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Manna Dey after Getting D.Litt degree from Rabindra Bharati University (May 2004)
|Birth name||Prabodh Chandra Dey|
May 1, 1919 |
Calcutta, British India (now India)
Prabodh Chandra Dey (born 1 May 1919; better known by his nickname Manna Dey (Bengali: মান্না দে), is a playback singer in Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Malayalam, Kannada, Assamese films. Along with Mohammed Rafi, Kishore Kumar, Mukesh he was a part of Indian film playback music industry. He is rated as the best[according to whom?] classical singer among all singers of Hindi film music, though he sang various types of songs from pop to folk. He has recorded more than 3500 songs over the course of his career. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Shri in 1971, the Padma Bhushan in 2005 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2007.
Dey was born to Purna Chandra (father) and Mahamaya Dey (mother) on May 1, 1919. Besides his parents, his youngest paternal uncle, Sangeetacharya (meaning "Venerable Teacher of Music" in Sanskrit), K. C. Dey highly inspired and influenced him. Dey received his early education in a small pre-primary school named Indu Babur Pathshala. Thereafter he attended Scottish Church Collegiate School and Scottish Church College, followed by Vidyasagar College where he received his graduate education.
During Dey’s years at Scottish Church College, he sang to entertain his classmates. He began taking singing lessons from his uncle, Krishna Chandra Dey and Ustad Dabir Khan. During this period, Manna Dey stood first for three consecutive years in three different categories of inter-collegiate singing competitions.
In 1942, Dey accompanied Krishna Chandra Dey on a visit to Bombay. There he started working as an assistant. First under Krishna Chandra Dey, and then under Sachin Dev Burman. Later, he assisted other music composers and then started to work independently. While working independently as a music director for various Hindi movies, Manna Dey continued to take musical lessons in Hindustani classical music from Ustad Aman Ali Khan and Ustad Abdul Rahman Khan.
Dey started his career in playback singing with the movie, Tamanna, in 1943. The musical score was by Krishna Chandra Dey and Manna sang a duet with Suraiya. The song was an instant hit. He sang a solo composed by Sachin Dev Burman, Upar Gagan Vishal, in the 1950 movie, Mashal. Its lyrics were written by Kavi Pradeep. In 1952, Dey sang for a Bengali and a Marathi movie with the same name and storyline, Amar Bhupali. This established him as a leading playback singer.
Dey recorded popular duets with Mohd. Rafi, Dey sang 58 duets like "Isq Isq" (Barsaat Ki Raat) "Tu hai mera prem Devta (Kalpana), "Mama o mama" (Parvarish). With Lata Mangeshkar, Manna recorded 113 duets including Yeh raat bhigi bhigi,"Pyar hua iqrar hua", "Aja sanam madhur chandni mein hum", "Ritu aye". With Asha Bhosle, Manna recorded more than 100 duets including "Re man sur me ga", "Tu chupi hai kahan", "Zindegi hai khel". Dey also sang with singer/composer, Hemant Kumar (Hemanta Mukherjee), in Bengali movies, and also for some other Bengali composers like Nachiketa Ghosh and Sudhin Dasgupta. He sang a duet, "Ke Prothom Kachhe Esechi", with Lata Mangeshkar in the movie Sankhyabela. He also performed Rabindra Sangeet and has recorded over 3500 songs. In addition to film songs, Dey has released several albums of devotional songs of Jagadguru Shree Kripaluji Maharaj.
He was presented the Filmfare Life Time Achievement Award in 2011.
Personal life 
On 18 December 1953, Manna Dey married Sulochana Kumaran from Kerala, they have two daughters: Shuroma, born on October 19, 1956 and Sumita, born on June 20, 1958. Sulochana died in Bangalore on January 18, 2012. She had been suffering from cancer for some time. Manna Dey currently lives in Bangalore in the township of Kalyannagar after spending more than fifty years in Mumbai. He also maintains a Calcutta address. He still travels widely in the world to present musical programs.
Dey's Bengali language autobiography, Jiboner Jalsaghorey, has been published by the renowned Ananda Publisher in the year 2005 which has been translated in English as Memories Come Alive, in Hindi as Yaden Jee Uthi and in Marathi as Jiboner Jalsaghorey.
Jibaner Jalsaghore, a documentary on Dey's life, was released in 2008. Manna Dey Sangeet Academy is developing a complete archive on Manna Dey. In association with Rabindra Bharati University, Kolkata, the Manna Dey Music Archive has been developed in the Sangeet Bhawan.
He has also lent his voice for Madhushala, composed by Late Harivansh Rai Bachchan.
