Mannar Line

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Mannar Line
Overview
Type Regional rail
System Sri Lanka Railways
Status Functioning up to Madhu Road
Termini Medawachchiya Junction
Talaimannar
Stations 11
Operation
Opening 1914
Reopened 14th May 2013
Owner Sri Lanka Railways
Operator(s) Sri Lanka Railways
Technical
Line length 106 km (66 mi)
No. of tracks 1
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Electrification No
Route map
Mannar Line
Talaimannar
Mannar
Gulf of Mannar
Murunkan
Madhu Road
Cheddikulam
Neriyakulam
Northern Line to Kankesanthurai
Medawachchiya Junction
Northern Line to Colombo Fort

The Mannar Line is a railway line in Sri Lanka. Branching off the Northern Line at Medawachchiya Junction, the line heads north-west through North Central and Northern provinces before terminating at the town of Talaimannar. The line is 106 kilometres (66 mi) long and has 11 stations.[1] The line opened in 1914.[2]

History[edit]

International goal[edit]

The Mannar Line was built as part of a plan to create a rail link between Sri Lanka and India. A 22-mile bridge to link the two countries had been proposed as early as 1894, by the Consultant Engineer for railways in Madras (Chennai). The proposal was given serious consideration and a technical blueprint and cost analysis was conducted. By 1914, the Mannar line was built to connect Talaimannar on Mannar Island to the Sri Lankan mainland. On the Indian side, the Indian railway network was extended to Dhanushkodi. The international bridge to link the two was not built.[3]

Operation[edit]

During the Mannar Line's operation, trains connected Mannar and Talaimannar with cities along the Northern Line, such as Anuradhapura and Kurunegala, eventually reaching Colombo. The Boat Mail was a major service on the line, allowing passengers to board a ferry to Rameshwaram in India. Passengers could use the Boat Mail service to travel between Colombo and Chennai.

The ferry service to connect the railheads at Talaimannar and Dhanushkodi lasted until the 1960s, when a cyclone destroyed the pier and rail line at Dhanushkodi. The Mannar Line was not affected. The ferry service resumed with a new Indian terminus at Rameshwaram.[3]

War and revival[edit]

All services on the line were stopped in June 1990 due to the civil war.[4] The tracks, stations and other infrastructure on the line were subsequently destroyed during the war.

In the 2000s, the rail bridge to connect the two countries was proposed again, highlighting the benefits of connecting the ports of Colombo and Trincomalee with Chennai.[3]

Following the end of the civil war in May 2009, the government initiated various projects to rebuild the entire line. The contract to reconstruct the 44 kilometres (27 mi) line between Medawachchiya Junction and Madhu was awarded to IRCON International, the Indian state-owned engineering and construction company.[5][6] The project will cost US$ 81 million and would be financed by a soft loan from the Indian government.[7] IRCON has also been awarded the contract to reconstruct the 65 kilometres (40 mi) line between Madhu and Talaimannar.[5][6] The project will cost US$ 150 million and would be financed by a soft loan from the Indian government.[7]

The section of the line between Medawachchiya and Madhu Road reopened on 14 May 2013, following its reconstruction.[8] The reconstruction of the entire line is expected to be completed by 2013.[9][10]

Services[edit]

Railbus services operate from Medawachchiya Junction to Madhu Road,[11] while daily trains operate between Madhu Road and Colombo Fort.[12]

When construction is completed, train services will connect Mannar with major Sri Lankan cities. With the launch of ferry services between Talaimannar and Rameshwaram, the rail line would be used by travelers to connect the international ferry service with Sri Lankan cities.

Infrastructure[edit]

The Mannar Line is entirely single track, at 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge,[13] both before the war and after reconstruction. The line was not electrified and the current reconstruction project will not include electrification.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistics - Sri Lanka Railways". Ministry of Transport, Sri Lanka. 
  2. ^ "The Rail Routes of Sri Lanka". Infolanka.com. 
  3. ^ a b c http://infolanka.asia/sri-lanka/transport/the-indo-lanka-land-bridge-reviving-the-proposal The Indo-Lanka Land bridge: Reviving the Proposal
  4. ^ "Rail track to Mannar". Sunday Observer, Sri Lanka. 12 July 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Pallai-Kankesanthurai rail track to be restored with Indian aid". Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 20 November 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Kannangara, Nirmala (13 November 2011). "Work On New Track Soon". The Sunday Leader. 
  7. ^ a b Wijewardena, Don Asoka (18 August 2010). "Medawachchiya-Talaimannar railwayline construction agreement signed". The Island, Sri Lanka. 
  8. ^ "Medawachchiya—Madhu rail service commissions". DailyFT. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2013. 
  9. ^ [November%2018%202011 "Agreement for restoration of Pallai- Kankesanthurai Railway Line signed". Sunday Observer, Sri Lanka. 13 November 2011. 
  10. ^ Radhakrishnan, R. K. (8 May 2011). "http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/article2001740.ece". The Hindu. 
  11. ^ Nanayakara, Prasadini; Wickramasinghe, Damith (August 2013). "‘Train Bus’ to Madhu". Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "Colombo - Madhu train service resumes today". Ministry of Defense and Urban Development, Government of Sri Lanka. 12 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "The Island". Rampala regime in the local Railway History. 2010-07-19.