Manuel de Moura, 2nd Marquis of Castelo Rodrigo

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Manuel de Moura
Manuel de Moura Corte-Real.tiff
Born 1590
Died 28 January 1651
Religion Roman Catholicism
Spouse(s) Leonor de Melo

Manuel de Moura e Corte-Real, 2nd Marquis of Castel Rodrigo, (Portuguese: Dom Manoel de Moura e Côrte-Real), (1590 – 28 January 1651), was Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1644 to 1647.

Life[edit]

Manuel de Moura e Corte Real was the second of three marquises named Castelo Rodrigo. Although the family served the King of Spain, it was Portuguese and its roots were in Lisbon. The family traced its origin to the reconquest of Moura (Alentejo, Portugal) from the Moors, during the Reconquista in 1165, but its fortune was established in the late sixteenth century, when Cristóvão de Moura (1528–1613), the first Marquis of Castelo Rodrigo backed the claims of the Spanish king, Philip II, to the throne of Portugal in the 1580 Portuguese succession crisis that led to the Iberian Union. As agents of the Spanish crown, the family gained wealth and prominence.

Manuel de Moura e Corte Real married Leonor de Melo. His oldest surviving son and heir, Francisco de Moura, destined to become the third Marquis of Castelo Rodrigo was born in 1610. Like his father, he eventually became governor of the Southern Netherlands.

Manuel entered the service of the Habsburg crown in 1615 as Gentleman of the Chamber of the future Philip III of Portugal. When the prince succeeded to the throne as Philip IV in 1621, Castelo Rodrigo was kept on the sidelines by his jealous rival Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares, still insecure in his position as favorite.

Castelo Rodrigo was transferred back to Lisbon to arm a fleet in 1627, but was recalled to court temporarily in 1630, when Olivares decided to put his rival to use in the service of Habsburg diplomacy. Castelo Rodrigo was appointed ambassador to Rome, where he was a patron to Borromini and the sculptor François Duquesnoy.

Castelo Rodrigo's embassy came to an end with the revolt of Portugal in December 1640. He remained unswervingly loyal to the Spanish Habsburg crown, suffering extensive losses of family lands in Portugal, Even so, it was impolitic to have a Portuguese serving as a Spanish ambassador during the revolt, and Olivares was not completely sure of his Castelo Rodrigo's loyalty.

In 1642, he was sent to Vienna, where he served until May 1644. From June 1644 he served in Brussels as adjunct governor of the Netherlands. He worked for the cause of peace between the United Provinces and Spain, and was instrumental in the preliminary negotiations which set in motion the peace conference of Münster. He served as Philip IV's trusted minister until his recall in 1647.

Castelo Rodrigo arrived in Madrid on 14 January 1648, where he is recorded in 1649 in the position of Mayordomo mayor in the royal palace. A portrait formerly ascribed to Velázquez shows him bearing his age with dignity . He died in Madrid in 1651 at the age of 61.

Sources[edit]

  • Castro Pereira Mouzinho de Albuquerque e Cunha, Fernando de (1995). Instrumentário Genealógico - Linhagens Milenárias (in Portuguese). pp. 329–30. 
  • Costa Felgueiras Gaio, Manuel José da. Nobiliário das Famílias de Portugal (in Portuguese) VII. Portugal: Beltroens. 
  • Hobbs, Nicolas (2007). "Grandes de España" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  • Sousa, Dom António Caetano de (1946). História Genealógica da Casa Real Portuguesa (in Portuguese) VI (2ª Edição ed.). Coimbra, Portugal: Atlântida-Livraria Editora, Lda. 
  • Instituto de Salazar y Castro. Elenco de Grandezas y Titulos Nobiliarios Españoles (in Spanish). periodic publication. 
  • Santiago Martínez Hernández, "Aristocracia y anti-olivarismo: el proceso al marqués de Castelo Rodrigo, embajador en Roma, por sodomía y traición (1634-1635)", in: José Martínez Millán, Manuel Rivero Rodríguez and Gijs Versteegen (edd.), La Corte en Europa: Política y Religión (siglos XVI-XVIII), Ediciones Polifemo, Madrid 2012, vol. II, pp. 1147–1196.
  • David García Cueto, "Mecenazgo y representación del marqués de Castel Rodrigo durante su embajada en Roma", in: Roma y España, un crisol de la cultura europea en la Edad Moderna, edited by Carlos José Hernando Sánchez, SEACEX, Madrid 2007, Vol. 2, 2007, pp. 695–716.

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Marquis of Tor de Laguna
Governor-General
of the Spanish Netherlands

1644–1647
Succeeded by
Archduke Leopold Wilhelm
Portuguese nobility
Preceded by
Cristóvão de Moura
Marquis of Castelo Rodrigo
1621–1651
Succeeded by
Francisco de Moura
New title Count of Lumiares
1607–1651