Manuel Prado Ugarteche

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Manuel Prado
President Don Manuel Prado.JPG
President of Peru
In office
July 28, 1956 – July 18, 1962
Preceded by Manuel A. Odría
Succeeded by Ricardo Pérez Godoy
In office
December 8, 1939 – July 28, 1945
Preceded by Oscar R. Benavides
Succeeded by José Bustamante y Rivero
Personal details
Born (1889-04-21)April 21, 1889
Lima, Peru
Died August 15, 1967(1967-08-15) (aged 78)
Paris, France
Political party Pradist Democratic Movement
Profession Banker

Manuel Carlos Prado y Ugarteche (April 21, 1889 – August 15, 1967) was a Peruvian banker and political figure. Son of former president, Mariano Ignacio Prado, he was born in Lima and served as the President of Peru twice, from 1939 until 1945 and again between 1956 and 1962. His brother, Leoncio Prado Gutiérrez, was a military hero.

As a young army officer, Prado was a key player in the coup that overthrew Peruvian President Guillermo Billinghurst in 1914. He became President of the Central Reserve Bank in 1934.

Manuel Prado, a conservative patriarch of a wealthy and powerful family, reached the Presidency of Peru with the help of the left-wing Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana party. Prado announced that "one of the first acts of my government will be to declare a general political amnesty and put an end to the proscription of political parties."

During Prado's second presidency (1956-1962), the only significant proscribed party was the APRA (American Popular Revolutionary Alliance), which was thrown out of power and outlawed in 1948 by President Manuel Odría. Prado announced that he would submit to the newly elected Congress a bill to legalize APRA once again. The bill was later passed and the APRA's famed founder, Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, returned from foreign exile.

In foreign policy, Prado – whose greatest pride was that as President in 1942 he made Peru the first of the South American nations to break off relations with the Axis Powers– was expected to side firmly with the U.S.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Óscar Benavides
President of Peru
1939-1945
Succeeded by
José Bustamante
Preceded by
Manuel Odría
President of Peru
1956-1962
Succeeded by
Ricardo Pérez Godoy