Manuel Victoria

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Manuel Victoria
Mexico  Governor of Alta California
In office
Appointed by Lucas Alamán
Preceded by José María de Echeandía
Succeeded by Agustín V. Zamorano (north) &
José María de Echeandía (south)
- both provisional governors
Personal details
Died 1833
Profession Soldier, Governor
Religion Roman Catholic

Manuel Victoria was Governor of the Mexican territory of Alta California from January 1831 to December 6, 1831. He died in exile in 1833.


The revolt against his governorship lead to his abbreviated twelve month tenure, and subsequent exile.


Removal and exile was due to his nullifying the order of his predecessor Governor José María de Echeandía, to secularize the Alta California missions and distribute their landholdings as land grant ranchos.


Pío Pico first briefly replaced Manuel Victoria as Governor. Then Agustín V. Zamorano in the north, and José María de Echeandía in the south, served as provisional governors from 1832 to 1833.

Governor José Figueroa arrived from Mexico in 1833, resolving the north-south political struggle. Secularization and Mexican land grants resumed with Governor Figueroa.

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