Mansfield, Massachusetts

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Mansfield, Massachusetts
Town
Mansfield Town Hall
Mansfield Town Hall
Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts
Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°02′00″N 71°13′10″W / 42.03333°N 71.21944°W / 42.03333; -71.21944Coordinates: 42°02′00″N 71°13′10″W / 42.03333°N 71.21944°W / 42.03333; -71.21944
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Bristol
Settled 1658
Incorporated 1775
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
 • Town
   Manager
William R. Ross, Town Manager
 • Board of
   Selectmen

Jess Aptowitz
Kevin Moran (Chair)
Doug Annino
Olivier Kozlowski
George Dentino (Vice Chair)
Area
 • Total 20.7 sq mi (53.7 km2)
 • Land 20.5 sq mi (53.0 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation 160 ft (49 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 23,184
 • Density 1,130.9/sq mi (437.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02048
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-38225
GNIS feature ID 0618283
Website http://www.mansfieldma.com/

Mansfield is a town in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. As of the United States 2010 Census, the town population is 23,184.[1] Mansfield is in the south-southwest suburbs of Boston and is also close to Providence, Rhode Island. The village of Mansfield Center is located in the town. The town is twinned with Mansfield in Nottinghamshire, England.

History[edit]

Mansfield was first settled in 1658 and was officially incorporated in 1775. It was named for William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, a pro-colonial member of the House of Lords. Mansfield is largely known for being the home of the Xfinity Center (formerly Great Woods, Tweeter Center and Comcast Center) concert venue, one of the most popular in New England. It is also known for being the birthplace of Honey Dew Donuts,[2] a regional New England chain of donut shops.

Benjamin E. Bates, an industrialist and philanthropist, who was the founder of Bates College was born in Mansfield in 1808. Stove and furnace manufacturer and innovator Gordon Chilson (1804–1877) worked here.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.7 square miles (54 km2), of which, 20.5 square miles (53 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (1.25%) is water. There are five conservation areas in the town. They are, from largest to smallest: the Great Woods Conservation Area, Maple Park Conservation Area, York Conservation Area, Marie Strese Conservation Area, and Sweet Pond Conservation Area. The town is bisected by the Canoe, Rumford and Wading Rivers, as well as many small brooks which are all part of the Taunton River Watershed.

Mansfield's location is 28 miles south of Boston, 14 miles west of Brockton, and 19 miles north of Providence, Rhode Island. It is bordered by Foxborough and Sharon to the north, Easton to the east, Norton to the south, and Plainville to the west. The town's northern border is also a portion of the northern border of Bristol County. Its localities include East Mansfield, Ginty Corner, Mansfield Center, Purdy Corner and West Mansfield.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 1,789 —    
1860 2,114 +18.2%
1870 2,432 +15.0%
1880 2,765 +13.7%
1890 3,432 +24.1%
1900 4,006 +16.7%
1910 5,183 +29.4%
1920 6,255 +20.7%
1930 6,364 +1.7%
1940 6,530 +2.6%
1950 7,184 +10.0%
1960 7,773 +8.2%
1970 9,939 +27.9%
1980 13,453 +35.4%
1990 16,568 +23.2%
2000 22,414 +35.3%
2010 23,184 +3.4%

Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 22,414 people, 7,942 households, and 5,861 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,095.4 inhabitants per square mile (422.9/km2). There were 8,120 housing units at an average density of 396.8 per square mile (153.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.30% White, 2.18% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.93% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.

There were 7,942 households out of which 44.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the town the population was spread out with 31.4% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $66,925, and the median income for a family was $78,058 (these figures had risen to $93,533 and $111,316 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[15]). Males had a median income of $52,416 versus $36,658 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,441. About 3.0% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The town is governed by an open town meeting, which in turn is led by a board of selectmen and town manager. The town has a police department located in the center of town, as well as two fire stations, near the town center and near Purdy Corner. The Mansfield Public Library is located at Memorial Park, and the post office is near the intersection of Routes 106 & 140. In addition to Memorial Park, the town also has the Magna-Vista Recreation Area.

