Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha

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Manuel Troncoso de la Concha
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg 38th President of the Dominican Republic
In office
March 7, 1940 – May 18, 1942
Preceded by Jacinto Peynado
Succeeded by Rafael Trujillo
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg 23rd Vice President of the Dominican Republic
In office
August 16, 1938 – March 7, 1940
Preceded by Jacinto Peynado
Succeeded by Vacant
Personal details
Born April 3, 1878 (1878-04-03)
San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic
Died May 30, 1955 (1955-05-31) (aged 77)
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Nationality Dominican
Political party Dominican Party
Residence Santo Domingo
Alma mater Professional Institute
Profession Attorney

Manuel de Jesús Ulpiano Troncoso de la Concha (April 3, 1878 – May 30, 1955) was an intellectual and President of the Dominican Republic from 1940 until 1942, as a puppet of dictator Rafael Trujillo.[1] Prior to ascending to the Presidency, he was Vice-President from 1938 to 1940. His term began upon the death of President Jacinto Peynado. He also served in 1911 during the reign of the Council of Secretaries [2]

Early life and education[edit]

Troncoso was the son of Jesus Maria Troncoso de la Concha y Baldomero. Manuel was educated at the Conciliar Seminary of St. Thomas Aquinas, graduating with a Bachelor of Philosophy and Letters degree on November 25, 1895. He also was educated in the law, graduating from Professional Institute on April 3, 1899.[3]

Professional life[edit]

Troncoso founded the commercial and civil law firm Oficina Troncoso in 1915 in Santo Domingo. He served as a judge in the First Instance, Court of Appeal, and Land Court. He served on the Supreme Court and as Minister of Justice, Minister of Public Instruction, Minister of Industry and Commerce, Minister of Communications, Minister of the Interior, and Attorney General. He was also founding member of the Dominican Academy of History and Chairman of its Board from 1944 until 1955.[4]

Troncoso was Mayor of Santo Domingo as well as President of The National Electoral Board. He was attorney for the International Court and was a professor and Dean of the Law School and Principal of the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo. He served as Vice-President of the Republic from 1938 until 1940. After serving as President, Troncoso became President of the Senate from 1942 to 1954. He was coroner of the Judicial District of Santo Domingo from 1911 until the time of his death.

As an author, Troncoso published Elementos de Derecho Administrativo (lit. "Elements of Administrative Law"), Narraciones Dominicanas (lit. "Dominican Narratives"), La Ocupación de Santo Domingo por Haití (lit. "The Occupation of Santo Domingo by Haiti"), El Brigadier Juan Sánchez Ramírez (lit. "Brigadier Juan Sánchez Ramírez"), and Génesis de la Convención Dominico-Americana (lit. "Genesis of the Dominican-American Convention"). He was Editor-in-chief of Listín Diario from 1899 to 1911.[5]

As president[edit]

On May 17, 1942 Troncoso appointed Generalissimo Rafael Trujillo as the new Secretary of War and Secretary of the Navy, using the previous resignation of Héctor Trujillo as a legal basis.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peguero, Valentina (2004). The militarization of culture in the Dominican Republic, from the captains general to General Trujillo. U of Nebraska Press. pp. 68, 114, 220. ISBN 9780803237414. 
  2. ^ http://rulers.org/ruld.html#dominican_republic
  3. ^ Provincias Dominicanas Translated
  4. ^ Academia Dominica de la Historia translated
  5. ^ Tronsoco-Caceres Law Firm
  6. ^ Galíndez, Jesús de. 1973. The era of Trujillo: Dominican dictator. Tucson: the University of Arizona Press.


Political offices
Preceded by
Jacinto Peynado
President of the Dominican Republic
1940–1942
Succeeded by
Rafael Trujillo