Manta (SeaWorld Orlando)
A fountain timed to go off just as one of Manta's trains approaches the water
|Soft opening date||May 5, 2009|
|Opening date||May 22, 2009|
|Type||Steel – flying|
|Manufacturer||Bolliger & Mabillard|
|Model||Flying coaster – custom|
|Lift/launch system||Chain lift hill|
|Height||140 ft (43 m)|
|Drop||113 ft (34 m)|
|Length||3,359 ft (1,024 m)|
|Speed||56 mph (90 km/h)|
|Capacity||1,500 riders per hour|
|Height restriction||54 in (137 cm)|
|Trains||3 trains with 8 cars. Riders are arranged 4 across in a single row for a total of 32 riders per train.|
Quick Queue available
|Manta at RCDB
Pictures of Manta at RCDB
Manta is a steel, flying roller coaster at SeaWorld Orlando. The attraction allows guests to encounter numerous species of ray before boarding a manta ray-shaped train that takes them on a 3,359-foot-long (1,024 m) roller coaster ride above the park, reaching top speeds of 56 miles per hour (90 km/h). Designed by Swiss firm Bolliger & Mabillard, Manta restrains riders in the prone position and features four inversions. The well-received attraction officially opened to the public on May 22, 2009.
SeaWorld Orlando revealed the concept that was to become Manta to a gathering of travel industry representatives and community leaders on April 2, 2008, although it had been in the planning stages for years. The exact specifications were not immediately revealed, but the park said it would be their largest single investment in an attraction, and that it would open sometime in 2009. The park also announced that the attraction would include a roller coaster, but that it would be more than just a roller coaster. Joseph Couceiro—vice president of sales and marketing—described the ride as "the next generation SeaWorld attraction" that would immerse guests in elements of marine life.
Artists' concepts of the new attraction were leaked onto the Internet in April 2008; however, SeaWorld officials would not confirm whether the images were accurate representations of the final design, but said that the roller coaster would have a gliding sensation. Searches of trademark applications uncovered an entry for the use of the term "Manta" as an amusement ride, and construction on a large site within the park had already begun. On May 29, 2008, park officials confirmed that the attraction would be named Manta, and announced additional details about the attraction.
Construction of the roller coaster track and attraction buildings began in September 2008. Superior Rigging & Erection built the supports and track. The ride's layout was completed in December 2008, and construction on other parts of the roller coaster continued into early 2009. SeaWorld began previewing the attraction in early May 2009, before it was officially opened on May 22.
Theme and surrounding experience
Manta is an attraction which encompasses a themed queue and a roller coaster. The queue is designed to resemble a seaside village decorated with mosaics and artwork inspired by rays. Within the attraction's 4-acre (16,000 m2) site are ten aquaria containing 184,000 US gallons (700,000 l; 153,000 imp gal) of water. Approximately 3,000 animals representing over 60 species are visible—including over 300 rays, such as cownose rays and spotted eagle rays. Other creatures on display include sea horses, leafy seadragons and tropical fish.
Portions of the aquarium exhibit can be viewed by guests who do not wish to ride the roller coaster. Non-riding guests can use a second entrance to the attraction area, which is separated from those waiting for the roller coaster. Guests in the ride's queue have access to special exhibit components, such as a Plexiglas "pop-up" window into the aquarium. Manta's rails, supports, and track are filled with sand to reduce noise.
Trains and loading procedure
Manta is a flying roller coaster, which simulates the sensation of flight. It is designed to resemble the way rays—mantas in particular—appear to fly through seawater. Guests are initially seated upright on the trains in one of eight rows that hold four passengers each, accommodating up to 32 riders. Manta operates with three trains. Before departure, mechanisms in the station raise the cars up to the track, such that the riders' spines are parallel to the track. Guests are secured in their seats using a locking lap bar, a vest-like harness, and flaps at the riders' ankles to hold their feet in place.
The cars are highly stylized. The lead car is shaped like a manta ray with a wingspan of 12 feet (3.7 m). In the original plans, the wing of the car was intended to make contact with water at a certain point of the ride, but Bolliger & Mabillard said the idea would not work and a fountain was used instead. The roller coaster's wings appear to skim the water's surface. Water jets in the attraction's main lagoon create a splash effect as the train passes. SeaWorld can adjust several features of the splash effect, including its duration and the train's speed when it enters the area. The roller coaster's color scheme includes deep purple, ultramarine blue and cobalt.
The steel track of Manta is 3,359 feet (1,024 m) long and lift hill is 140 feet (43 m) high. There are four inversions; a pretzel loop, two inline twists and one corkscrew. The track is dark blue and the supports are light blue. Sand is placed inside some sections of track to reduce the noise produced by the trains. Friction brakes are used to control the speed of the train. The track was fabricated at the Ohio-based Clermont Steel Fabricators.
