Mantua Township, New Jersey

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Mantua Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Mantua
Mantua Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Mantua Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Mantua Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Mantua Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°45′43″N 75°10′23″W / 39.762012°N 75.17309°W / 39.762012; -75.17309Coordinates: 39°45′43″N 75°10′23″W / 39.762012°N 75.17309°W / 39.762012; -75.17309[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated February 23, 1853
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Peter Scirrotto (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Administrator Jennica Bileci[4]
 • Clerk Shawn Menzies[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 15.919 sq mi (41.228 km2)
 • Land 15.849 sq mi (41.048 km2)
 • Water 0.070 sq mi (0.180 km2)  0.44%
Area rank 169th of 566 in state
10th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 105 ft (32 m)
Population (2010 census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 15,217
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 15,109
 • Rank 166th of 566 in state
7th of 24 in county[12]
 • Density 960.1/sq mi (370.7/km2)
 • Density rank 389th of 566 in state
14th of 24 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08051[13][14]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 223, 415, 464, 468[15]
FIPS code 3401543440[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882147[1][18]
Website www.mantuatownship.com

Mantua Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 15,217,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 1,000 (+7.0%) from the 14,217 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,143 (+41.1%) from the 10,074 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Mantua Township was formed as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1853, from portions of Greenwich Township. Portions of the township were taken to form East Greenwich Township (February 10, 1881) and Pitman (May 24, 1905).[20]

Geography[edit]

Mantua Township is located at 39°45′43″N 75°10′23″W / 39.762012°N 75.17309°W / 39.762012; -75.17309 (39.762012,-75.17309). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 15.919 square miles (41.228 km2), of which, 15.849 square miles (41.048 km2) of it was land and 0.070 square miles (0.180 km2) of it (0.44%) of it was water.[1][2]

The township borders West Deptford Township, Deptford Township, Wenonah, Washington Township, Pitman, Harrison Township, and East Greenwich Township.

Richwood is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community that is located within portions of both Harrison Township and Mantua Township. The CDP had a 2010 population of 3,459, of which 3,400 were in Harrison Township and 59 in Mantua Township.[21][22] Barnsboro and Sewell are other unincorporated communities located within Mantua Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,742
1870 1,897 8.9%
1880 1,718 −9.4%
1890 1,791 * 4.2%
1900 2,101 17.3%
1910 1,529 * −27.2%
1920 2,002 30.9%
1930 2,677 33.7%
1940 2,433 −9.1%
1950 3,548 45.8%
1960 7,991 125.2%
1970 9,643 20.7%
1980 9,193 −4.7%
1990 10,074 9.6%
2000 14,217 41.1%
2010 15,217 7.0%
Est. 2013 15,109 [11][23] −0.7%
Population sources:
1860-2000[24] 1860-1920[25]
1860-1870[26] 1870[27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[8][9][10]
* Lost territory in previous decade

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,217 people, 5,719 households, and 4,169 families residing in the township. The population density was 960.1 per square mile (370.7/km2). There were 5,980 housing units at an average density of 377.3 per square mile (145.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 94.24% (14,340) White, 2.50% (380) Black or African American, 0.20% (31) Native American, 1.10% (168) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.66% (100) from other races, and 1.29% (197) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.95% (449) of the population.[8]

There were 5,719 households, of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.13.[8]

In the township, 24.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $80,743 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,473) and the median family income was $88,586 (+/- $5,058). Males had a median income of $66,993 (+/- $4,279) versus $49,500 (+/- $7,015) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $35,073 (+/- $2,942). About 2.7% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.[34]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 14,217 people, 5,265 households, and 3,948 families residing in the township. The population density was 894.3 people per square mile (345.2/km²). There were 5,411 housing units at an average density of 340.4 per square mile (131.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.81% White, 2.07% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.[32][33]

There were 5,265 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.14.[32]

In the township the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.[32]

