|Minister of Economy and Innovation|
14 March 2005 – 2 July 2009
Aníbal Cavaco Silva
|Prime Minister||José Sócrates|
|Preceded by||Álvaro Barreto (as Minister of Economy)
Graça Carvalho (as Minister of Innovation)
|Succeeded by||Fernando Teixeira dos Santos|
28 October 1954 |
|Alma mater||Technical University of Lisbon
Paris West University Nanterre La Défense
Manuel António Gomes de Almeida de Pinho (born Lisbon, Campo Grande, 28 October 1954) is a Portuguese economist and former politician. He is an Adjunct professor at Columbia University in New York City and a Guest professor at Beijing Foreign Studies University. He is currently a Visiting Professor at the University of Queensland in Australia.
Pinho was born in Lisbon and graduated from the Technical University of Lisbon in 1975. He completed his doctoral degree in economics at Université Paris X Nanterre in 1982. After receiving his doctorate, he was appointed as a professor at the Technical University of Lisbon and the Catholic University of Portugal; he has also been a visiting scholar at the New York University Stern School of Business. He left academia to work as an economist at the headquarters of the International Monetary Fund in Washington, D.C. from 1984-1988.
Pinho held several political appointments in the early 1990s and is credited with the reform of Portugal's public debt market. He had a seat on the Portuguese Economic and Social Council, and served as the director-general of the Treasury and chairman of the public credit board. He was also chairman of the advisory board of the Stock Exchange Commission and chairman of the audit committee of Caixa Geral de Depósitos. He was also a director of the European Investment Bank and represented Portugal on the monetary committee of the European Union. He left these positions in 1994 to follow a career in banking. He was a director of Banco Espírito Santo, and held positions at several of its subsidiaries, between 1994 and 2005.
After a career in international institutions, at Treasury and in banking, he entered politics as top candidate of the Socialist Party list for district of Aveiro in the 2005 elections. His term in parliament was very short, as he was nominated as Minister of Economy and Innovation by the new prime-minister José Sócrates, office which he occupied from 2005 until his resignation in July 2009. As Minister, Pinho was responsible for the energy policy that saw Portugal become a leader in renewable energy. Pinho was an architect of the European Union's Strategic Energy Technology Plan, a blueprint for European development of low-carbon energy production. In 2007 he chaired the EU Council of Competitiveness Ministers and the Transatlantic Economic Council.
Controversy and resignation
In 2 July 2009, during the State of the Nation debate in the Assembly of the Republic, Pinho made a gesture directed to MPs of Portuguese Communist Party. These parties protested against the gesture, and Pinho left the debate earlier than expected. Questioned by journalists, he admitted that the gesture was excessive, but refused the idea of resignation and later apologised for the situation. However, later the same day, it was announced by the government that Pinho had resigned as minister.
Following his resignation, and given the proximity of elections, the prime-minister decided to give Pinho's portfolio to Fernando Teixeira dos Santos, the Finance Minister. A group of workers of the Aljustrel Mines made a public statement to express their gratitude for Pinho's support, and one year after his resignation, the new Mayor of Aljustrel named the town municipal park after Pinho.
Since 2010 he is at Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, where he teaches a course on Global energy policy at SIPA and is the director of the China Energy and Sustainability program me at the Earth Institute.  He is currently a Visiting Professor at the University of Queensland in Australia.
He has been a senior fellow of the Jackson Institute, Yale University and director of the Lisbon University Institute's energy MBA,. He is also a guest professor at Beijing Foreign Studies University, Vice Chairman of BES Africa, and a senior international adviser to Roland Berger Strategy Consultants.
He is married to Alexandra, a contemporary art curator.
He lives in New York City.
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- "The Energy MBA". ISCTE – Lisbon University Institute. Retrieved 20 August 2010.