Manville, New Jersey

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Manville, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Manville
Map of Manville in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Manville in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Manville, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Manville, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°32′29″N 74°35′21″W / 40.54127°N 74.589273°W / 40.54127; -74.589273Coordinates: 40°32′29″N 74°35′21″W / 40.54127°N 74.589273°W / 40.54127; -74.589273[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Somerset
Incorporated April 18, 1929
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Angelo Corradino (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator Gary P. Garwacke[4]
 • Clerk Philip E. Petrone[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 2.449 sq mi (6.342 km2)
 • Land 2.361 sq mi (6.114 km2)
 • Water 0.088 sq mi (0.228 km2)  3.60%
Area rank 376th of 566 in state
15th of 21 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 56 ft (17 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 10,344
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 10,424
 • Rank 237th of 566 in state
11th of 21 in county[11]
 • Density 4,382.0/sq mi (1,691.9/km2)
 • Density rank 134th of 566 in state
5th of 21 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08835[12][13]
Area code(s) 908[14]
FIPS code 3403543620[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885291[1][17]
Website www.manvillenj.org

Manville is a borough in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 10,344,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of one person (+0.0%) from the 10,343 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 224 (-2.1%) from the 10,567 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] Manville was named after the Johns-Manville Corporation, which maintained a large manufacturing facility in the borough for decades.

Historically, many of Manville's residents are of Slavic — mostly eastern Polish (23.1% of the borough's population[19]) and western Ukrainian descent — with many businesses and restaurants geared towards the Polish-American community located along County Route 533.

Manville was formed by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 1, 1929, with a referendum held on April 18, 1929.[20]

Geography[edit]

Manville is located at 40°32′29″N 74°35′21″W / 40.54127°N 74.589273°W / 40.54127; -74.589273 (40.54127,-74.589273). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.449 square miles (6.342 km2), of which, 2.361 square miles (6.114 km2) of it was land and 0.088 square miles (0.228 km2) of it (3.60%) of it was water.[1][2]

Much of Manville is in a low-lying flood plain and is surrounded by rivers and streams on all but the western side which borders neighboring Hillsborough Township by land. The Raritan River forms the northern boundary of the borough and is met by the Millstone River which forms the eastern boundary of the borough, where a weir exists at the confluence of the rivers which is used for water intake purposes by New Jersey American Water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 5,441
1940 6,065 11.5%
1950 8,597 41.7%
1960 10,995 27.9%
1970 13,029 18.5%
1980 11,278 −13.4%
1990 10,567 −6.3%
2000 10,343 −2.1%
2010 10,344 0.0%
Est. 2013 10,424 [10][21] 0.8%
Population sources: 1930[22]
1930-1990[23] 2000[24][25] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,344 people, 4,016 households, and 2,663 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,382.0 per square mile (1,691.9/km2). There were 4,277 housing units at an average density of 1,811.9 per square mile (699.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 86.35% (8,932) White, 2.72% (281) Black or African American, 0.10% (10) Native American, 1.99% (206) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 6.50% (672) from other races, and 2.35% (243) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 18.98% (1,963) of the population.[7]

There were 4,016 households, of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.12.[7]

In the borough, 20.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $55,601 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,325) and the median family income was $63,864 (+/- $11,426). Males had a median income of $48,356 (+/- $4,062) versus $40,954 (+/- $5,868) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,636 (+/- $1,894). About 1.9% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.[26]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 10,343 people, 4,115 households, and 2,757 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,167.5 people per square mile (1,610.3/km2). There were 4,296 housing units at an average density of 1,731.0 per square mile (668.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.99% White, 0.45% African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.31% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.40% of the population.[24][25]

23.1% of Manville's residents identified themselves as being of Polish ancestry, the second-highest in New Jersey (behind Wallington's 45.5%), for all places with 1,000 people listing their ancestry.[19]

There were 4,115 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.05.[24][25]

In the borough the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.[24][25]

The median income for a household in the borough was $51,258, and the median income for a family was $61,151. Males had a median income of $40,902 versus $32,030 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,293. About 2.1% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.[24][25]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Manville is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Manville, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[27][28]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Manville is Angelo Corradino (D, term ends December 31, 2015), who was elected to replace Mayor Lilian Zuza. Members of the Manville Borough Council are Council President Mark A. Gregor (D, 2015), Susan Asher (R, 2013), Ed Komoroski (D, 2014), Richard Onderko (R, 2016), Ronald Skirkanish (D, 2015) and Stephen Szabo (R, 2014).[29]<[30][31][32]

