Manuel Rojo del Río y Vieyra

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Su Excelencia Reverendísima
Manuel Antonio Rojo del Río y Vieyra
Arzobispo de Manila
Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio Vera.jpg
Manila
See Manila
Installed July 22, 1759
Term ended January 30, 1764
Predecessor Pedro José Manuel Martínez, O.F.M.
Successor Sancho de Santa Justa
Orders
Consecration January 29, 1748
by Manuel José Rubio y Salinas
Personal details
Birth name Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio y Vieyra
Born September 24, 1708
Tula de Allende, Mexico
Died January 30, 1764(1764-01-30) (aged 55)
Manila, Philippine Islands
Nationality Spain/Mexico Spanish (later Mexican)
Denomination Roman Catholic
Archbishop
Manuel Antonio Rojo del Río y Vieyra
Governor-General of the Philippines
In office
July 1761 – January 30, 1764
Monarch Charles III of Spain
Preceded by Bishop Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta
Succeeded by Dawsonne Drake (in Manila)
November 2, 1762
Simón de Anda y Salazar
January 31, 1764[1]
Military service
Battles/wars Seven Years' War
Styles of
Arzobispo Manuel Rojo del Río y Vieyra
Mitre (plain).svg
Reference style Monseñor
Spoken style Su Excelencia Reverendísima
Religious style Reverendísimo

Manuel Antonio Rojo del Íio y Vieyra (September 24, 1708 – January 30, 1764)[2] was a Mexican (originally Spanish Criollo) friar who served as the Archbishop of Manila and Governor-General of the Philippines at the commencement of the 1762–1764 British occupation of Manila.

Early life[edit]

Rojo del Río was born in Tula, Mexico on September 24, 1708. On 1758, he was consecrated as a bishop to the Archdiocese of Manila.[3]

On May 31, 1759, the death of Governor-General Pedro Manuél de Arandía left the position vacant. Bishop Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta of the Archdiocese of Cebu succeeded him as well as becoming acting Archbishop of Manila.[4] On 22 July 1759, Rojo del Río was enthroned as Archbishop of Manila. In 1761, a royal decree from Spain ruled that Rojo del Río replace Ezpeleta to become Governor-General.[5] He died in office on 20 January 1764.

Governorship[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anda was the lieutenant governor since the day before the fall of Manila to the British on October 4, 1762. The British installed Drake as governor in November. They also recognized Rojo's powers as president of the Real Audiencia until his death on January 30, 1764. After the death of Rojo, and wanting to leave the Philippines, the British unsuccessfully negotiated with Anda to recognise him as Governor-General of the Philippines. They never recognised him as such, but instead following the orders of the king of Great Britain and the king of Spain when their despatches arrived together, recognised de la Torre as Rojo's successor as Spanish governor-general.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio Vera †". Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  4. ^ de Zuñiga, Joquin Martinez (1803). Historia de las Islas Filipinas (in Spanish). Sampaloc, Manila. pp. 597–600. 
  5. ^ "Manila Metropolitan Cathedral". Retrieved 2009-10-19. 

External links[edit]


Episcopal lineage
Consecrated by: Archbishop Manuel José Rubio y Salinas
Political offices
Preceded by
Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta
Governor and Captain-General of the Philippines
1761-1764
Succeeded by
Dawsonne Drake
as British Governor of Manila
1762-1764
Succeeded by
Simón de Anda y Salazar
as Governor-General of the Philippines
1764
Religious titles
Preceded by
Pedro José Manuel Martínez, O.F.M.
Archbishop of Manila
22 July 1759–30 January 1764
Succeeded by
Basilio Hernando de Santa Justa, Sch. P.