
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During the Bangladesh Liberation War, Adhikari asserted that the war was an Indian aggression against Pakistan.[1]

After his death, Madhav Kumar Nepal succeeded him as party leader.

He was one of the few democratically elected communist party members in the world to serve as head of the government.


  1. ^ Parajulee, Ramjee P.. The Democratic Transition in Nepal. Rowman & Littlefield, 2000. p. 57
  • "Obituary of Man Mohan Adhikari Communist Prime Minister of Nepal". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Group Limited). April 27, 1999. 
  • "COMMUNIST VOTED PM". Herald Sun (News Limited.). May 6, 1999. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Girija Prasad Koirala
Prime Minister of Nepal
1994 – 1995
Succeeded by
Sher Bahadur Deuba