In November 2011, Angelo Corradino was elected to a fifth non-consecutive term of office, defeating Republican candidate Susan Asher. Corradino was the only four-term Mayor in Manville's history, was the first Manville Mayor to be elected as the President of the New Jersey Conference of Mayors and the first Manville Mayor to be elected into the New Jersey Mayors Hall of Fame.[33]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Manville is located in the 12th Congressional District[34] and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district.[8][35][36] Prior to the 2010 Census, Manville had been part of the 7th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[37]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[38] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[39][40] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[41][42]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 16th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher Bateman (R, Somerville) and in the General Assembly by Jack Ciattarelli (R, Hillsborough Township) and Donna Simon (R, Readington Township). [43][44] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[45] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[46]

Somerset County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members.[47] As of 2014, Somerset County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Patrick Scaglione (R, Bridgewater Township, 2015),[48] Freeholder Deputy Director Mark Caliguire (R, Skillman in Montgomery Township, 2015),[49] Peter S. Palmer (R, Bernardsville, term ends December 31, 2014),[50] Patricia L. Walsh (R, Green Brook Township, 2016)[51] and Robert Zaborowski (R, Somerset in Franklin Township, 2014),[52][53] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Brett A. Radi (R, Somerville, 2017),[54] Sheriff Frank J. Provenzano (R, Raritan, 2016)[55][56] and Surrogate Frank Bruno (R, Branchburg, 2015).[57]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 5,200 registered voters in Manville, of which 1,375 (26.4% vs. 26.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,080 (20.8% vs. 25.7%) were registered as Republicans and 2,741 (52.7% vs. 48.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[58] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 50.3% (vs. 60.4% in Somerset County) were registered to vote, including 63.0% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.4% countywide).[58][59]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,928 votes here (50.7% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,746 votes (45.9% vs. 52.1%) and other candidates with 72 votes (1.9% vs. 1.1%), among the 3,802 ballots cast by the borough's 5,129 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.1% (vs. 78.7% in Somerset County).[60] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,998 votes here (52.4% vs. 51.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,741 votes (45.7% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 53 votes (1.4% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,812 ballots cast by the borough's 4,881 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.1% (vs. 81.7% in the whole county).[61]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,594 votes here (58.9% vs. 55.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 823 votes (30.4% vs. 34.1%), Independent Chris Daggett with 210 votes (7.8% vs. 8.7%) and other candidates with 36 votes (1.3% vs. 0.7%), among the 2,704 ballots cast by the borough's 5,189 registered voters, yielding a 52.1% turnout (vs. 52.5% in the county).[62]

Education[edit]

The Manville School District serves public school students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,297 students and 100.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.88:1.[63] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[64]) are Weston Elementary School[65] for grades K-3 (451 students), Roosevelt Intermediate School[66] for grades 4&5 (182), Alexander Batcho Intermediate School[67] for grades 6-8 (279) and Manville High School[68] for grades 9-12 (385).[69]

Christ the King School (PreK-8) operates under the supervision of Roman Catholic Diocese of Metuchen.[70]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 42.07 miles (67.71 km) of roadways, of which 39.19 miles (63.07 km) were maintained by the municipality and 2.88 miles (4.63 km) by Somerset County.[71]

Public transportation[edit]

Somerset County provides SCOOT bus service in the borough on its R1, R2 and Peak routes.[72]

Redevelopment[edit]

Johns-Manville Corporation had a large manufacturing facility in the borough that utilized asbestos in its manufacturing processes. Manville has begun to leave behind its industrial past and the lingering asbestos pollution that was a legacy of the manufacturing that took place in the borough. The asbestos dumps have been removed or capped in compliance with environmental laws[citation needed], and the former manufacturing land has been redeveloped into a large movie theater complex known as Reading Cinemas, a medium-sized retail outlet with a Walmart anchor store and a used car wholesale auction company called ADESA New Jersey.

Other areas of the borough are also undergoing redevelopment. The Federal Superfund project called The Federal Creosote Site was cleaned up by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with $250 Million of public funds. The Superfund cleanup project was performed in a 35-acre (140,000 m2) residential section of town called Claremont Development and in a 15-acre (61,000 m2) commercial area called the Rustic Mall, and was officially declared complete by the EPA on March 7, 2008.[73] The borough plans to redevelop the former Superfund site into a town center with shops and housing as soon as EPA approval of the redevelopment plans is received.

