Location within Memphrémagog RCM.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||July 1, 1855|
|• Mayor||Jacques Marcoux|
|• Federal riding||Brome—Missisquoi|
|• Prov. riding||Orford|
|• Total||278.60 km2 (107.57 sq mi)|
|• Land||261.78 km2 (101.07 sq mi)|
|• Density||7.1/km2 (18/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||3.3%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Postal code(s)||J0E 1X0|
|Area code(s)||450 and 579|
Potton is a township municipality of about 1,850 people in Memphrémagog Regional County Municipality in the Estrie region of Quebec, 125 km southeast of Montreal and next to the United States border, north of North Troy, Vermont.
The main village in the township is Mansonville. Formerly a sleepy community best known for an unusual 19th-century round barn, Mansonville has experienced some growth and prosperity because of its proximity to the Owl's Head ski resort. Like many Eastern Townships and New England villages, Mansonville grew up around a water-powered mill which exploited a head of water above a fall on the North Branch of the Missisquoi River. The mill ceased operating with electrification in the early 20th century, which allowed economies of scale and centralized manufacturing in larger centres. It operated as a feed and grain mill until 2004, when it was destroyed by fire. Overlooking the mill site is the mansion of the Manson family that founded the town. The mansion has since become a bed and breakfast. Mansonville, like many Eastern Townships communities, has long had a mixture of French and English-speaking residents, as demonstrated by the presence of Roman Catholic, United (closed 2011) and Anglican churches a few yards apart. Mansonville was also the home of Russian Orthodox prelate Metropolitan Vitaly Ustinov for some five decades until his death in 2006.
Geology and soils
Most of the bedrock underlying the township is Cambrian-era slate, schist, phyllite, greywacke and quartzite. There are bands of ultramafic rock near the Missisquoi River valley, and basalt also occurs. Quaternary glaciation left deposits of stony loam till plus outwash deposits of sand and gravel. Benchlands overlooking the Missisquoi River commonly have deposits of clay loam. Brown podzolic and podzol profile developments are most common. The area is also rich in talc. For many years the Baker Talc company operated underground mining and open-pit operations, with a plant in Highwater.
Mother tongue (2011)
|Both English and French||25||1.4%|
- Reference number 50863 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
- Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Potton
- Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: BROME--MISSISQUOI (Quebec)
- 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Potton, Quebec
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
- Geology Cowansville-Sutton-Mansonville Quebec Map 1750A (1991).
||Brome Lake||West Bolton / Bolton-Est||Austin|
|Sutton||Lake Memphremagog / Stanstead (township) / Ogden|
| United States
| United States
| United States