|Adult female Lisbon, Portugal|
Mantis religiosa, with the common name praying mantis, and outside Europe the European mantis, is an insect in the family Mantidae. It is one of the most well-known and widespread species of the order Mantodea, the Mantis.
It is an example of a common name for a single insect species becoming used for a larger group of related species. "Mantis" now refers to the insect order Mantodea, and the other families, genera, and species within it. Other examples are "hornet" and "wasp."
Mantis religiosa is native to Europe, Asia, and Africa. It was introduced to North America in 1899 on a shipment of nursery plants from southern Europe. Now it is found from the Northeastern United States to the Pacific Northwest, and across Canada.
The European mantis is usually 5–7.5 cm (2–3 inches) in length, and has shades of bright green to tan. It can be distinguished easily by a black-ringed spot beneath the fore coxae.
- Mantis religiosa beybienkoi found in Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Mongolia and West Siberia
- Mantis religiosa caucasica found in Stavropol
- Mantis religiosa eichleri found in Ethiopia, Mauritania, Niokolo-Koba, Ghana, Cameroon, Kenya, Congo, Niger, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Zimbabwe, Burkina Faso, Zambia and Anatolia
- Mantis religiosa inornata found in India, Iran
- Mantis religiosa langoalata found in Uzbekistan
- Mantis religiosa latinota found in Kazakhstan
- Mantis religiosa macedonica found in Macedonia
- Mantis religiosa major
- Mantis religiosa polonica found in Poland, Russia
- Mantis religiosa religiosa found in United States (introduced), Europe.
- Mantis religiosa siedleckii found in Southeast Asia: Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Java, Sulawesi
- Mantis religiosa sinica found in China, Japan, South Korea, Vietnam and East Africa
Adult male Mantis religiosa in Saône-et-Loire (71, France) in September, 2008
Brown adult male Mantis religiosa 2008 October, Cerreto Ratti, Alessandria
Mantis religiosa nymph, France
Green adult female Mantis religiosa, France
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Data related to Mantis religiosa at Wikispecies