Manta features a dual station configuration, which allows two trains to be loaded at the same time, thus increasing the ride's capacity. After departing from the station, the train will make either a slight left or right turn—depending on which station it leaves—into the 140-foot (43 m) chain lift hill. From the top of the lift hill, the train makes a 113-foot (34 m) downward right turn into a 98-foot (30 m)-tall pretzel loop, after which it turns left, leading into the first of two inline twists. The train then makes a right turn followed by a slight upward left turn into a corkscrew, before turning right into the mid-course brake run. The train then drops to a point just above a body of water, at the same time making a 270-degree right turn, where water jets spray up near the train to produce the effect of the train actually hitting the water. After exiting the turn, the train goes through the second inline twist, makes a left turn into the final brake run, then makes a left turn into one of the two stations where the next riders board.
Manta has been lauded by the mainstream media and industry press since its debut in May 2009. Busch Entertainment Corporation, SeaWorld Orlando's parent company, credited Manta with improving park attendance. In July 2009, ThemeParkInsider.com named Manta "best new attraction". In September 2009, Manta placed third in Amusement Today magazine's poll for the Best New Ride of 2009.
|Golden Ticket Awards: Top steel Roller Coasters|
In Mitch Hawker's worldwide Best Roller Coaster Poll, Manta peaked at position 23 in its debut year. The ride's ranking in subsequent polls is shown in the table below.
|Steel Roller Coaster Poll|
- No steel roller coaster poll was held in 2011.
- "Manta Teaser". SeaWorld Orlando. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- Powers, Scott (April 2, 2008). "New SeaWorld Orlando coaster/animal attraction revealed". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved April 2, 2008.
- Bevil, Dewayne (March 4, 2009). "SeaWorld's new roller coaster Manta on track for May opening". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "Images of SeaWorld's Planned Orlando Roller Coaster". WFTV. April 20, 2008. Archived from the original on June 14, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2008.
- "Word Mark: MANTA; Serial Number: 77420013". Trademark Electronic Search System (TESS). United States Patent and Trademark Office. March 12, 2008.
- Jackovics, Ted (May 30, 2008). "Journey like a manta ray — without getting wet". Sarasota Herald-Tribune (Halifax Media Group). p. 33. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
- Bevil, Dewayne (January 21, 2009). "SeaWorld’s Manta set to be born (sometime) in May". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 10, 2013.
- "Portfolio". Superior Rigging & Erection Company. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- Bevil, Dewayne (April 30, 2009). "SeaWorld: Public can preview Manta at noon on May 5". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- "Manta, ride the flying ray fact sheet". SeaWorld Orlando. Archived from the original on March 17, 2009. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- Powers, Scott (May 29, 2008). "SeaWorld emphasizes animals in planned new roller coaster". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Archived from the original on June 2, 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- Bevil, Dewayne (November 17, 2008). "Manta on demand: more details about SeaWorld coaster under construction". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved November 18, 2008.
- Bevil, Dewayne (March 4, 2009). "On the scene with Manta at SeaWorld Orlando". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- Marden, Duane. "Manta (SeaWorld Orlando)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
- "Manta – Sea World – Orlando – Loading Station". YouTube. May 5, 2009. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
- Albright, Mark (May 9, 2009). "Sea World's Roller coaster's designer fulfills lifelong ambition". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- Powers, Scott (May 29, 2008). "Details on "Manta" coaster announced". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 10, 2013.
- "Manta Front Row on-ride POV Seaworld Orlando". Coaster Force. YouTube. November 5, 2009. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
- Powers, Scotts (September 4, 2008). "SeaWorld releases photos of Manta construction". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved August 13, 2013.
- Garcia, Jason (June 27, 2009). "New Universal coaster spinning its wheels". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved July 3, 2009.
- Bevil, Dewayne (July 3, 2009). "Manta, Epcot restaurant, Portofino Bay nab Theme Park Insider awards". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved July 3, 2009.
- "Golden Ticket Bonus Issue" (PDF). Amusement Today 13 (6.2). September 2009. Archived from the original on November 10, 2010. Retrieved February 9, 2013.
- "Top 50 steel roller coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today 13 (6.2): 32–33. September 2009. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
- "Top 50 steel roller coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today 14 (6.2): 34–35. September 2010. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
- "Top 50 steel roller coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today 15 (6.2): 38–39. September 2011. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
- "Top 50 steel roller coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today 16 (6.2): 36–37. September 2012. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
- Hawker, Mitch. "Steel Roller Coaster Poll 12 Year Results Table (1999 - 2012)". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved 27 April 2013.