Mannington Township, New Jersey

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Mannington Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Mannington
Mannington Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Mannington Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Mannington Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Mannington Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°37′24″N 75°24′53″W / 39.623249°N 75.414662°W / 39.623249; -75.414662Coordinates: 39°37′24″N 75°24′53″W / 39.623249°N 75.414662°W / 39.623249; -75.414662[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Salem
Mentioned May 12, 1701
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Donald C. Asay (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk / Administrator Esther A. Mitchell[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 37.725 sq mi (97.708 km2)
 • Land 33.704 sq mi (87.294 km2)
 • Water 4.021 sq mi (10.414 km2)  10.66%
Area rank 62nd of 566 in state
4th of 15 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 3 ft (0.9 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 1,806
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 1,803
 • Rank 498th of 566 in state
11th of 15 in county[11]
 • Density 53.6/sq mi (20.7/km2)
 • Density rank 554th of 566 in state
14th of 15 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08079 - Salem[12]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 339, 769, 878, 935[13]
FIPS code 3403343200[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882133[16]
Website www.manningtontwp.com

Mannington Township is a township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 1,806,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 247 (+15.8%) from the 1,559 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 134 (-7.9%) from the 1,693 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

Mannington Township was first mentioned on May 12, 1721. It had been previously known as East Fenwick Township, which was mentioned on September 3, 1679, though the details of its incorporation are unknown. The township was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798 as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships. A portion of the township was taken in 1878 and annexed by Quinton Township.[18] Mannington Township is a dry town where alcohol cannot be sold.[19][20]

Geography[edit]

Mannington Township is located at 39°37′24″N 75°24′53″W / 39.623249°N 75.414662°W / 39.623249; -75.414662 (39.623249,-75.414662). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 37.725 square miles (97.708 km2), of which 33.704 square miles (87.294 km2) is land and 4.021 square miles (10.414 km2) (10.66%) was water.[1][2]

The Salem River flows along the township's northern and western boundaries.[21]

The township borders Carneys Point Township, Pilesgrove Township, Alloway Township, Quinton Township, Salem, and Pennsville Township.

Mannington Mills operates a manufacturing facility which occupies over 500 acres (200 ha), which it moved to Mannington after the company was established in Salem in 1915. In 2010, the company undertook an extensive cleanup of contaminated soil on the plant site.[22]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,664
1820 1,732 4.1%
1830 1,726 −0.3%
1840 2,064 19.6%
1850 2,187 6.0%
1860 2,393 9.4%
1870 2,351 −1.8%
1880 2,230 −5.1%
1890 1,870 −16.1%
1900 1,745 −6.7%
1910 1,606 −8.0%
1920 1,456 −9.3%
1930 1,584 8.8%
1940 1,656 4.5%
1950 1,686 1.8%
1960 2,024 20.0%
1970 1,913 −5.5%
1980 1,740 −9.0%
1990 1,693 −2.7%
2000 1,559 −7.9%
2010 1,806 15.8%
Est. 2012 1,803 [10] −0.2%
Population sources: 1810-2000[23]
1810-1920[24] 1850-1870[25]
1850[26] 1870[27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,806 people, 540 households, and 392 families residing in the township. The population density was 53.6 per square mile (20.7 /km2). There were 592 housing units at an average density of 17.6 per square mile (6.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 72.59% (1,311) White, 21.10% (381) Black or African American, 0.66% (12) Native American, 0.44% (8) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 3.93% (71) from other races, and 1.27% (23) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.19% (148) of the population.[7]

There were 540 households, of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.09.[7]

In the township, 18.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.4 years. For every 100 females there were 141.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 143.0 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,650 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,287) and the median family income was $75,625 (+/- $17,613). Males had a median income of $59,896 (+/- $6,020) versus $42,159 (+/- $10,096) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $33,369 (+/- $5,096). About 6.1% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.[34]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 1,559 people, 539 households, and 409 families residing in the township. The population density was 44.8 people per square mile (17.3/km²). There were 573 housing units at an average density of 16.5 per square mile (6.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 75.63% White, 20.91% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 1.73% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.34% of the population.[32][33]

There were 539 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.02.[32][33]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 23.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the township was $52,625, and the median income for a family was $62,500. Males had a median income of $45,714 versus $29,727 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,262. About 3.8% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Mannington Township is governed under the Township form of government with a three-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting conducted during the first week of January, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, members of the Mannington Township Committee are Mayor Donald C. Asay (R, term ends December 31, 2013), Deputy Mayor John Emel (D, term as deputy mayor ends December 31, 2013; term on committee ends 2015) and Dante C. Spina, Sr. (D, 2014).[35][36]

In the 2012 general elections, the Township Committee had Democrats in the majority for the first time in township history, though the committee decided to choose the committee's only Republican, Donald C. Asay, as mayor.[36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Mannington Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[8][38][39]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[41][42] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[43][44]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[45] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[46] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[47]

