Manthiri Kumari

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Manthiri Kumari
Manthiri kumari.jpg
Theatrical poster
Directed by Ellis R. Dungan
Produced by T. R. Sundaram
Written by M. Karunanidhi
Starring M. G. Ramachandran
M. N. Nambiar
S. A. Natarajan
G. Sakunthala
Music by G. Ramanathan
Cinematography J. G. Vijayam
Edited by L. Balu
Production
  company
Modern Theatres
Distributed by Modern Theatres
Release date(s) 24 June 1950
Running time 163 mins
Country India
Language Tamil

Manthiri Kumari (Tamil: மந்திரி குமாரி) is a 1950 Tamil film directed by Ellis R. Dungan and starring M. G. Ramachandran and M. N. Nambiar. The screen play was written by M. Karunanidhi based on an incident from the Tamil epic Kundalakesi. This was the last Tamil film directed by Dungan and is considered to be among the most successful films of that decade. Shortly after directing this film, Dungan left the Tamil film industry and did not direct Tamil films again.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Singer T. M. Soundararajan sang for very first time for MGR in this film.[8]

Production[edit]

Manthiri Kumari (lit. The minister's daughter) was the film version of a play written by M. Karunanidhi and based an incident that occurs in the Tamil epic poem Kundalakesi (One of the five Great Tamil epics). T. R. Sundaram of Modern Theatres had previously produced a Dungan directed film Ponmudi (1950) in which Karunanidhi had worked as a script writer. Sundaram decided to make a film based on the play and hired Dungan to direct it (the credits show Sundaram and Dungan as co-directors of the film). M. G. Ramachandran (MGR) who had played the supporting roles in many of Dungan's earlier films had recently achieved success as a hero in Rajakumaari (1947) and Marudhanaattu Ilavarasi (1950). Karunanidhi recommended that his friend MGR be made hero for the new film. Sundaram agreed with a caveat - MGR's double chin had to be hidden behind a beard. G. Ramanathan was hired to compose the music. The lyrics for the songs were written by A. Marudhakaasi and Ka. Mu. Sherriff.[6]

Plot[edit]

The king of Mullai nadu is dominated by his Raja guru (head priest) (M. N. Nambiar). The guru wants his son Parthiban (S. A. Natarajan) to be appointed as the General of the army. But the king appoints Veera Mohan (MGR) instead. The enraged Parthiban becomes a bandit and starts raiding the country side. He wants to marry the princess Jeevarekha (G. Shakuntala) who is in love with Veera Mohan. Parthiban sends a message to Jeevarekha to meet him secretly. The message is delivered by mistake to the minister's daughter Amudhavalli (Madhuri Devi) and she goes to meet Parthiban. Parthiban and Amudhavalli fall in love. Meanwhile, the king sends his general Veeramohan to capture the bandits plaguing the country side. Veeramohan captures Parthiban and produces him in the royal court. The Raja guru is enraged and tries to get his son off by various means. He demands a trial for his son in front of the Goddess. During the trial, Amudhavalli hides behind the Goddess statue and pronounces Parthiban as innocent. She blames Veeramohan for the banditry. The king believing that the Goddess had spoken releases Parthiban and exiles Veeramohan. Parthiban and Amudhavalli are happily married. But goaded by his father Parthiban wants to take over the kingdom by marrying the princess. He decides to kill Amudhavalli. He tricks her into going with him to a cliff edge and tells her of his intention to kill her. Amudavalli begs him for a chance to worship him by going around him three times before she meets her death. Parthiban grants her last wish. While going around him she pushes him to his death from behind. Shocked by her actions and her husband's betrayal, she confesses her sins and becomes a Buddhist nun. The raja guru is jailed and Veera mohan is reunited with the princess.

Cast[edit]

Actor Role
M. G. Ramachandran General Veera Mohan
S. A. Natrajan Parthiban
M. N. Nambiar The Rajaguru
G. Shakuntala Princess Jeevarekha
Madhuri Devi Amudhavalli
T. P. Muthulakshmi
A. Karunanidhi
K. S. Angamuthu
Sivasuriyan
K. V. Seenivasan
K. K. Soundar

Crew[edit]

Reception[edit]

The film was released in June 1950 and became a box office hit. Though MGR was the hero, it was S. A. Natarajan's role which received the most acclaim. Karunanidhi's fiery dialogues became famous and stirred controversy.[3][5][6]

Soundtrack[edit]

The film's music was composed by G. Ramanathan. The song Vaarai nee vaarai sung by Trichy Loganathan and Jikki was the most popular song of the film. List of songs in the film:[10]

  1. Vaarai Nee Vaarai - Thiruchi Loganathan and Jikki
  2. Ulavum Thendral - Thiruchi Loganathan and Jikki
  3. Pengalinaal - Jikki
  4. Ubakaram Seibavarukke
  5. Anthisaayura Neram
  6. Isai Tamile Inidhaana - M. L. Vasanthakumari
  7. Rajavun Rani Indha Ezhaiyeliya
  8. En Erumai Kannukutti
  9. Aadhavan Udhitha Tamarai Malarndhadhu
  10. Kannadichi Yaarai Neeyum - A. P. Komala
  11. Annam Itta Vittile - T. M. Soundararajan
  12. Kadhal Baliyagi - M. L. Vasanthakumari
  13. Ahahaha Vaazhvile - M. L. Vasanthakumari
  14. Ennum Pozhuthil Inbam - M. L. Vasanthakumari
  15. Manam Pola Vazhvu - M. L. Vasanthakumari and Jikki
  16. Porakka Poguthu

References[edit]

  1. ^ Americans in Tamil cinema 6 September 2004
  2. ^ Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul (1994). Encyclopaedia of Indian cinema. British Film Institute. p. 88. ISBN 0-85170-455-7, ISBN 978-0-85170-455-5. 
  3. ^ a b National Film Development Corporation of India (1998). Indian cinema: a visual voyage. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India. p. 112. ISBN 81-230-0646-2, ISBN 978-81-230-0646-8. 
  4. ^ Muthiah, S. (2004). Madras rediscovered. Chennai: East West Books (Madras) Pvt. Ltd. p. 404. ISBN 81-88661-24-4, ISBN 978-81-88661-24-4. 
  5. ^ a b Thoraval, Yves (2000). The cinemas of India. India: Macmillan. p. 39. ISBN 0-333-93410-5, ISBN 978-0-333-93410-4. 
  6. ^ a b c Manthiri Kumari - A Grand Success (in Tamil), Maalai Malar 27 October 2009
  7. ^ Randor Guy (28 September 2007). "Blast from the past - Manthrikumari (1950)". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 
  8. ^ Kolappan, B. (25 May 2013). "Playback singer TMS passes away". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  9. ^ Manthiri Kumari Film in Google Videos
  10. ^ Joinscene.com Manthirikumari

External links[edit]