The median income for a household in the township was $58,256, and the median income for a family was $63,391. Males had a median income of $46,984 versus $32,495 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,147. About 2.8% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.[32]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Mantua Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, members of the Mantua Township Committee are Mayor Pete Scirrotto, Deputy Mayor Sharon Lawrence, John Legge, Michael Silvanio and Robert Zimmerman.[35]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Mantua Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[36] and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[9][37][38] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Mantua Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[39] Prior to the 2010 Census, Mantua Township had been split between the 1st Congressional District and the 2nd Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[39]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[41][42] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[43][44]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nilsa Cruz-Perez (D, Camden, serving the unexpired term of Donald Norcross until November 2015)[45] and in the General Assembly by Angel Fuentes (D, Camden) and Gilbert "Whip" Wilson (D, Camden).[46] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[47] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[48]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2014, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends December 31, 2015),[49] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[50] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[51] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2016),[52] Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2016),[53] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014)[54] and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014).[55][56][57][58] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[59] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[60] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[61][62][57]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 10,232 registered voters in Mantua Township, of which 3,493 (34.1%) were registered as Democrats, 2,020 (19.7%) were registered as Republicans and 4,712 (46.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 7 voters registered to other parties.[63]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.0% of the vote here (3,902 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 47.3% (3,687 votes) and other candidates with 1.6% (126 votes), among the 7,800 ballots cast by the township's 10,429 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.8%.[64] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50.0% of the vote here (3,704 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 48.7% (3,604 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (70 votes), among the 7,408 ballots cast by the township's 9,657 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.7.[65]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 48.1% of the vote here (2,422 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 40.8% (2,055 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.6% (435 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (40 votes), among the 5,031 ballots cast by the township's 10,357 registered voters, yielding a 48.6% turnout.[66]

Education[edit]

Children in Pre-Kindergarten through sixth grade for public school are served by the Mantua Township School District. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[67]) are Centre City Elementary School[68] (591 students in Pre-Kindergarten to 4), Sewell Elementary School[69] (304; K-5) and J. Mason Tomlin Elementary School[70] (632; 4-6).[71]

Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Clearview Regional High School District, which serves students from Harrison Township and Mantua Township.[72][73] As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 2,507 students and 174.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.35:1.[74] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[75]) are Clearview Regional Middle School[76] (with 920 students in grades 7 and 8) and Clearview Regional High School[77] (with 1,587 students in grades 9-12).[78]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 91.85 miles (147.82 km) of roadways, of which 53.92 miles (86.78 km) were maintained by the municipality, 31.21 miles (50.23 km) by Gloucester County and 6.72 miles (10.81 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[79]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit bus service is available in the township between Bridgeton and Philadelphia on the 410 route and between Sewell and Philadelphia on the 412 route.[80][81]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Mantua Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Administration and Finance, Mantua Township. Accessed July 14, 2013.
  5. ^ Municipal Clerk, Mantua Township. Accessed July 14, 2013.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Mantua, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Mantua township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Mantua township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Mantua, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 23, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Mantua, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 23, 2013.
  16. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  20. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 139. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  21. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Richwood CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 11, 2012.
  22. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 11, 2012.
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  24. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Gloucester County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
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  26. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 257, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed September 23, 2013. "Mantua township in 1860 contained a population of 1,742, and in 1870, 1,897. Barnsboro and Carpenter's Landing, the latter named from Thomas Carpenter, an old settler, and Harrisonville, formerly called Colestown, are in this township."
  27. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed September 23, 2013.
  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed November 7, 2012.
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  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Mantua township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  35. ^ Mantua Township Committee, Mantua Township. Accessed September 9, 2013.
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  43. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  45. ^ Caffrey, Michelle. "First Latina legislator in N.J. Cruz-Perez steps into new role in state Senate", South Jersey Times, December 15, 2014. Accessed December 15, 2014. "Former Assemblywoman Nilsa Cruz-Perez was sworn into the state Senate on Monday, filling the seat left vacant by U.S. Rep. Donald Norcross. Democrat Cruz-Perez, sworn in by Senate President Steve Sweeney, will represent the 5th district in the state legislature after Norcross was elected to replace former Congressman Rob Andrews."
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  51. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  52. ^ Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  53. ^ Frank J. DiMarco, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  54. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
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  73. ^ About Us, Clearview Regional High School District. Accessed November 3, 2014. "The Clearview Regional High School District is comprised of two schools: Middle School (grades 7-8) and High School (grades 9-12). We serve both the Harrison and Mantua municipalities."
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  77. ^ Clearview Regional High School, Clearview Regional School District. Accessed November 3, 2014.
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External links[edit]