Salem County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2013, Salem County's Freeholders (with party, residence, term-end year and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Director Julie A. Acton (R, Pennsville Township, 2013; Administration), Deputy Director Ben Laury (R, Elmer, 2015; Public Works) Bruce L. Bobbitt (D, Pilesgrove Township, 2014; Health), Dale A. Cross (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Public Safety), Beth E. Timberman (D, Woodstown, 2015; Social Services), Robert J. Vanderslice (R, Pennsville, 2014; Public Services) Lee R. Ware (D, Elsinboro Township); Transportation, Agriculture & Cultural Affairs).[48] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Gilda T. Gill (2014),[49] Sheriff Charles M. Miller (2015)[50] and Surrogate Nicki A. Burke (2015).[51][52]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,014 registered voters in Mannington Township, of which 243 (24.0% vs. 30.6% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 285 (28.1% vs. 21.0%) were registered as Republicans and 486 (47.9% vs. 48.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[53] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 56.1% (vs. 64.6% in Salem County) were registered to vote, including 68.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 84.4% countywide).[53][54]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 394 votes here (52.0% vs. 46.6% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 349 votes (46.0% vs. 50.4%) and other candidates with 10 votes (1.3% vs. 1.6%), among the 758 ballots cast by the township's 1,018 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.5% (vs. 71.8% in Salem County).[55] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 414 votes here (55.3% vs. 52.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 324 votes (43.3% vs. 45.9%) and other candidates with 5 votes (0.7% vs. 1.0%), among the 748 ballots cast by the township's 1,021 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.3% (vs. 71.0% in the whole county).[56]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 268 votes here (46.7% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 225 votes (39.2% vs. 39.9%), Independent Chris Daggett with 63 votes (11.0% vs. 9.7%) and other candidates with 11 votes (1.9% vs. 2.0%), among the 574 ballots cast by the township's 1,010 registered voters, yielding a 56.8% turnout (vs. 47.3% in the county).[57]

Education[edit]

The Mannington Township School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. The Mannington Township School had an enrollment of 184 students in the 2010-11 school year.[58]

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Salem High School in Salem City, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Salem City School District, along with students from Elsinboro Township, Lower Alloways Creek Township and Quinton Township.[59][60]

Transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service to and from Philadelphia on the 401, with local service offered on the 468 route.[61]

The 18.6 miles (29.9 km) southern portion of the freight rail Salem Branch operated under contract by Southern Railroad of New Jersey runs through Mannington, with Mannington Mills being one of the short line's major customers.[62]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Municipal Offices, Mannington Township. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 20.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Mannington, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Mannington township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Mannington township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Mannington, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Mannington, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 23, 2013.
  14. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  18. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 216. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  19. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
  20. ^ Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
  21. ^ DeLorme (2005). New Jersey Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-324-9.
  22. ^ Gallo, Bill, Jr. "Mannington Mills plans major environmental cleanup at local plant", South Jersey Times, November 7, 2009. Accessed September 23, 2013.
  23. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Salem County Municipalities, 1810 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  24. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 23, 2013.
  25. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 254, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed January 17, 2013. "Mannington was at first called East Fenwick; its present name is derived from the Indian word Maneto. Manningtonville is a small settlement in the central part of the township. Mannington township contained in 1850 2,187 inhabitants; in 1860, 2,393; in 1870, 2,351."
  26. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  27. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  29. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  30. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  31. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  32. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Mannington township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  33. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Mannington township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Mannington township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  35. ^ Township Committee, Mannington Township. Accessed September 23, 2013.
  36. ^ a b Williams, Michael. "Democratic majority on Mannington Township Committee names Republican mayor", South Jersey Times, January 4, 2013. Accessed January 17, 2013. "During the reorganization of township committee on Thursday, newly elected Democratic Committeeman John Emel was sworn-in to a three year term. Emel’s election brought the make-up of the three member township committee to 2 to 1 with a Democratic majority, which marks the first time in the township’s history that Republicans have not held the majority in Mannington. But in a somewhat unusual move, the Democratic members of committee nominated lone Republican Donald Asay to continue serving as mayor."
  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  41. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
  43. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  44. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  45. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  46. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  49. ^ Gilda T. Gill, Salem County Clerk, Salem County Clerk's Office . Accessed January 10, 2013.
  50. ^ Sheriff's Office, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  51. ^ A Message From Your Surrogate, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  52. ^ The Official Salem County Directory 2012, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  53. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Salem, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  54. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  55. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  56. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  57. ^ 2009 Governor: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  58. ^ Data for the Mannington Township School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  59. ^ Sending Districts, Salem City School District. Accessed January 17, 2013. "Salem High School welcomes students from the following schools in Salem County: Elsinboro Township School, Lower Alloways Creek Township School, Mannington Township School, Quinton Township Elementary School"
  60. ^ Bumpus, Robert L. Salem County Report on Consolidation and Regionalization, Salem County, New Jersey Executive County Superintendent, March 15, 2010. Accessed September 23, 2013. "In this area of Salem County four P-8 districts, Lower Alloway Creek, Quinton, Elsinboro, and Mannington Townships have a send/receive agreement with neighboring Salem City to send their students to Salem High School."
  61. ^ Salem County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 28, 2010. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  62. ^ Staff. "SHORT LINES, LONG HISTORY \ LITTLE RAILROADS ONCE FLOURISHED. NOW, THEY LIVE AGAIN.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, April 20, 1999. Accessed September 23, 2013. "And now the 18-mile stretch of aging track through woods and farmland is a branch of the Southern Railroad Co. of New Jersey, one of the largest short lines in the state.... On the Salem branch, the railroad picks up loaded freight cars in Swedesboro and delivers such things as crushed limestone to Mannington Mills, a floor-tile maker, and soda ash to Anchor Glass in Salem County."

External links[edit]