Manoj Kumar

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For other people named Manoj Kumar, see Manoj Kumar (disambiguation).
Manoj Kumar
Manoj Kumar at Esha Deol's wedding at ISCKON temple 10.jpg
Manoj Kumar at Esha Deol's wedding ceremony, June 2012.
Born Harikrishna Giri Goswami
(1937-07-24) 24 July 1937 (age 76)
Abbottabad, NWFP, British India
Residence Karnal, Haryana
Other names Bharat Kumar
Manoj
Occupation Actor , Director
Years active 1964–1995
Spouse(s) Sashi Goswami

Manoj Kumar (born Harikrishna Giri Goswami[1] on 24 July 1937) is an award-winning Indian actor and director in the Bollywood film industry. He is remembered for his films Hariyali Aur Raasta, Woh Kaun Thi?, Himalaya Ki God Mein, Do Badan, Upkar, Patthar Ke Sanam, Neel Kamal, Purab Aur Paschim, Roti Kapda Aur Makaan, and Kranti. He is known for acting in and directing films with patriotic themes, and has been given the nickname "Bhaarat Kumar". In 1992, he was honoured with the Padma Shri by the Government of India.

Early life[edit]

Manoj Kumar was born in Abbottabad, a town of NWFP, then part of British India. His original name was Harikishan Giri Goswami. When he was 10, his family had to flee to Delhi due to the partition. His family lived as refugees in Vijay Nagar, Kingsway Camp and later moved to Patel Nagar area of New Delhi.

After graduating from Hindu College, University of Delhi, he decided to enter the film industry.

Career[edit]

As a youth, he admired Bollywood superstar Dilip Kumar, and decided to name himself Manoj Kumar after Dilip's character in Shabnam (1949).[1]

After making a little-noticed début in Fashion in 1957, Manoj landed his first leading role in Kaanch Ki Gudia (1960) opposite Sayeeda Khan. Piya Milan Ki Aas and Reshmi Roomal followed, setting the stage for the Vijay Bhatt-directed Hariyali Aur Raasta (1962) opposite Mala Sinha. Kumar then appeared with Sadhana in Raj Khosla's Woh Kaun Thi (1964), and reunited with Vijay Bhatt and Mala Sinha in Himalaya Ki God Mein (1965). Manoj Kumar and Raj Khosla repeated their successful Actor-Director partnership with the film Do Badan, which was remembered for many reasons including Raj Khosla's great direction, Manoj Kumar and the heroine Asha Parekh's excellent display of histrionics, an outstanding musical score by Ravi, immortal songs by the lyricist Shakeel Badayuni, among others.

The patriotic hero[edit]

Kumar's image as the patriotic hero started with the 1965 film Shaheed,[2] based on the life of Bhagat Singh, the most influential Indian revolutionary. After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri asked him to create a film based on the popular slogan Jai Jawan Jai Kissan (hail the soldier, hail the farmer).[1]

The result was Kumar's magnum opus and his directorial debut, Upkaar (1967). In it, he played both a soldier and a farmer. The film was also noted for the famous song Mere Desh Ki Dharti, written by Gulshan Bawra, composed by Kalyanji-Anandji and sung by Mahendra Kapoor. Upkaar was a hit and won Kumar his first Filmfare Best Director Award.

After dabbling in various roles in the late 1950, Manoj returned to patriotic themes in Purab Aur Paschim (1970), in which life in the East and West are juxtaposed. In 1972, he starred in Be-Imaan (for which he won the Filmfare Best Actor Award) and directed and starred in Shor (1972). The latter, opposite Nanda, was not a huge box office success, but it did feature the memorable song Ek Pyar Ka Nagma Hai, a duet by Lata Mangeshkar and Mukesh, which was composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal and written by Santosh Anand.

Later career[edit]

The mid-1970s saw Kumar star in three hit films: Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (1974) was a social commentary featuring an all-star cast including Zeenat Aman, Shashi Kapoor and Amitabh Bachchan that won him his second Filmfare Award for Best Director; Sanyasi (1975) had Kumar and Hema Malini in the lead roles of a religious-themed comedy; and Dus Numbri (1976) also gave Kumar and Hema top billing. In 1981, Kumar reached the peak of his career when he got the opportunity to direct his idol, Dilip Kumar, as well as star in Kranti, a story about the struggle for Indian independence in the 19th century. Kranti was the last notable successful film in his career. He also starred in the hit Punjabi film Jat Punjabi.

After Kranti, Kumar's career began to decline in the 1980s as all of his films failed at the box office. In 1989 he cast Pakistani actors Mohammad Ali and Zeba in his film Clerk which was considered to be a groundbreaking event. He quit acting after his appearance in the 1995 film Maidan-E-Jung. His son, Kunal Goswami, tried to revive the patriotic theme and was directed by Kumar in the 1999 film Jai Hind which was a flop. Kumar was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award that same year.

His trademark hand-covering-the-face was very popular and continues to be the butt of jokes of latter day stand-up comedians. In 2007, the Shah Rukh Khan film Om Shanti Om featured the lead character pretending to be Manoj Kumar so as to sneak into a movie premiere, by holding his hand over his face. Kumar filed a lawsuit, which was settled out of court.[3]

Politics[edit]

Like many other Bollywood stars, Kumar decided to enter politics following his retirement. Before the 2004 general election in India, it was announced that he had officially joined the ranks of the Shiv Sena.

Personal life[edit]

Kumar is married to Shashi Goswami (originally from Jodhkan, Sirsa district, Haryana). He has two sons, Vishal and Kunal, Vishal tried his skills as a singer and Kunal as an actor. His brother, Rajiv Goswami, also entered the film industry, but none were able to gain any footing in Bollywood.