Flooding problems[edit]

Photo of a gauge inspector and the Manville, New Jersey gage house built into the Van Veghten's Bridge abutment during the Raritan River flood of December 31, 1948.

Manville suffers from occasional flooding events that occur after prolonged heavy rainfall events, when the Raritan River and Millstone River overflow their banks into the northern section (Raritan) and the Lost Valley section (Millstone) of the borough. The southern parts of Main Street also suffered from the flooding, due to the presence of the stream that backs up with water from the nearby Millstone River in which it empties.

There are studies being undertaken to address the flooding problems in the Millstone River basin and Manville; however, none of the flood control ideas in the Millstone River basin have gotten beyond the initial study stages as of late 2006.

See Flood Control Feasibility Study for Manville, NJ by the United States Army Corps of Engineers for more information on flood control proposals for the borough.

Hurricane Floyd flood of 1999[edit]

Manville was severely hit by a flood in the wake of Hurricane Floyd in September 1999, which dropped 10 to 12 inches (250 to 300 mm) of rain in the areas surrounding the borough. The floods devastated the Lost Valley section, some of the South side area along Main Street and a large portion of the North side. Water levels reached between 12 feet (3.7 m) and 17 feet (5.2 m) in parts of the borough on September 17, 1999. The only way residents could get help was by boat or helicopter. There was also a large amount of fuel oil floating on the flood water which further damaged homes, many of which came off their foundations.

A portion of the North side received water coming from the Raritan at Dukes Parkway. Much of the north side had no flooding. The water reached the freight tracks at main street, and spilled over, flooding some on the South Street side, but leaving tons of water dammed in on the North Street side, where people had to be rescued from rooftops, or second floor windows and landings, by boat.

The problem was doubled in the Lost Valley section, as flood waters backed up where the Raritan and Millstone rivers meet near the dam. All trapped and injured people had to be taken out by helicopter, as there was no way to get in or out of the Lost Valley section. The September 1999 flood disaster was the worst ever to hit Manville, although it had been flooded in 1971 during Tropical Storm Doria, when many of the Lost Valley houses were destroyed and their foundations lost, and previously before that in the 1950s. Because of the railroad tracks being so much higher than the Lost Valley land, Manville's Lost Valley will always be a number one target for flooding. Through research of Manville's history, Lost Valley was to remain open land due to the high risk of flood.

Lost Valley flooding[edit]

Manville has the distinction of being the location where the slow moving Raritan River (which passes to the north) and the tributary Millstone River (which passes to the east) join together, in the far northeastern corner of the borough. The Lost Valley section in eastern Manville is situated on the natural flood plain between the Raritan and Millstone Rivers, and bears the brunt of occasional flooding events which affect the river basins. The Lost Valley section is named so because it is generally disconnected from the rest of the borough with only a tunnel at Kyle Street and a bridge at Bridge Street crossing the railroad tracks to the neighborhood.[74] Hurricane Floyd in September 1999 produced a particularly severe flood (a record for the river basins) in Manville, especially in the Lost Valley section of the borough, which experienced flooding all the way to the railroad tracks, with twelve feet or more water on many properties, which inundated houses with damaging flood waters. Another severe and devastating flood event occurred in Lost Valley during the April 2007 Nor'easter. It also left many homes and businesses underwater and was the worst flood since Hurricane Floyd. Flooding problems once again occurred in Manville on March 14, 2010 with rivers running already high due to recent snow melt along with three to four inches (102 mm) of rain that fell on the area on March 13, flooding was inevitable. More extensive flooding affected Manville in August 2011 when Hurricane Irene passed through New Jersey.[75][76] In the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy in late October 2012, Manville did not flood but the powerful winds left many homes without power for several days.[77]

Flood gauge on Raritan River[edit]

NOAA Flood gauge in Manville, NJ on Raritan River - Realtime river level data. Flooding occurs at a 14-foot (4.3 m) stage, and severe flooding occurs when the water reaches 18 feet (5.5 m).

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Manville include:

References[edit]

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  75. ^ Stephen Stirling (August 29, 2011). "Hurricane Irene leads to historic flooding after month's record rainfall". Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
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