On the state level, the town is represented in the State Senate as a portion of the Bristol and Norfolk district, including Dover, Foxborough, Mansfield, Medfield, Norton, Rehoboth, Seekonk and Walpole, as well as parts of Attleboro and Sharon. The town is a part of three separate state representative districts, the First and Fourteenth Bristol and Eight Norfolk districts. The town is also patrolled by Troop H (Metro Boston region) of the Massachusetts State Police, 3rd District (Foxborough barracks). On the national level, the town is part of Massachusetts Congressional District 4, which is represented by Joseph P. Kennedy III.[16] The state's senior (Class II) Senator, elected in 2012, is Elizabeth Warren[17] and the state's junior (Class I) Senator, elected in 2013, is Ed Markey.[18]

Education[edit]

Mansfield has its own school department consisting of five schools, governed by a superintendent of schools (whose office is located directly adjacent to the town hall) and a school committee. (Coincidentally, the school department building was once the public library and before that, it was the town hall, and the town hall was once the high school.) There are three elementary schools: the Roland Green Preschool, the Everett J. Robinson Elementary School (serving grades K-2), the Jordan-Jackson Elementary School (serving grades 3-5), the Harold L. Qualters Middle School (serving grades 6-8), and Mansfield High School. Mansfield's teams are nicknamed the Hornets, and their colors are green and white. In recent years, MHS has had successful sports teams, especially the football, basketball, and track teams. For many years in the 1980s and early 1990s, the school's marching band hosted the first event of the New England Scholastic Band Association's fall field show competition season. Other than Roland Green Preschool, all the town's schools are located on either side of East Street near Mansfield Center.

In addition to the public schools, high school students may also attend Southeastern Regional Vocational-Technical High School in Easton or Bristol County Agricultural High School in Dighton free of charge. Mansfield residents can also send their children to the Foxboro Regional Charter School. The town also has one parochial school, Saint Mary's, which serves grades K-8, and an Islamic high school, Al-Noor Academy, which opened in 2000 and serves the Islamic community along the I-95 corridor.

Mansfield is also known for their outstanding high school sports such as football, soccer, baseball, basketball, lacrosse, track and field (Men), and Women's Indoor and Outdoor Track and Field teams have won multiple league, division, and all-state titles. In 2013, the Mansfield Hornets football team won the Division II state title. [19][20]

Library[edit]

The Mansfield Public Library was established in 1884.[21][22] In fiscal year 2008, the town of Mansfield spent 0.86% ($605,929) of its budget on its public library—some $25 per person.[23]

Transportation[edit]

The intersection of Interstates 95 and 495 is located on the Mansfield-Foxborough town line, with both highways going through the town. Additionally, the town includes a limited-access section of Route 140, as well as part of Route 106. The only exits off the interstates which located within the town are I-495 Exit 12 (linking to a limited access section of Rt. 140 North, I-495 Exit 11 (linking to Rt. 140 South and South Main Street) and exit 7A off I-95 which connects to Rt. 140. The town also has a stop along the MBTA's commuter line between Providence and Boston, and is serviced by Mansfield Municipal Airport, which serves smaller aircraft. The nearest international airport is T.F. Green Airport in Rhode Island, 30 miles away.

References[edit]

  1. ^ US 2010 Census.Retrieved October 29, 2014.[1]
  2. ^ "The Honey Dew Donuts Story". Honey Dew Associates, Inc. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Chilson, Gordon". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. 
  4. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  5. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=06000US0900934950&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US09%7C05000US09009%7C06000US0900934950&_street=&_county=mansfield&_cityTown=mansfield&_state=04000US25&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=060&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  16. ^ "Find Your Representative". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  17. ^ "Senators of the 113th Congress". United States Senate. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  18. ^ Levenson, Michael (25 June 2013). "US Rep. Edward J. Markey beats Gabriel E. Gomez in US Senate special election in Mass.". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  19. ^ Boston Globe
  20. ^ http://www.bostonglobe.com/sports/2013/12/07/mansfield-overcomes-turnovers-win-division/aPr9lqS0nmj4ietcN7t1zJ/story.html
  21. ^ C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891.
  22. ^ http://www.sailsinc.org/mansfield/ Retrieved 2010-11-11
  23. ^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports. Retrieved 2010-08-04

External links[edit]