|Minister of Economy and Innovation|
14 March 2005 – 2 July 2009
|Preceded by||Álvaro Barreto (economy)
Graça Carvalho (innovation)
|Succeeded by||Fernando Teixeira dos Santos|
28 October 1954 |
After a career in international institutions and in banking he served as Portugal's Minister of Economy and Innovation from 2005 until his resignation in July 2009. In 2007 he chaired the EU Council of Competitiveness Ministers and the Transatlantic Economic Council.
Since 2010 he is at Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, where he teaches a course on international energy policy at SIPA. He has been a senior fellow of the Jackson Institute, Yale University and director of the Lisbon University Institute's energy MBA,. He is also a guest professor at Beijing Foreign Studies University, Vice Chairman of BES Africa, and a senior international adviser to Roland Berger Strategy Consultants.
Pinho was born in Lisbon and graduated from the Technical University of Lisbon in 1975. He completed his doctoral degree in economics at Université Paris X Nanterre in 1982. After receiving his doctorate, he was appointed as a professor at the Technical University of Lisbon and the Catholic University of Portugal; he has also been a visiting scholar at the New York University Stern School of Business. He left academia to work as an economist at the headquarters of the International Monetary Fund in Washington, D.C. from 1984-1988.
Pinho held several political appointments in the early 1990s and is credited with the reform of Portugal's public debt market. He had a seat on the Portuguese Economic and Social Council, and served as the director-general of the Treasury and chairman of the public credit board. He was also chairman of the advisory board of the Stock Exchange Commission and chairman of the audit committee of Caixa Geral de Depósitos. He was also a director of the European Investment Bank and represented Portugal on the monetary committee of the European Union. He left these positions in 1994 to follow a career in banking. He was a director of Banco Espírito Santo, and held positions at several of its subsidiaries, between 1994 and 2005.
An independent politician, Pinho was elected to Parliament on 20 February 2005 as the first-choice candidate on the Socialist Party list for district of Aveiro. On 12 March 2005, he was appointed Minister of Economy and Innovation in the Government of José Sócrates. As a Minister, Pinho was responsible for the energy policy that saw Portugal become a leader in renewable energy. Pinho was an architect of the European Union's Strategic Energy Technology Plan, a blueprint for European development of low-carbon energy production.
Following his resignation in 2009, Pinho's portfolio has been given to Fernando Teixeira dos Santos, the Finance Minister, and were subsequently given to José Vieira da Silva, the Minister of Labor. The mine's workers' committee made a public statement to express their gratitude for Pinho's support, and one year after his resignation, Aljustrel's new mayor, who had replaced the town's previous, Communist mayor at the 2009 local election, named the town's municipal park after Pinho.
He is married to Alexandra da Fonseca Pinho.
- "Portuguese minister resigns after making cuckold gesture to opposition MP". The Daily Telegraph. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Manuel Pinho chairs the Competitiveness Council that adopts important conclusions on determinant competitiveness policies and, particularly, on SME policies". eu2007.pt. 26 November 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "VP Verheugen chairs first meeting of Transatlantic Economic Council on 9th November". europa.eu. 8 November 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Global Leader in Renewable Energy Will Teach at SIPA". School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "The Energy MBA". ISCTE – Lisbon University Institute. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Portal do Governo - Manuel Pinho". portais.gov.pt. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "OECD - Manuel Pinho". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "Manuel Pinho". energy-conference.org. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Manuel Pinho demite-se na sequência de gesto polémico" (in Portuguese). Euronews. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "Eleição para a Assembleia da República – 20 Fevereiro 2005 listas de candidatos" (in Portuguese). parlamento.pt. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "PINHO, Manuel António Gomes de Almeida" (in Portuguese). Instituto de História Contemporãnea. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "Staking all on a renewable future". BBC News. 22 February 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- Manuel Pinho (2008). "Europe's new energy era". Ministry of Economy and Innovation. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "Mineiros de Aljustrel defendem Manuel Pinho em abaixo-assinado" (in Portuguese). Sol. 21 July 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2010.