Awards[edit]

Civilian award[edit]

National honours[edit]

National Film Awards[edit]

Filmfare Awards[edit]

Winner

Nominated

Other awards[edit]

Other honours[edit]

Selected filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Co – Stars Notes
1957 Fashion
1958 Panchayat Shyama
Sahara Meena Kumari
1959 Chand
1960 Honeymoon Saida Khan
1961 Suhaag Sindoor
Kaanch Ki Gudiya Saida Khan
Reshmi Rumal Shakila
1962 Hariyali Aur Rasta Shanker Mala Sinha, Shashikala
Dr. Vidya Ratan Chowdhury Vyjayanthimala
Shaadi Balraj Sahni, Saira Banu, Dharmendra
Banarsi Thug Shyam Vijaya Chaudhari
Maa Beta Ameeta
Piya Milan Ki Aas Ameeta
Naqli Nawab Shakila
1963 Apna Bana Ke Dekho Asha Parekh
Ghar Basake Dekho Rajshree
Grahasti Rajshree
1964 Apne Huye Paraye Mala Sinha
Woh Kaun Thi? Dr Anand Sadhana
Phoolon Ki Sej Vyjayanthimala
1965 Shaheed Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh
Bedaag Rajesh Nanda
Himalaya Ki God Mein Sunil Mehra Mala Sinha
Gumnaam Anand Nanda
Poonam Ki Raat Kumud Chhugani
1966 Do Badan Vikas Asha Parekh
Sawan Ki Ghata Sharmila Tagore
Saajan Asha Parekh
1967 Patthar Ke Sanam Rajesh Waheeda Rehman, Mumtaz
Anita Neeraj Sadhana
Upkaar Bharat Asha Parekh, Pran, Prem Chopra, Kamini Kaushal Winner, Filmfare Best Movie Award
1968 Neel Kamal Ram Waheeda Rehman
Aadmi Dr Shekhar Waheeda Rehman
1970 Purab Aur Paschim Bharat Saira Banu
Yaadgar Banu Nutan
Pehchan Gangaram Babita
Mera Naam Joker David
1971 Balidan Raja Saira Banu
1972 Shor Shankar Nanda, Jaya Bachchan
Be-Imaan Mohan Raakhee Winner, Filmfare Best Actor Award
1974 Roti Kapda Aur Makaan Bharat Zeenat Aman, Moushumi Chatterji 1975 – Filmfare Best Director Award for Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
1975 Sanyasi Ram Rai Hema Malini
1976 Dus Numbri Arjun Hema Malini
1977 Shirdi Ke Sai Baba Doctor / Scientist Rajendra Kumar, Hema Malini
Amaanat Deepak Sadhna, Balraj Sahni, Mehmood, Aruna Irani, Asit Sen
1981 Kranti Bharat / Kranti Dilip Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Shatrughan Sinha, Hema Malini, Parveen Babi, Nirupa Roy, Prem Chopra
1987 Kalyug Aur Ramayan Pawan Putra (Shri Hanuman) Madhavi
1989 Santosh Santosh Singh
Clerk Bharat Ashok Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Rekha, Mohammed Ali, Shashi Kapoor, Anita Raj, Zeba, Prem Chopra
1995 Maidan-E-Jung Master Dinanath

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Verghis, Shana Maria (8 May 2011). "‘I left behind a can of marbles in Abbotabad after Partition’". The Pioneer. Archived from the original on 10 May 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  2. ^ Manoj Kumar. Bollywood classics. www.bollywood501.com.
  3. ^ "The super censors". The Times of India. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "Manoj Kumar to be honoured on Kishore Kumar`s birth anniv". zeenews.india.com. 24 July 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2011. 
  5. ^ "Manoj Kumar gets Raj Kapoor Award". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "Manoj Kumar, Gowariker to get Maha film awards". indianexpress.com. 19 April 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  7. ^ Manoj Kumar Awards imdb.com.
  8. ^ 31st Annual BFJA Awards. Awards For The Year 1967. bfjaawards.com (1968)
  9. ^ "Manoj Kumar felicitated with Phalke Award". oneindia.in. 5 May 2009. 
  10. ^ Manoj Kumar & Oliver Stone honoured at 12th Mumbai Film Festival. BollywoodHungama.com (29 October 2010). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
  11. ^ Manoj Kumar to be felicitated at the Apsara Awards. BollywoodHungama.com (25 January 2012). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
  12. ^ Manoj Kumar to be felicitated with the Lifetime Achievement Award | Bollywood News | Hindi Movies News | News. BollywoodHungama.com (13 March 2012). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
  13. ^ Manoj Kumar To Be Honoured With The Bharat Gaurav Award – Bollywood News. Movie Talkies (6 June 2012). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
  14. ^ "Manoj Kumar honoured with Lifetime Achievement award". indiatoday.intoday.in. 2 October 2013. 
  15. ^ "Jagran Film Festival 2013: Manoj Kumar Receives Lifetime Achievement Award [Winners List+PHOTOS]". ibtimes.co.in. 30 September 2013. 
  16. ^ Madhya Pradesh institutes award in Manoj Kumar's name | Bollywood.com : Entertainment news, movie, music and fashion reviews. Bollywood.com (5 August 2008). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
  17. ^ mobile. Thenews24x7.com.[dead link]
  18. ^ "Veteran actor Soumitra Chatterjee to get Dadasaheb Phalke award". The Financial Express. Kolkata. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 

External links[edit]