Accolades and awards 
The following is the list of Manna Dey's other awards:
- 1969 National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer for the Hindi Film Mere Huzur
- 1971 National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer for the Bengali film Nishi Padma and Hindi film Mera Naam Joker 
- 1971 Padma Shri Award by Government of India
- 1972 Filmfare Award for Best Male Playback Singer for Mera Naam Joker
- 1985 Lata Mangeshkar Award awarded by Government of Madhya Pradesh
- 1988 Michale Sahittyo Puraskar awarded by Renaissance Sanskritik Parishad, Dhaka
- 1990 Shyamal Mitra Award by Mithun Fans Association
- 1991 Sangeet Swarnachurr Award awarded by Shree Khetra Kala Prakashika, Puri
- 1993 P.C.Chandra Award by P.C.Chandra Group & others
- 1999 Kamala Devi Roy Award by Kamala Devi Group
- 2001 Anandalok Lifetime Award by the Anandabazar Group
- 2002 Special Jury Swaralaya Yesudas Award for outstanding performance in music
- 2003 Alauddin Khan Award by the Government of West Bengal
- 2004 National Award as Playback singer by Government of Kerala
- 2004 Hony D. Lit Award by the Rabindra Bharati University
- 2005 Lifetime Achievement award by the Government of Maharashtra
- 2005 Padma Bhushan Award by the Government of India
- 2007 First AKSHAYA Award by Government of Orissa
- 2007 Awarded the Dada Saheb Phalke Award by the Government of India
- 2008 Hony D. Lit Award by Jadavpur University
- 2011 Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award
- 2011 Banga-Vibhushan by Government of West Bengal
- Tamanna (1942))
- Ramrajya (1943)
- Jwar Bhata (1944)
- Kavita (1944)
- Mahakavi Kalidas (1944)
- Vikramaditya (1945)
- Prabhu Ka Ghar (1946)
- Valmiki (1946)
- Geetgobind (1947)
- Ham bhi Insaan Hai (1948)
- Awaara (1951)
- Andolan (1951)
- Rajput (1951)
- Jeevan Nauka (1952)
- Qurbani (1952)
- Parineeta' '(1953)
- Chitrangada (1953)
- Mahatma (1953)
- Boot Polish (1954)
- Baadban (1954)
- Mahatma Kabir (1954)
- Ramayan (1954)
- Shree 420 (1955)
- Seema (1955)
- Devdaas (1955)
- Jai Mahadev (1955)
- Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje (1955)
- Chori Chori (1956)
- Do Aankhen Barah Haath (1957)
- Amar Singh Rathaur (1957)
- Janam Janam ke phere (1957)
- Johnny Walker (1957)
- Laal Batti (1957)
- Miss India (1957)
- Narshi Bhagat (1957)
- Naya Zamana (1957)
- Pardesi (1957)
- Parvarish (1958)
- Post Box 999 (1958)
- Anaadi (1959)
- Chacha Zindabad (1959)
- Kavi Kalidas (1959)
- Navrang (1959)
- Ujala (1959)
- Angulimaal' (1960)
- Anuradha (1960)
- Bambai ka Babu (1960)
- Barsaat Ki Raat (1960)
- Bewaqoof (1960)
- Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai (1960)
- Kala Bazar (1960)
- Kalpana (1960)
- Kabuliwala (1961)
- Baat Ek Raat Ki (1962)
- Dil Hi To Hai(1963)
- Rustam Sohrab (1963)
- Ustaadon Ke Ustaad (1963)
- Chitralekha (1964)
- Waqt (1965)
- Love in Tokyo (1966)
- Teesri Kasam (1966)
- Pyar Kiye Ja (1966)
- Upkaar (1967)
- Raat Aur Din (1967)
- Aamne Samne (1967)
- Palki (1967)
- Nawab Sirajdoula
- Boond Jo Ban Gaya Moti (1967)
- Padosan (1968)
- Mere Huzoor (1968)
- Neel Kamal (1968)
- Ram aur Rahim (1968)
- Ek Phool Do Mali (1969)
- Chanda Aur Bijli (1969)
- Jyoti (1969)
- Nishi Padma (1970)
- Mera Naam Joker (1970)
- Anand (1971)
- Johar Mehmood in Hong Kong (1971)
- Jane Anjane (1971)
- Lal Patthar (1971)
- Buddha Mil Gaya (1971)
- Anubhav (1971)
- Paraya Dhan (1971)
- Reshma Aur Shera (1971)
- Chemmeen (Malayalam)
- Bawarchi (1972)
- Seeta Aur Geeta (1972)
- Shor (1972)
- Zindagi Zindagi (1972)
- Avishkaar (1973)
- Dil Ki Rahe (1973)
- Hindustan Ki Kasam (1973)
- Sampurna Ramayan (1973)
- Saudagar (1973)
- Zanjeer (1973)
- Bobby (1973)
- Resham ki Dori (1974)
- Us Paar (1974)
- Sholay (1975)
- Himalaya Se Ooncha (1975)
- Sanyasi (1975)
- Ponga Pandit (1975)
- Jai Santoshi Ma (1975)
- Das Mnambati (1976)
- Mehbooba (1976)
- Amar Akbar Anthony (1977)
- Anurodh (1977)
- Minoo (1977)
- Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki (1978)
- Satyam Shivam Sundaram (1978)
- Jurmana (1978)
- Abdullah (1980)
- Choro Ki Baraat
- Karz (1980)
- Laawaris (1981)
- Prahaar (1990)
- Guria (1997)
- Umar (2006)
- "Padmabhusan Manna Dey". Mannadey.in. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- Dey, Manna. "Manna Dey official websie". Manna Dey.
- "Music Singer Colossus". Screen. 28 July 2009. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- Kinnear, M. 1985. A discography of Hindustani and Karnatic music. Greenwood Press.
- "18th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India.
- "18th National Film Awards (PDF)". Directorate of Film Festivals.
Further reading 
- Autobiography in Bengali, Jeeboner Jalsaghorey, published by Anada Publishers, Kolkata.
- Autobiography in English, Memories Come Alive, published by Penguin Books.
- Autobiography in Hindi, Yadein Jee Uthi, published by Penguin Books.
- Autobiography in Marathi "Jeeboner Jalsaghorey", published by Sahitya Prasar Academy, Nagpur.
- A biography of Sri Manna Dey in Bengali, Manna Dey Mannyoboreshu, by Dr Gautam Roy, published by Anjali Publishers, Kolkata.
- Manna Dey official website
- Manna Dey interview at 90 in Anandabazar Patrika
- Manna Dey's interview by Chandan Mitra
- Manna Dey's interview by Shekhar Gupta
- "Ai Mere Pyare Watan" Little India article
- "Being Manna Dey: The modest musical maestro" - IBNLive interview