Mannar Island

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Mannar
மன்னார்
Island
Mannar is located in Sri Lanka
Mannar
Mannar
Coordinates: 9°03′0″N 79°50′0″E / 9.05000°N 79.83333°E / 9.05000; 79.83333
Country Sri Lanka
Province Northern
District Mannar
DS Division Mannar

Mannar Island (Tamil: மன்னார் தீவு), formerly called Manar Island, is part of Mannar District, Sri Lanka. It is linked to the main island of Sri Lanka by a causeway. It has an area of about 50 square kilometres, mainly covered with vegetation and sand. Adam's Bridge (Tamil:ஆதம் பாலம், [1] is a chain of limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, off the southeastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar Island, off the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka. Geological evidence suggests that this bridge is a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka.

Between 1914 and 1964, there was a train and ferry link from mainland India via Dhanushkodi and Talaimannar to Colombo, but this was not resumed after the disastrous damages caused by a cyclone in 1964.

The island is dry and barren; fishing is economically important.[1]

Its main settlements are Mannar and Erukkulampiddi on its eastern coast and Pesalai on its northern coast, all connected by the A14 road which leads across the bridge to mainland Sri Lanka[2][3]

Mannar Island and adjacent Adam's Bridge

Coordinates: 9°03′N 79°50′E / 9.050°N 79.833°E / 9.050; 79.833

References[edit]

  1. ^ Britannica article.
  2. ^ Google. Google Maps (Map).
  3. ^ Microsoft and Harris Corporation Earthstar Geographics LLC. Bing Maps (Map).