|Vice President of Angola|
26 September 2012
|President||José Eduardo dos Santos|
|Preceded by||Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos|
15 May 1956 |
Luanda, Overseas Province of Angola, Portugal
Manuel Domingos Vicente is an Angolan politician who has been Vice President of Angola since September 2012. Previously he was chief executive officer of Sonangol, Angola's state oil company, from 1999 to 2012, and he briefly served in the government as Minister of State for Economic Coordination in 2012.
Born at Luanda, Vicente earned an electronic engineering degree at the University of Angola (Agostinho Neto University) in 1983. After working as a chief engineer during the 1980s, he headed the technical department of the Ministry of Oil from 1987 to 1991. He was appointed as Deputy Director-General of Sonangol, the state oil company, in 1991.
In 1999, Vicente was appointed as head of Sonangol. In that key post, he presided over the most important sector of the Angolan economy and was considered a close associate of President José Eduardo dos Santos. During his time in charge of the company, oil production increased dramatically. He routinely traveled abroad, acquiring "an excellent reputation from the international business community". Vicente was appointed as a member of the Political Bureau of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the ruling party, in December 2009.
A September 2011 report in Novo Jornal claimed that dos Santos intended for Vicente to be his successor. The report was followed by a flurry of speculation. Vicente was, however, reappointed for another term at the head of Sonangol in December 2011, briefly tempering the speculation.
President dos Santos appointed Vicente as Minister of State for Economic Coordination on 30 January 2012; Francisco de Lemos José Maria succeeded Vicente at Sonangol. In line with earlier speculation, the move was generally interpreted by observers as suggesting that dos Santos was positioning Vicente as his eventual successor. It appeared that Vicente's government post would give him a great deal of authority in managing the economy, and it would bolster Vicente's credibility and experience given that he had previously only been involved in the oil industry. Nevertheless, it was believed that some other leading figures in the ruling party were skeptical about Vicente, given his relative inexperience in politics, and could be trying to resist the President's efforts to position him for the succession.
Agence France-Presse reported in February 2012, citing an MPLA source, that Vicente would have the second spot on the MPLA's candidate list for the 2012 election, behind dos Santos, and would become Vice-President of Angola after the election. As anticipated, the MPLA Central Committee designated President dos Santos as head of the MPLA party list and Vicente as the second candidate on the list on 13 June 2012.
As expected, the MPLA won the election, and Vicente took office as Vice President on 26 September 2012.
- "Sonangol's ex-boss styled as Dos Santos's heir apparent", Agence France-Presse, 11 March 2012.
- Christophe Boisbouvier, "Angola : Manuel Vicente, l'homme du président dos Santos", Jeune Afrique, 8 February 2012 (French).
- Shrikesh Laxmidas, "Oilman Vicente waits in Angola presidential wings", Reuters, 1 February 2012.
- "Manuel Vicente", Africa Energy Intelligence N°619, Africa Intelligence, 6 January 2010.
- "Vicente to succeed Dos Santos?", Africa Confidential, volume 52, number 18, 9 September 2011.
- "Presidente da República nomeia ministro de Estado da Coordenação Económica", Angola Press Agency, 30 January 2012 (Portuguese).
- "Angola's Dos Santos to seek new term: party source", Agence France-Presse, 11 February 2012.
- "President Eduardo dos Santos leads party's list", Angola Press Agency, 13 June 2012.
- "Manuel Vicente inaugurated as Vice-president of Republic", Angola Press Agency, 26 September 2012.
Fernando da Piedade
Dias dos Santos
|Vice President of Angola