Mansur ad-Din of Adal

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Mansur ad-Din
منصور اد الدين
Sultan of the Sultanate of Adal
Reign early 15th century
Died 1424
Predecessor Sabr ad-Din II
Successor Jamal ad-Din II
Dynasty Walashma dynasty
Religious beliefs Islam

Mansur ad-Din (Arabic: منصور اد الدين‎) (died 1424) was a Somali Sultan of the Sultanate of Adal and a son of Sa'ad ad-Din II.[1][2]

Reign[edit]

On the death of his brother Sabr ad-Din II, Mansur resumed the war against the Ethiopian Empire. He was able to defeat imperial Ethiopian forces under Emperor Yeshaq I at Yedaya, the imperial seat of the region. He then advanced to Mukha mountain (or Moha), where 30,000 imperial soldiers were besieged for two months before a truce was declared. The soldiers were given the choice of either embracing Islam or returning home, of which about 10,000 were said to have converted to Islam, while the remainder returned home. Soon after in 1424, however, Emperor Yeshaq sent a sizable army and defeated him, capturing both Mansur and his brother Muhammad, keeping them imprisoned until they died and once again bringing Adal under Ethiopian rule.[3][4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Asafa Jalata, State Crises, Globalisation, And National Movements In North-east Africa page 3-4
  2. ^ The date of his death is from J. Spencer Trimingham, Islam in Ethiopia (Oxford: Geoffrey Cumberlege for the University Press, 1952), p. 75.
  3. ^ Pankhurst, Richard. The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century (Asmara, Eritrea: Red Sea Press, 1997), pp.57
  4. ^ E. A. Wallis Budge, A History of Ethiopia: Nubia and Abyssinia, 1928 (Oosterhout, the Netherlands: Anthropological Publications, 1970), p. 302.


Preceded by
Sabr ad-Din II
Walashma dynasty Succeeded by
Jamal ad-Din II