Manor of Northstead
The Manor of Northstead is a former medieval estate in North Yorkshire, England. The manor house no longer exists and the land has since been redeveloped and forms part of modern-day Scarborough. The ancient title of the Crown Steward and Bailiff of the Manor of Northstead persisted beyond the manor however, being used since the 18th century as a sinecure post which plays a role in the procedure for effecting resignation from the British House of Commons.
The Manor of Northstead was a medieval manor house surrounded by fields and farms in the parish of Scalby in the North Riding of Yorkshire in England. The estate passed into the ownership of the Crown during the reign of King Richard III (1483-1485). The land, but not the manor house, was bought from the Crown by the Scarborough Corporation in 1921. By 1600, the manor house had fallen into disrepair and was described as inhabitable, being latterly occupied by Sir Richard Cholmeley's shepherd until it finally collapsed.
The estate originally bordered the northern side of the ancient boundary of the Borough of Scarborough, North Yorkshire, following the line of Peasholm Beck. The entire estate has since been absorbed into the town boundary and been redeveloped, forming part of the Barrowcliff area. The site of the manor is believed to have been covered by the lake in Peasholm Park, a municipal park opened in 1912.
Role in the resignation of MPs
By virtue of the fact it became and has been retained as a Lordship of the Crown beyond the sale and eventual disappearance of the estate, since the 18th century the post of Crown Steward and Bailiff of the Manor of Northstead has played a role in the procedure for effecting the resignation from the British House of Commons of Members of Parliament (MPs). While no longer having any actual role or responsibility, it acts as a nominal office for profit of the Crown, the holding of which is one of the things that by law disqualify an MP from the House. While many such offices were used in the past, in the present day only the Northstead post and the Crown Steward and Bailiff of the three Chiltern Hundreds of Stoke, Desborough and Burnham are now used.
- "The Chiltern Hundreds" (PDF). Factsheet P11 Procedure Series. House of Commons Information Office. August 2010. Retrieved 14 January 2011.