Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, mills and mines. It has existed since the outset of the industrial revolution. Some examples of industrial waste are chemical solvents, paints, sand paper, paper products, industrial by-products, metals, and radioactive wastes.
Toxic waste, chemical waste, industrial solid waste and municipal solid waste are designations of industrial waste. Sewage treatment plants can treat some industrial wastes, i.e. those consisting of conventional pollutants such as biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). Industrial wastes containing toxic pollutants require specialized treatment systems. (See Industrial wastewater treatment).
Penalties and fees are created all over the world as enforcement actions for reducing industrial waste. Laws are enforced to ensure that violating conditions are corrected in a short time, and the environment is protected from the unnecessary man-made pollution.
- Maczulak, Anne Elizabeth (2010). Pollution: Treating Environmental Toxins. New York: Infobase Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 9781438126333.
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (2011). "Introduction to the National Pretreatment Program" Document no. EPA-833-B-11-001. pp. 1-1, 1-2.
- "King County Industrial Waste Enforcement Response Plan". King County Government, Seattle, WA. March 31, 2009. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
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