Manuscript Society

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An inverted/negative portrait of the Manuscript Tomb with its hidden insignia exposed.

Manuscript Society is a senior secret society at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. Toward the end of each junior year, 16 undergraduates are "tapped" to be inducted into the society, which meets twice weekly for dinner and discussion (once per week with undergraduates only, once with alumni, honorary members and invited guests). Undergraduates are selected for their strength in academics, extracurricular activities, character and commitment to truth.[citation needed] Manuscript is known for having the best of the intellectual and artistic undergraduates among its members and calls itself an "Arts and Letters" society.[1]

History and Traditions[edit]

Founded in 1952, Manuscript was Yale's seventh "landed" senior society; that is, its alumni trust owns its building, or "tomb." Manuscript was one of the first of the "above-ground" senior societies to tap women along with St. Elmo. Each delegation is elected by a consensus of Manuscript alumni, trustee members, and others, unlike other secret societies, where undergraduate members shoulder more of the burden of selecting, recruiting and initiating their descendants.[2]

The Wrexham Foundation is the society's alumni board of trustees. Since 1956, the foundation has underwritten a scholarship in the humanities for a "senior who shall be judged to have written the best senior essay in the field of the humanities." Administered by Yale, it is given in memory of Wallace Notestein, M.A. 1903, Ph.D. 1908, Litt.D. 1951.[3]

Manuscript also briefly played host to the 1991-92 classes of Skull and Bones, who were temporarily locked out of their own tomb by alumni who objected to its undergraduates' decision to tap women for the first time in the spring of 1991.[1]

It holds the number 344 to be sacred.[1] Possible explanations of this include the fact that this was the date that the Greek philosopher and scientist, Aristotle, travelled from Assus to Lesbos to study natural history and marine biology.[4]

The Society supposedly holds Enlightenment ideals, and the sun and sunflowers are both important symbols to members.[5] The society also retained close connections with the campus literary society Chi Delta Theta in the early 1950s.[6]

The society holds an annual gathering in its tomb on Halloween. A Manuscript event is described in the novel Joe College by Tom Perrotta.[7]

Architecture[edit]

Designed by King-lui Wu, Manuscript's tomb is mid-century modern, unusual amid other societies' elaborate mid-to-late-19th Century buildings. It appears from the outside to have only one level, yet conceals eight subterranean floors.[8] The tomb holds a vast collection of notable modern and contemporary art.[9] The Yale University Art Gallery is said to have temporarily stored pieces there.[1] Wu said that he designed the building "for privacy, not for secrecy."[10] Dan Kniley was responsible for landscaping and Josef Albers for the brickwork intaglio mural.

Notable members[edit]

