Manohar Parrikar

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Manohar Parrikar
Manohar Parrikar (cropped).jpg
Minister of Defence
Incumbent
Assumed office
9 November 2014
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Arun Jaitley
10th Chief Minister of Goa
In office
9 March 2012 – 8 November 2014
Governor K Sankaranarayanan
Bharat Vir Wanchoo
Margaret Alva
Om Prakash Kohli
Mridula Sinha
Preceded by Digambar Kamat
Succeeded by Laxmikant Parsekar
In office
24 October 2000 – 2 February 2005
Governor Mohammed Fazal
Kidar Nath Sahani
Mohammed Fazal
S C Jamir
Preceded by Francisco Sardinha
Succeeded by Pratapsingh Rane
Personal details
Born Manohar Gopalakrishna Prabhu Parrikar
(1955-12-13) 13 December 1955 (age 59)
Mapuçá, Goa, Portuguese India
(now Mapusa, India)
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s) Medha Parrikar
Children 2
Alma mater Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
Religion Hinduism

Manohar Gopalkrishna Prabhu Parrikar (Konkani: मनोहर गोपाळकृष्ण प्रभू पर्रीकार) (born 13 December 1955) is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in India, and Defence Minister in the Government of India. Before being inducted into the Council of Ministers of the Union Government on 9 November 2014, he was Chief Minister of Goa, first from 2000 to 2005 (Goa's first BJP chief minister), and later from March 2012 to November 2014.[1][2][3] He was replaced by Laxmikant Parsekar as Goa's CM. Parrikar had represented the Panaji constituency in the Legislative Assembly of Goa when he was a player in the state politics.

Personal life[edit]

Manohar Parrikar was born in a Gaud Saraswat Brahmin family [4] at Mapusa, Goa.[5] Ancestry from the nearby village Parra is indicated in his name "Parrikar."

He studied at Loyola High School, Margao. He completed his secondary education in Marathi and went on to graduate in metallurgical engineering from IIT Bombay[5] in 1978. He is the first IIT graduate to become the Chief Minister of any Indian state. He was awarded by IIT Bombay with the Distinguished Alumnus Award in 2001. Manohar Parrikar and Nandan Nilekani, former Chairman of the new Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), have graduated together from IIT Bombay in the year 1978.[3]

His wife Medha Parrikar died of cancer in year 2000. He has two sons.

Political career[edit]

Parrikar joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) at a young age and became a mukhya shikshak (chief instructor) in the final years of his schooling. After graduating from IIT, he resumed RSS work in Mapusa while maintaining a private business, and became a sanghchalak (local director) at the age of 26. He was active in the RSS's North Goa unit, becoming a key organiser of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement. He was seconded by RSS to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) with the objective of fighting the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party.[6] Parrikar has often expressed considerable pride of his RSS background, saying that he learnt "discipline, progressiveness, gender equality, equality of all before the law, nationalism and social responsibility from the RSS".[7] He is sometimes described incorrectly as having been a pracharak of the RSS.[8]

As a member of the BJP, Parrikar was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the State of Goa in 1994. He was the leader of the opposition from June to November 1999. He became the Chief Minister of Goa for the first time on 24 October 2000, but his tenure lasted only till 27 February 2002. On 5 June 2002, he was re-elected and became the Chief Minister again.

On 29 January 2005, his government was reduced to a minority in the assembly after four BJP MLAs resigned from the House. Pratapsinh Rane of Congress replaced him as Chief Minister. In 2007, the Parrikar-led BJP was defeated in the Goa state elections by the Indian National Congress led by Digambar Kamat. His party became victorious once again after the BJP and allies won 24 seats against INC's 9 seats in the Goa Assembly Elections held in March 2012. BJP showed an impressive performance in 2014 General Elections and won both the Lok Sabha seats in Goa.

Manohar Parrikar was reluctant to leave Goa and move to Delhi, by his own admission. But Prime Minister Narendra Modi had high regard for Parrikar's abilities and persuaded him to join the Central Government. He was sworn-in as Cabinet Minister for Defence in November 2014 in the first expansion of Modi's ministerial council, and his entry into the parliament was facilitated by choosing him as the party's candidate for elected Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh.

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Francisco Sardinha
Chief Minister of Goa
2000–2005
Succeeded by
Pratapsingh Rane
Preceded by
Digambar Kamat
Chief Minister of Goa
2012–2014
Succeeded by
Laxmikant Parsekar
Preceded by
Arun Jaitley
Minister of Defence
2014–present
Incumbent