Manuel Pinho

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Manuel Pinho
Manuel Pinho.jpg
Minister of Economy and Innovation
In office
14 March 2005 – 2 July 2009
President Jorge Sampaio
Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Prime Minister José Sócrates
Preceded by Álvaro Barreto (as Minister of Economy)
Graça Carvalho (as Minister of Innovation)
Succeeded by Fernando Teixeira dos Santos
Personal details
Born (1954-10-28) 28 October 1954 (age 60)
Lisbon, Portugal
Nationality Portuguese
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Alexandra Pinho
Alma mater Technical University of Lisbon
Paris West University Nanterre La Défense
Profession Economist

Manuel António Gomes de Almeida de Pinho (born Lisbon, Campo Grande, 28 October 1954) is a Portuguese economist and former politician. He is an Adjunct professor at Columbia University in New York City and a Guest professor at Beijing Foreign Studies University. He is currently a Visiting Professor at the University of Queensland in Australia.

Early life[edit]

Pinho was born in Lisbon and graduated from the Technical University of Lisbon in 1975.[1] He completed his doctoral degree in economics at Université Paris X Nanterre in 1982.[1] After receiving his doctorate, he was appointed as a professor at the Technical University of Lisbon and the Catholic University of Portugal;[1] he has also been a visiting scholar at the New York University Stern School of Business.[2] He left academia to work as an economist at the headquarters of the International Monetary Fund in Washington, D.C. from 1984-1988.[2]

Pinho held several political appointments in the early 1990s and is credited with the reform of Portugal's public debt market.[citation needed] He had a seat on the Portuguese Economic and Social Council, and served as the director-general of the Treasury and chairman of the public credit board.[2] He was also chairman of the advisory board of the Stock Exchange Commission[3] and chairman of the audit committee of Caixa Geral de Depósitos.[2] He was also a director of the European Investment Bank and represented Portugal on the monetary committee of the European Union.[2] He left these positions in 1994 to follow a career in banking.[2] He was a director of Banco Espírito Santo, and held positions at several of its subsidiaries, between 1994 and 2005.[2]

Political career[edit]

After a career in international institutions, at Treasury and in banking, he entered politics as top candidate of the Socialist Party list for district of Aveiro in the 2005 elections.[4] His term in parliament was very short, as he was nominated as Minister of Economy and Innovation by the new prime-minister José Sócrates, office which he occupied from 2005 until his resignation in July 2009.[5] As Minister, Pinho was responsible for the energy policy that saw Portugal become a leader in renewable energy.[6] Pinho was an architect of the European Union's Strategic Energy Technology Plan, a blueprint for European development of low-carbon energy production.[7] In 2007 he chaired the EU Council of Competitiveness Ministers[8] and the Transatlantic Economic Council.[9]

Controversy and resignation[edit]

In 2 July 2009, during the State of the Nation debate in the Assembly of the Republic, Pinho made a gesture directed to MPs of Portuguese Communist Party. These parties protested against the gesture, and Pinho left the debate earlier than expected. Questioned by journalists, he admitted that the gesture was excessive, but refused the idea of resignation and later apologised for the situation. However, later the same day, it was announced by the government that Pinho had resigned as minister.

After politics[edit]

Following his resignation, and given the proximity of elections, the prime-minister decided to give Pinho's portfolio to Fernando Teixeira dos Santos, the Finance Minister.[10] A group of workers of the Aljustrel Mines made a public statement to express their gratitude for Pinho's support,[11] and one year after his resignation, the new Mayor of Aljustrel named the town municipal park after Pinho.[citation needed]

Since 2010 he is at Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, where he teaches a course on Global energy policy at SIPA and is the director of the China Energy and Sustainability program me at the Earth Institute. [12] He is currently a Visiting Professor at the University of Queensland in Australia.

He has been a senior fellow of the Jackson Institute, Yale University and director of the Lisbon University Institute's energy MBA,.[13] He is also a guest professor at Beijing Foreign Studies University,  Vice Chairman of BES Africa, and a senior international adviser to Roland Berger Strategy Consultants.

Personal life[edit]

He is married to Alexandra, a contemporary art curator.

He lives in New York City.


  1. ^ a b c "Portal do Governo - Manuel Pinho". Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "OECD - Manuel Pinho". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  3. ^ "Manuel Pinho". Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  4. ^ "Eleição para a Assembleia da República – 20 Fevereiro 2005 listas de candidatos" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  5. ^ "PINHO, Manuel António Gomes de Almeida" (in Portuguese). Instituto de História Contemporãnea. Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "Staking all on a renewable future". BBC News. 22 February 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  7. ^ Manuel Pinho (2008). "Europe's new energy era". Ministry of Economy and Innovation. Retrieved 14 February 2010. 
  8. ^ "Manuel Pinho chairs the Competitiveness Council that adopts important conclusions on determinant competitiveness policies and, particularly, on SME policies". 26 November 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  9. ^ "VP Verheugen chairs first meeting of Transatlantic Economic Council on 9th November". 8 November 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  10. ^ "Portuguese minister resigns after making cuckold gesture to opposition MP". The Daily Telegraph. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  11. ^ "Mineiros de Aljustrel defendem Manuel Pinho em abaixo-assinado" (in Portuguese). Sol. 21 July 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  12. ^ "Global Leader in Renewable Energy Will Teach at SIPA". School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  13. ^ "The Energy MBA". ISCTE – Lisbon University Institute. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 

External links[edit]