Journalist and historian Richard Rhodes (1937-) was a member of the class of '59.
Four time Presidential adviser David Gergen (1942-), was a member of the class of '63.
Prominent senator H. John Heinz III (1938-1991) was a member of the class of '64.
Two time Academy Award winner Jodie Foster (1962-) was a member of the class of '85.
CNN broadcaster and journalist Anderson Cooper (1967-) was a member of the class of '89.
Name Yale Class Known for
Matthew Bruccoli 1953 Preeminent expert on F. Scott Fitzgerald[1]
Ted Morgan 1954 Pulitzer Prize-winning author and journalist[1]
Michael Pertschuk 1954 Consumer advocate, author and former government official[1]
David Calleo 1955 Intellectual historian, political economist at Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University[1]
Henry Geldzahler 1957 Art historian and curator[1]
Anthony Lapham 1958 CIA Lawyer[1]
Stephen F. Williams 1958 Senior Circuit Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit[1]
Richard Maltby, Jr. 1959 Tony Award-winning director[1]
Richard Rhodes 1959 Pulitzer Prize-winning author[1]
H. John Heinz III 1960 US senator[citation needed]]]
Dale Purves 1960 Neuroscientist, Director of the Neuroscience and Behavioural Disorders program at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School[1]
Robert Glick 1962 Former director of the Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research[1]
David Gergen 1963 Presidential Advisor and Political Commentator[1][11]
Robert Fiore 1964 Film producer and co-director of Pumping Iron, a documentary about Arnold Schwarzenegger[1]
Paul Steiger 1964 Editor-in-Chief of ProPublica, formerly the Managing Editor of the Wall Street Journal[1]
Charles Derber 1965 Professor of Sociology and social critic[1]
Juan Negrín Fetter 1967 Director, Wixarika Research Center, founder of the Party of the Left at Yale[1][12]
Richard H. Brodhead 1968 9th President of Duke University[1]
Alan Bernheimer 1970 Poet[1]
Rodger Kamenetz 1970 Professor and certified dream therapist[1]
Soni Oyekan 1970 Leading chemical engineer and inventor[1]
Jane Maienschein 1972 Director of the Center for Biology and Society, at Arizona State University[1]
Eli Whitney Debevoise II 1974 U.S. Director of the World Bank[1]
Rosanna Warren 1976 Poet and scholar[1]
Karl Zinsmeister 1981 Director of the White House Domestic Policy Council under George W. Bush[1]
Byron Kim 1983 Minimalist artist[1]
Cheryl Henson 1984 Puppeteer and President of the Jim Henson foundation[1]
Jodie Foster 1985 Actress[1]
Tamar Gendler 1987 Professor, chair of the Yale University Department of Philosophy[1]
Scott Peterson 1988 Author and journalist, Moscow bureau chief for the Christian Science Monitor[1]
Jen Banbury 1989 Playwright, author of novel Like a Hole in the Head and journalist[citation needed]]]
Anderson Cooper 1989 News Anchor[11][13]
Jonathan Zittrain 1991 Professor of Internet Law at Harvard University[1]
Noah Bookbinder 1995 Professor of Law at George Washington University, chief counsel for Sen. Patrick Leahy[1][14]
James Prosek 1997 Author and naturalist[1][15]
Maia Brewton 1998 Child actress and lawyer[1]
Elisabeth Waterston 1999 Actor[1][16]
Brooke Lyons 2003 Actor[citation needed]]]
Zoe Kazan 2005 Actor and playwright[citation needed]]]
Josef Albers Hon. Artist[1]
Cleanth Brooks Hon. Literary Critic[1]
Robert A. Dahl Hon. Professor of Political Science at Yale University, considered the "Dean" of political science[1]
Vincent Giroud Hon. Historian of French Opera[1][17]
Gary Haller Hon. Professor of Chemistry at Yale University and Master of Jonathan Edwards College[1]
Cyrus Hamlin Hon. Literary critic and longtime Yale professor[1]
E. D. Hirsch, Jr. Hon. Literary critic and proponent of Cultural literacy[1]
Patrick McCaughey Hon. Former director of the Yale Center for British Art[1]
Ved Mehta Hon. Author and advocate for the blind[1]
Wallace Notestein Hon. Sterling Professor of English history at Yale[1]
Richard Rephann Hon. Former director of the Yale University Collection of Musical Instruments[1]
Duncan Robinson Hon. Master of Magdalene College, Cambridge, Chairman of the Henry Moore Foundation and Director of the Fitzwilliam Museum[1]
William Kelly Simpson Hon. Art historian and Master of Timothy Dwight College[1]
Richard Selzer Hon. Surgeon, author and professor of surgery at Yale[1]
Steven Smith Hon. Political Scientist and Master of Branford College[1]
Robert Farris Thompson Hon. Art historian and Master of Timothy Dwight College[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb Ed. Parks, Steven; Cooper, Henry S. F. Jr., Wallace, Thomas C. (2002). Manuscript Society (1953-2002). (New Haven, CT): Phoenix Press.  )
  2. ^ "Tombs & Taps" section of online Magazine, retrieved 2010
  3. ^ Yale University | Office of the Secretary
  4. ^ Article on 344 BC
  5. ^ Havemeyer, Loomis. 1960. "Go to your room"; a story of undergraduate societies and fraternities at Yale. New Haven : 1960.
  6. ^ Yale Extracurricular and Social Organizations publication, retrieved 26 March 2012
  7. ^ Perotta, T. Joe College (New York, St. Martins : 2005) pp. 105-116
  8. ^ Constructs Yale Architecture 2012' (Yale Architecture School : 2012)
  9. ^ The Yale Daily News, Yale's Secret Social Fabric, Zapana, V and Niarchos, N
  10. ^ Architectural Record, November 1965. "Ingenious Use of a Narrow Site".
  11. ^ a b Wenzel, R. Economic Policy Journal. "Doing a background check on CNN" (26 December 2011), retrieved on 26 March 2012
  12. ^ Biographical Sketch of Juan Negrin, retrieved 22 March 2012
  13. ^ buzzle.com biography of Anderson Cooper, retrieved June 4, 2011
  14. ^ Listing in the George Washington Univ. Law School Directory, retrieved 26 March 2012
  15. ^ Hodara, S. The New York Times, "Interpreting a Blueprint for Birds". (Arts and Entertainment, 01/13/2008), retrieved 26 March 2012
  16. ^ Elisabeth Waterston bio, retrieved 26 March 2012
  17. ^ Giroud, V. French Opera, A Short History. (New Haven CT, Yale Univ. Press : 2010) ISBN 978-0-300-11765-3

Sources[edit]