Manuel María Lombardini

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Manuel María Lombardini
Manuel María Lombardini.PNG
Seal of the Government of Mexico.svg
21st President of Mexico
In office
8 February 1853 – 20 April 1853
Preceded by Juan Bautista Ceballos
Succeeded by Antonio López de Santa Anna
Personal details
Born (1802-07-23)23 July 1802
Mexico City, New Spain
Died 22 December 1853(1853-12-22) (aged 51)
Mexico City, Mexico
Nationality Mexican
Political party Conservative
Military service
Allegiance  Mexico
Service/branch Mexican Army

Manuel José María Ignacio Lombardini de la Torre (23 July 1802 – 22 December 1853) was a Mexican general and politician who supported Antonio López de Santa Anna. From 8 February 1853 to 20 April 1853 he served as president of Mexico.

He joined the army at age 12, enlisting as a cadet in the Company of Patriots of Tacubaya during the Mexican War of Independence. After the war he retired from the army, but returned in 1832.

In 1836 he fought in the Texas War, where he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and in 1838 in the Pastry War against France. In 1847, during the United States invasion, he gained fame at the Battle of La Angostura. Also in 1847 he was given the military command of the state of Querétaro. In 1849 he became commander of the army (jefe de la plana mayor del ejército). In 1853, now a brigadier, he received command of the state of Mexico.

In 1853 he took part in the revolt of Jalisco against General Mariano Arista, who was serving as president. Juan Bautista Ceballos occupied the presidency briefly, and then transferred power to Lombardini as provisional president.

Lombardini served from 8 February 1853 to 20 April 1853, when Santa Anna returned to the presidency from exile in Jamaica. As president, he improved the roads to Veracruz and Acapulco and regulated navigation on Lake Chalco. He also founded the school of engineering at the Academia de San Carlos and introduced certain policy initiatives, such as an order to require convicted criminals in Mexico City to receive instruction in Christian doctrine.

Lombardini wrote a famous letter to the Mexican politician and political theorist Lucas Alamán that outlined the principles that should underpin the political program of conservatives. He approved Alamán's reasoning and prepared an electoral charade to legitimize the return of ex-president Santa Anna. Before handing over power, Lombardini issued a decree by which Santa Anna was appointed "Captain General of sea and land, with absolute powers." Shortly afterwards he was appointed Chief of Staff of the Army and Commanding General. Santa Anna also named him commander of the garrison of Mexico City, where he would die a few months later, in December.

Political offices
Preceded by
Juan Bautista Ceballos
President of Mexico
8 February - 20 April 1853
Succeeded by
Antonio López de Santa Anna

References[edit]

  • "Lombardini, Manuel María," Enciclopedia de México, v. 8. Mexico City, 1996, ISBN 1-56409-016-7.
  • García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrua, 1984.
  • Orozco Linares, Fernando, Gobernantes de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1985, ISBN 968-38-0260-5.
  • www.bicentenario.gob.mx [1]